Container dwell times are increasing at the ports of Vancouver and Prince Rupert as the impact of First Nations demonstrations and blockades along the Canadian National Railway lines in the interior are causing delays that have backed up to Canada’s Pacific Coast ports.
In a release Tuesday, CN noted that although the demonstrations “are unrelated to CN’s activities,” the railroad’s operations from Ontario to the Pacific Coast have been interrupted and “hundreds of trains have been cancelled” during the five days of protests. The railroad also said that it “will be forced to shut significant parts of its Canadian network imminently unless the blockades on its rail lines are removed.” The First Nations are protesting a proposed oil pipeline project in Canada.
Prince Rupert, which is served only by CN, reported Wednesday that rail container dwell times were approximately 4.5 days. Prince Rupert this past year had consistently maintained average dwell times of less than three days, an indicator of fluid conditions at marine terminals.
“A rail blockade nearly 300 kilometers from Prince Rupert has temporarily interrupted rail service to the Port of Prince Rupert, which has resulted in slowed operations,” the port stated. “Terminals at the Port of Prince Rupert continue to operate, though at reduced capacity, and we anticipate a peaceful resolution to the protest shortly and a restoration of rail operations.”
Rail container dwell times at the four container terminals in Vancouver served by CN ranged from five days to more than seven days, according to the port’s rail metrics posted on Friday, which indicates mounting congestion. Rail container dwell times at the same Vancouver terminals served by Canadian Pacific Railway ranged from three to seven days on the most recent posting, which was for Friday. By comparison, the average dwell times from April 2019 through January 2020 ranged from two to 3.2 days.
‘Mounting concerns’ rail delays could impact truck operations
Trucking interests on Monday spoke optimistically about gate conditions in Vancouver after protestors in the harbor area were served with a court injunction and were escorted from the terminal gates.
Dave Earle, president of the British Columbia Trucking Association, said Wednesday that although there were no demonstrators at the Port of Vancouver, demonstrators were targeting some key thoroughfares in the city. Truckers expressed “mounting concern” that roadway interruptions in the city could compound congestion at the marine terminals caused by the increasing rail container dwell times, Earle said.
A spokesperson for GCT Canada, which operates Deltaport, the largest container terminal in Vancouver, and Vanterm, said Wednesday cargo-handling operations and truck flow are continuing despite the disruptions.
“As of now, operations at GCT Vanterm and Deltaport continue with limited disruption due to local blockades, and we can maintain cargo velocity through the capacity of the semi-automated rail yard,” the spokesperson said.
However, CN stated that its mainline operations from British Columbia through Ontario and down to Chicago and the Midwest will be compromised if demonstrations and blockades continue much longer.
“The impact is also being felt beyond Canada’s borders and is harming the country’s reputation as a stable and viable supply chain partner,” CN stated in a press release. In addition to serving Canada, CN operates intermodal service from Prince Rupert to Chicago and on to Memphis, New Orleans, and Mobile. Intermodal trains transporting perishable goods, grains, construction materials, and other commodities throughout Canada and into the United States have been canceled, CN stated.