Top 50 Global Container Ports

Top 50 Global Container Ports

Solid growth in global trade volumes in 2018 pushed the total container throughput of the 50 busiest cargo ports in the world up 4.6 percent year over year to almost half a trillion TEU, according to the JOC Top 50 Container Ports 2018 rankings.

The Port of Shanghai maintained its top spot on the list, reporting a 4.4 percent increase in container volume to just over 42 million TEU, more than four times the 9.5 million TEU handled by the busiest North American port, Los Angeles. Coming in at No. 2, the Port of Singapore reported the highest growth rate of any port in the top 20, increasing throughput 8.7 percent to 36.6 million TEU for the year.

JOC.com’s annual Top 50 Global Container Ports ranking is assembled using throughput data from port authorities, IHS Markit, and maritime industry analyst Alphaliner. IHS Markit is the parent company of JOC.com. The figures are expressed in millions of TEU, the most common measurement of containerized ocean shipping. One standard 40-foot ocean container equals two TEU. Non-containerized cargoes — i.e. dry bulk, liquid bulk, roll-on/roll-off (ro-ro), and oversized/heavy-lift project freight — are not included.

JOC Top 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2018

JOC Top 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2017

JOC TOP 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2016

JOC TOP 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2015

JOC TOP 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2014

Special Coverage

Three of the busiest container ports worldwide — Singapore, Busan, and Hong Kong — are all heavily reliant on transshipment, while another primarily transshipment-oriented port, Colombo, saw the third-fastest growth in 2018 of any port in the JOC Top 50.

News & Analysis

19 Dec 2019
Hutchison Ports will have to keep APM Terminals Rotterdam at arm’s length for a while once the sale is approved, with volume guarantees and a ban on firing staff also included the deal.
18 Nov 2019
The Port of New York and New Jersey has been a beneficiary of the nearly two-decade shift in container cargo from the West Coast to East and Gulf coasts, but its growth has not kept pace with its competitors in the Southeast, particularly with regard to discretionary cargo moving inland via rail.
23 Aug 2019
The Port of Virginia will shift more vessel calls to the Virginia International Gateway (VIG) terminal so shippers using rail can receive their cargo faster.
Top 50 Global Container Ports 2018
09 Aug 2019
Asian gateways continued to dominate the global port market in 2018, handling more than three-quarters of the total throughput of the top 50 container ports worldwide.
02 Aug 2019
Terminal operators at Mexican ports say they need to work more closely with rails and truckers, and have better coordination with cargo owners to reduce shipping delays.
30 Jul 2019
The lead investor in a container support facility in Los Angeles criticized the port for what he termed giving in to political and ILWU pressure by declaring a key efficiency initiative known as the Harbor Performance Enhancement Center to be “infeasible.”

Commentary

Ports are in the unique position to facilitate transformational change for the global supply chain. If we responsibly harness the new technologies available, these advanced solutions can position ports as trusted partners in digital infrastructure — just as we are in physical infrastructure.

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