Top 100 US importer and exporter rankings 2019

Top 100 US importer and exporter rankings 2019

The five largest US importers by volume — Walmart, Target, The Home Depot, Lowe’s, and Ashley Furniture — collectively accounted for nearly one out of every 10 US import TEU. Photo credit: trekandshoot/

The US-China trade war took its toll on containerized trade to the United States last year, with total US import volume ticking up just 0.43 percent year over year to 24.9 million TEU, down from a 7.1 percent increase the previous year, according to data from PIERS, a sister company of within IHS Markit.

Total US imports from Asia fell 2.2 percent to 16.55 million TEU in 2019. Imports from China were hit especially hard, declining 9.8 percent to 10.5 million TEU as retailers and manufacturers shifted some of their sourcing from China to Southeast Asia. Excluding China, US imports from the rest of Asia increased 14.8 percent in 2019.

Container exports from the US, meanwhile, rose 2.1 percent to just shy of 13 million TEU, after growing 0.1 percent in 2019, despite retaliatory Chinese tariffs on US export products.

Walmart remained atop the list of the largest US importers by a wide margin, despite importing fewer TEU than it did in 2018. The five largest importers by volume — Walmart, Target, The Home Depot, Lowe’s, and Ashley Furniture — collectively imported more than 2.47 million TEU in 2019, accounting for nearly one out of every 10 US import TEU.

On the export side, Koch Industries retained to the No. 1 spot, increasing its volume another 13.5 percent to 283,511 TEU after more than doubling it the year before.’s annual Top 100 US Importers and Exporters ranking begins with data from PIERS and is enhanced by information gathered from other industry sources.

The figures are expressed in TEU, the most common measurement of containerized ocean shipping. One standard 40-foot ocean container equals two TEU. These lists are restricted to shippers — beneficial owners of containerized cargo that entered or exited US ports by ocean vessel during 2019 — and don’t include shippers associations, carriers, non-vessel operating common carriers (NVOs), forwarders or brokers, third-party logistics providers (3PLs), banks, or “to-order” negotiable bills of lading, or data falling under privacy strictures. International import and export cargoes moving into and out of the US via air, rail, or truck also are not included. The JOC analysis accounts for changes in ownership structures and impacts on volume by tallying volume at subsidiary companies to the best of our ability. We also rely on self-reported numbers backed by documentation from companies that fall under privacy strictures.

Rankings compiled by Marcin Lejk, data analyst.

2020 JOC Top 100 Importers

US foreign trade via ocean container transport.
2020 rankJOC Top 100 ImportersTEU in 2019SectorHeadquarters
1Walmart893,390RetailBentonville, Ark.
2Target 600,040RetailMinneapolis, Minn.
3Home Depot400,100RetailAtlanta, Ga
4Lowe’s292,244RetailMooresville, N.C.
5Ashley Furniture270,000FurnitureArcadia, Wisconsin
6Dole Food230,117Fresh Fruit and VegetablesThousand Oaks, Calif.
7Samsung America181,328ConglomerateRidgefield Park, N.J.
8Family Dollar Stores/Dollar Tree171,936RetailMatthews, NC, Chesapeake, Va.
9LG Group156,348ConglomerateEnglewood Cliffs, N.J.
10Chiquita Brands International151,589Fresh Fruit and VegetablesCharlotte, N.C..
11IKEA International131,684RetailConshohocken, Pa.
12Nike 118,219Footwear and Apparel sport equipmentBeaverton, Ore.
13Williams-Sonoma88,800RetailSan Francisco, Calif.
14Red Bull North America70,700BeveragesSanta Monica, Calif.
15Rooms to Go 69,680Retail FurnitureSeffner, Fla.
16Hyundai Motor Company65,014Automotive goodsWest Point, Ga.; Mongomery, Ala.
17Dollar General57,458RetailGoodlettsville, Tenn.
18Fresh Del Monte Produce52,388FoodsCoral Gables, Fla.
19Mercedes Benz USA/Daimler Trucks50,515Automotive goodsAtlanta, Portland
20Sumitomo48,661ConglomerateNew York, N.Y.
21Hankook Tire America48,090TiresWayne, N.J.
22Toyota Tsusho America46,138ConglomerateGeorgetown, Ky.
23Costco Wholesale45,438RetailIssaquah, Wash.
24Michaels Stores42,834RetailIrving, Texas
25Newell Brands40,722Outdoor and home goodsHoboken, N.J.
26Bridgestone Tires40,106TiresNashville, Tennessee
27Anheuser Busch InBev38,257BeveragesSt. Louis, Mo.
28Dorel Industries37,121ConglomerateFoxborough, Massachusetts
29SOL Group Marketing37,038FruitPompano Beach, Fla.
30Amazon 35,779RetailSeattle, Washington
31Electrolux35,124AppliancesCharlotte, NC; Stockholm
32Mitsubishi Motors 35,020Automotive goodsCypress, Calif.
33Arauco Wood Products34,755Forest ProductsAtlanta, Ga
34Continental Tire33,333TiresFort Mill, S.C.
35Adidas Group31,202Footwear and Apparel sport equipmentPortland, Ore.
36Kubota Tractor30,908Tractors and Agri ToolsTorrence, Calif.
37Fyffes30,076Fresh Fruit and VegetablesMiami, FL
38At Home Procurement Inc29,396RetailPlano, Texas
39Best Buy29,376RetailRichfield, Minn.
40Ross Stores26,959RetailDublin, California
41American Honda Motor, Honda Trading America25,533Automotive goodsTorrance, Calif.; Marysville, Ohio
42American Tire Distributors25,441TiresHuntersville, N.C
43Subaru24,890Automotive goodsCamden, N.J.
44Michelin North America24,856Mfg-Tire & RubberGreenville, S.C.
45Coaster of America23,908FurnitureSanta Fe Springs, Calif.
46Haier America Trading23,875AppliancesWayne, N.J.
47Bissell Homecare23,780HouseholdGrand Rapids, Mich.
48Conair23,558Appliances & Personal CareEast Windsor, N.J.
49John Deere23,379Mfg-Machinery/TireMoline, Ill.
50Euromarket Designs23,320RetailNorthbrook, Ill.
51Yokohama Tire23,074TiresFullerton, Calif.
52PVH22,220AppliancesNew York, N.Y.
53Southern Glazer's Wine & Spirits21,227BeveragesMiami, Florida
54Living Spaces20,987FurnitureLa Mirada, Calilf.
55Shark Ninja20,513AppliancesNewton, Mass
56LANXESS Corporation19,492Chemicals-diversifiedPittsburgh, Pa.
57Panasonic Corp of North America18,896ElectronicsNewark, NJ
58Keter North America Inc18,894StorageAnderson, In
59Vestas American Wind Technology18,769Mfg-MachineryEllsworth, IL
60Toyo Tires18,706TiresCypress, Calif.
61Samsonite 18,510LuggageTsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong
62Mattel18,383ToysEl Segundo, Calif.
63Liberty Procurement18,267RetailLiberty Avenue Union, NJ
64FIJI Water18,213RetailLos Angeles, Calif.
65CMPC USA Inc.18,179Paper Products/Pulp/Forest ProductsAtlanta, Ga
66Q Cells18,158Technology Irving, Calif.
67Hyosung Motors18,155Automotive goodsIrving, Texas
68E&E18,130FurnitureFremont, Calif
69Nissan North America/Nissan Trading18,107Automotive goodsFranklin, Tenn.; Farmington Hills, Mich.
70Raymour & Flanigan Furniture17,337RetailLiverpool, N.Y.
71Gildan Activewear17,013Apparel Mfg.Montreal
72Spectrum Brands16,906Mfg-consumer productsMadison, Wisconsin
73Goya Foods16,730FoodsSecaucus, N.Y.
74BJ's Wholesale Inc.15,934RetailWestborough, Mass.
75Pirelli15,726TiresRome, Ga.
76QVC15,467RetailWest Chester, Pennsylvania
77Global Agri-trade15,310Grain/Animal FeedRancho Dominguez, Calif.
7899 Cents Only Stores15,293RetailCommerce, Calif.
79Bob’s Discount Furniture15,079Furniture retailerManchester, Conn.
80Solaris Paper15,071Paper Products/Pulp/Forest ProductsSanta Fe Springs, Calif.
81Dubal America Inc.14,967Mfg-MachinerySt. Louis, Mo.
82DAK Americas14,697ChemicalsCharlotte, North Carolina,
83American Power Conversion Corporation14,612ElectronicsWest Kingston, South Kingstown, Rhode Island, United States
84Badcock Home Furniture14,604FurnitureMulberry, Florida
85Joann Fabric and Craft Stores14,527RetailHudson, Ohio
86Michael Kors14,249Footwear and ApparelNew York, N.Y.
87Yazaki North America 14,198Automotive goodsCanton, Michigan
88Safavieh14,121FurnitureWashington, N.Y.
89American Furniture Warehouse13,873FurnitureEnglewood, Colorado,
90American Omni Trading Co.13,599Mfg-Tire & RubberKaty, TX
91Giti Tire USA13,448TiresRancho Cucamonga, Calif.
92Epson13,411ElectronicsLong Beach, Calif.
93H&M13,356Footwear and ApparelNew York, N.Y.
94LG Chemical America, Inc.13,109ChemicalsEnglewood Cliffs, N.J.
95Olam International13,100Cotton/Spices & VegetablesFresno, Calif.
96Icon Health & Fitness13,094Mfg-consumer productsLogan, Utah
97Sentury Tire12,930TiresMiami, Florida
98Belnick Incorporated12,645FurnitureCanton, Ga.
99Volkswagen Group12,267Automotive goodsHerndon, Va.
100Standard Furniture12,026FurnitureBay Minette, Ala.

2020 JOC Top 100 Exporters

US foreign trade via ocean container transport.
2020 rankJOC Top 100 ExportersTEU in 2019SectorHeadquarters
1Koch Industries 283,511ConglomerateWichita, Kan.
2International Paper229,760Paper/PackagingMemphis , Tennessee
3America Chung Nam184,434Paper/Plastics RecyclablesCity of Industry, Calif.
4DeLong145,503Animal Feed and GrainClinton, Wis.
5ExxonMobil Chemical116,380ChemicalsSpring, Texas
6Louis Dreyfus Company 102,772CottonCordova, TN
7International Forest Products97,709Paper Products/Pulp/Forest ProductsFoxborough, MA
8WestRock81,726Paper/ PackagingNorcross, Ga.
9BMW of North America79,183Automotive GoodsWoodcliff Lake, N.J. Spartansburg, S.C.
10Shintech72,980ChemicalsHouston, Texas
11WM Recycle America69,534Diversified/RecyclerHouston, Texas
12Scoular67,953Grain/Animal FeedOmaha, Neb.
13Sims Metal Management66,365Paper/Metals /Plastics RecyclablesNew York, N.Y.
14Ravago Group63,415Plastics, rubber, and chemicalsOrlando, Fla.
15Denison International PLC63,300Mfg-MachineryMarysville, Ohio
16Newport CH International62,445Paper/Metals /Plastics RecyclablesOrange, Calif.
17JBS USA58,728Refrigerated Meats/PoultryGreeley, Colo.
18Cargill58,657ConglomerateWayzata, Minn.
19Cycle Link USA57,919Paper/RecyclablesDiamond Bar, Calif.
20Lansing Trade Group54,970Animal Feed and GrainOverland Park, Kan.
21Smithfield Foods54,455Food/refrigeratedSmithfield, Va.
22Winfibre53,945Paper/RecyclablesChino, Calif.
23Domtar50,744Paper/Forest ProductsFort Mill, SC; Montreal, Canada
24Eastman Chemical Company46,382ChemicalsKingsport, Tennessee
25Tyson Foods45,373Refrigerated Meats/PoultrySpringdale, Ark.
26Rayonier Advanced Materials45,121Chemicals/Forest productsJacksonville, Fla.
27Gavilon41,223Animal Feed and GrainOmaha, Ne.
28AJC International41,051Food/refrigeratedAtlanta, Ga.
29Vinmar International39,837Chemicals/PlasticsHouston, Texas
30Al Dahra ACX Inc39,729Animal Feed and GrainWilmington, California
31CHS38,145Agriculture/Energy/FoodInver Grove Heights, Minn.
32Archer Daniels Midland38,013AgricultureChicago, Ill.
33PriceSmart36,999Membership Warehouse ClubSan Diego
34Walmart36,256RetailBentonville, Ark.
35JC Horizon35,015Paper/Metals /Plastics RecyclablesOntario, Calif.
36Perdue34,272Food/refrigeratedSalisburgy, Md.
37Potential Industries34,132Paper/RecyclablesWilmington, Calif.
38Ekman Group33,725Paper/RecyclablesGothenburg, Miami, Hong Kong
39U.S. Borax Inc33,101ChemicalsBoron, California
40DuPont31,606DiversifiedWilmington, Del.
41Dole Food30,265Fruit and vegetablesThousand Oaks, Calif.
42Graphic Packaging Holding29,672Paper ProductsAtlanta, Ga.
43Almarai 29,051Agricultural goodsSaudi Arabia
44Staple Cotton Cooperative Association28,419CottonGreenwood, Miss.
45Mercedes Benz USA/Daimler Trucks25,012Automotive GoodsAtlanta, Ga.
46Chevron Phillips Chemical 24,830ChemicalsThe Woodlands, Texas
47Procter & Gamble24,702Mfg-consumer productsCincinnati, Ohio
48CellMark Group24,409DiversifiedNorwalk and Stamford, Conn.; Pearl River, N.Y.; San Rafael, Calif.
49John Deere23,665Mfg-Machinery/TireMoline, Ill.
50Prairie Creek Grain23,553Animal Feed and GrainElwood, Ill.
51American Honda Motor, Honda Trading America23,542Automotive GoodsTorrance, Calif.; Marysville, Ohio
52Lamb Weston23,374Food/refrigeratedEagle, Idaho
53Michelin North America22,373Mfg-Tire & RubberGreenville, S.C.
54Fornazor International22,191Animal Feed and GrainHillsdale, N.J.
55Khanna Paper Inc.21,970Paper ProductsNorth Bergen, NJ
56Active Minerals International21,641MineralsSparks, Md.
57Alco Iron and Metal20,909Paper/RecyclablesSan Leandro, Calif.
58Fibre Trade20,711Paper/RecyclablesBurlingame, Calif.
59Caterpillar20,513Mfg-MachineryPeoria, Ill.
60Imerys20,506MineralsRoswell, Ga.
61Montachem 20,031Plastics/ChemicalsFort Lauderdale, Fla
62Mitsui & Co.19,981ConglomerateNew York, N.Y.
63Ascend Performance Materials19,721Chemicals/Fibers/PlasticsHouston, Texas
64Central National Gottesman19,518Paper Products/Pulp/Forest ProductsPurchase, N.Y.
65Sigma Recycling Inc19,203Paper/Metals /Plastics RecyclablesNorcross, Ga.
66Toyota Tsusho America18,974ConglomerateGeorgetown, Ky.
67POET Nutrition18,965Animal Feed and GrainSioux Falls, S.D.
68Genesis Resource Enterprises18,880Paper/RecyclablesSpringfield, N.J.
69Costco Wholesale18,641RetailIssaquah, Wash.
70KaMin18,149Minerals-ClayMacon, Ga.
71Allan Company17,896Paper/RecyclablesBaldwin Park, Calif.
72Anheuser Busch InBev16,799BeveragesSt. Louis, Mo.
73Advanced Steel Recovery16,274Metal/RecyclablesFontana, Calif.
74Hyundai Motor Company16,271Motor VehiclesMontgomery, Ala.
75Stone Arch Commodities16,176Animal Feed and GrainMinneapolis, Minnesota
76Nissan North America/Nissan Trading15,982Automotive GoodsFranklin, Tenn.; Farmington Hills, Mich.
77David J. Joseph Company15,978Paper/Metals /Plastics Recyclables Cincinnati, Oh
78Chemours 15,000ChemicalsWilmington, Del.
79Nippon Dynawave Packaging14,838Paper ProductsLongview, Wash.
80America Metal Export14,738ChemicalsAlhambra, Calif.
81Union Underwear14,503Apparel Mfg.Bowling Green, Ky.
82Vipa Group14,300Paper/RecyclablesBrea, Calif.
83G.A. Paper Intl.14,293Paper/RecyclablesTampa, Fla.; Markham, Canada
84Sappi Cloquet14,239Paper/Pulp/Paper ProductsCloquet, Minn.
85Dow Chemical14,238DiversifiedMidland, Mich.
86Sasol14,120ChemicalsHouston, Texas
87Zen Trading13,999Animal Feed and GrainSan Francisco, Calif.
88Kimberly-Clark13,515Paper ProductsIrving, Texas
89National Beef13,177Food/refrigeratedKansas City, Missouri
90Seaboard Foods12,977Food/refrigeratedKansas, United States
91Sysco 12,746Food/refrigeratedHouston, Texas
92Zen-Noh Grain Corporation12,667Animal Feed and GrainNew Orleans, La
93Canusa Hershman Recycling Co12,396Diversified/RecyclerBranford, Ct.
94Gildan Activewear12,201Apparel Mfg.Montreal, Canada
95Ecom America11,911Mfg-EquipmentGainesville, Ga
96Mehali Inc11,786Paper/RecyclablesHoboken, N.J.
97Cofco Americas Resources11,755Animal Feed and GrainChicago, Ill.
98Sonoco Products10,973PackagingHartsville, S.C.
99Mountaire Farms10,951Animal Feed and GrainLittle Rock, Arkansas
100OGO Fibers10,946Paper/RecyclablesRichmond Hill, Ontario; Summerville, S.C.