Soviet and Eastern European exports of coal, oil, gas and electricity to Western Europe and North America fell 2 percent in 1989, after recording a 7.6 percent rise in 1988.

Exports dropped to 1.26 billion barrels of oil equivalent, down 25 million barrels, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe said. "This is the first decrease since 1985," the commission said.The UN agency, which groups all East and West European countries, the United States and Canada, with Japan as a permanent observer, blamed the decline on a drop in oil exports. "Oil exports account for over 60 percent of total East European energy exports, but fell by 9.7 percent in 1989 compared with an increase of 9.1 percent in 1988," the report said.

In contrast, East European exports of natural gas increased 12.4 percent, electricity exports grew 13.3 percent and coal was up 2.8 percent.

Eastern Europe's main energy exporter last year was the Soviet Union, accounting for 83.1 percent of the total, up from an 82.9 percent share in 1988.

Soviet energy exports overall declined less than those of other East European countries. Soviet exports fell by 1.6 percent compared with a 3.5 percent fall for Eastern Europe.

West Germany was by far the largest importer of East bloc energy, accounting for 21 percent, followed by Italy with 18 percent, France with 11 percent and Finland with 10 percent. The United States accounted for 2.2 percent of the East bloc's export market.