The government of India believes its landlord ports are underutilizing their assets and land and has proposed the leasing of vacant areas, including idle berths, for development and operation of port-related assets, including on-dock warehousing facilities, with a concession of up to 30 years.
Allowing the construction of warehousing, consolidation, pick-and-pack facilities and others so close to the country's leading ports would make life easier for shippers, while activating idle berths would increase the capacity of India's port network, a goal of the Narendra Mod-led government.
“After a maximum of 30 years of operation, the waterfront and associated land in a major port will be allotted for construction of berths, offshore anchorages, transshipment jetties and single point moorings,” an official statement said. “Extension of concession period on conditions, including underutilization of asset, as per the concession agreement, may be allowed.”
The new policy guidelines, which apply to all of the 12 major or public port trusts, come amid concern some of the ports have been lax in making the best use of their huge land resources.
Most importantly, the government believes the change will go a long way to standardizing procedures and bringing more transparency to the awarding of captive or single-user facilities.
The statement said optimal utilization of waterfront land at major ports is a critical component of the Sagar Mala development plan to improve port performance and reduce logistics costs.
The plan will rely heavily on public-private partnerships, the government said. India has made such partnerships a cornerstone of its efforts to upgrades it port system, securing $13 billion in investment at a recent maritime summit.
The Modi government, which has vowed to double Indian port capacity in 10 years, approved last week the establishment of the Sagarmala Development Company to facilitate coordination between government agencies and other stakeholders on various projects.
The government is making strides in its effort to boost port capacity, according to a paper from the Ministry of Shipping that showed the 12 major ports cumulatively added 93.84 million tons of capacity in fiscal year 2015 to fiscal year 2016 through the end of March. With that, total capacity at major ports increased to 965.36 million tons from 871.52 million tons the prior year.
On the productivity front, last year also produced some significant positive results. Average turnaround time for a ship was reduced from 2.13 days to 2.01 days, and average output per ship berth day rose from 12,523 tonnes (13,804 tons) to 13,151 tonnes, according to the paper.