Top 50 Global Container Ports

Top 50 Global Container Ports

Solid growth in global trade volumes in 2018 pushed the total container throughput of the 50 busiest cargo ports in the world up 4.6 percent year over year to almost half a trillion TEU, according to the JOC Top 50 Container Ports 2018 rankings.

The Port of Shanghai maintained its top spot on the list, reporting a 4.4 percent increase in container volume to just over 42 million TEU, more than four times the 9.5 million TEU handled by the busiest North American port, Los Angeles. Coming in at No. 2, the Port of Singapore reported the highest growth rate of any port in the top 20, increasing throughput 8.7 percent to 36.6 million TEU for the year.

JOC.com’s annual Top 50 Global Container Ports ranking is assembled using throughput data from port authorities, IHS Markit, and maritime industry analyst Alphaliner. IHS Markit is the parent company of JOC.com. The figures are expressed in millions of TEU, the most common measurement of containerized ocean shipping. One standard 40-foot ocean container equals two TEU. Non-containerized cargoes — i.e. dry bulk, liquid bulk, roll-on/roll-off (ro-ro), and oversized/heavy-lift project freight — are not included.

JOC Top 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2018

JOC Top 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2017

JOC TOP 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2016

JOC TOP 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2015

JOC TOP 50 GLOBAL CONTAINER PORTS 2014

Special Coverage

Three of the busiest container ports worldwide — Singapore, Busan, and Hong Kong — are all heavily reliant on transshipment, while another primarily transshipment-oriented port, Colombo, saw the third-fastest growth in 2018 of any port in the JOC Top 50.

News & Analysis

31 Mar 2020
The Federal Maritime Commission will engage stakeholders on how it can maintain cargo fluidity in the supply chain during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in a bid to avoid disruption.
19 Mar 2020
FedEx expands use of its US ground unit to deliver more air express packages, as e-commerce volumes swell and Amazon ups the competitive ante.
12 Mar 2020
In picking former Home Depot CFO Carol Tomé as CEO, UPS puts a former customer from retail e-commerce leader in the driver’s seat.
02 Mar 2020
Initiatives aimed at turning container ports from conduits of physical freight activity into hubs for the digital information surrounding those cargo movements are underway in virtually every major global gateway.
24 Feb 2020
Terminal operators at Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) have agreed to lift additional charges for direct port delivery (DPD) cargo they had previously sought to impose.
13 Feb 2020
The long-promised National Freight Strategic Plan should be about more than highways, groups representing US ports and shippers said this week. The question still is how to pay for freight priorities.
19 Dec 2019
Hutchison Ports will have to keep APM Terminals Rotterdam at arm’s length for a while once the sale is approved, with volume guarantees and a ban on firing staff also included the deal.
18 Nov 2019
The Port of New York and New Jersey has been a beneficiary of the nearly two-decade shift in container cargo from the West Coast to East and Gulf coasts, but its growth has not kept pace with its competitors in the Southeast, particularly with regard to discretionary cargo moving inland via rail.
23 Aug 2019
The Port of Virginia will shift more vessel calls to the Virginia International Gateway (VIG) terminal so shippers using rail can receive their cargo faster.
Top 50 Global Container Ports 2018
09 Aug 2019
Asian gateways continued to dominate the global port market in 2018, handling more than three-quarters of the total throughput of the top 50 container ports worldwide.
02 Aug 2019
Terminal operators at Mexican ports say they need to work more closely with rails and truckers, and have better coordination with cargo owners to reduce shipping delays.
30 Jul 2019
The lead investor in a container support facility in Los Angeles criticized the port for what he termed giving in to political and ILWU pressure by declaring a key efficiency initiative known as the Harbor Performance Enhancement Center to be “infeasible.”
29 Jul 2019
Cargo is growing again at GCT New York, and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey sees the terminal’s unused capacity as ripe for development to meet the port’s future needs.
20 Jun 2019
Amid intense scrutiny from longshore unions throughout North America, the LA harbor commission on Thursday approved a construction permit at APM Terminals Pier 400 that will open the door to a scalable type of automation that could be incorporated into smaller terminal operations in other ports.
31 May 2019
The two governments have agreed to help fund Sri Lanka’s East Container Terminal (ECT), a second facility under the Colombo South Harbor development program.
29 May 2019
Singapore’s Tuas mega-port project is expected to bring greater efficiencies to existing operations while increasing capacity by about 20 million TEU annually in the first phase alone.
22 May 2019
The Port of Antwerp is expanding its program of extended terminal gates and launching a six-month test of 24-hour gates at two terminals as cargo volumes at the port continue to grow.
16 May 2019
Port of Los Angeles Executive Director Gene Seroka tells JOC.com a port-wide trucker appointment system and off-dock chassis storage must be implemented now if the nation's largest port complex is going to avoid terminal congestion and equipment dislocations in the upcoming peak season.
14 May 2019
Officials at the Port of New York and New Jersey say that although the steady increase in vessel sizes and discharge volumes at the port means that 20 percent of all containers are moved on ships of 13,000 TEU or more, the terminals have been able to handle the cargo smoothly.
14 May 2019
Software issues that marred the initial deployment of India’s redesigned port community system have been resolved, but broader stakeholder concerns over data security remain.
30 Apr 2019
Australian banking and investment group Macquarie Infrastructure Partners already has stakes in New Jersey's Maher Terminals at Port Elizabeth and Penn Terminals.
Turloch Mooney, senior editor, global ports, JOC
26 Mar 2019
Turloch Mooney, senior editor, global ports, JOC, discusses his findings on how the increase in average vessel and call s
Rotterdam port.
30 Jan 2019
The injection of vessels comes as demand growth of Asia-Europe westbound volume slows.
Port of Long Beach.
28 Jan 2019
The ports of Los Angeles, Long Beach, and Oakland are investing billions in physical infrastructure, digitization, and process improvements to relieve congestion and speed container transport.
Port of Oakland.
28 Jan 2019
The year 2019 will likely become one of the most consequential in a generation for container shipping; old challenges are off the table, but new ones have replaced them.
Port of Manila.
25 Jan 2019
Truck shortages, warehouse closures, and too many empty containers have exacerbated terminal and landside congestion.
Port of New York and New Jersey.
25 Jan 2019
High cargo volume at the Port of New York and New Jersey and shortened workweeks due to the holidays have prompted the call for Saturday hours.
The Port of Los Angeles.
25 Jan 2019
Mega-ships and California environmental regulatory pressure is pushing APM Terminals to automate 100 acres of its Los Angeles facility.
Infographic: LA-LB port pain points
25 Jan 2019
With 12 container terminals handling more than 16 million TEU per year, including 30,000 gate moves per day, Los Angeles-Long Beach is the nation's most complex port environment.
Trans-Pacific shippers' 2019 outlook
23 Jan 2019
The annual survey of shipper views on the most important issues in the trans-Pacific trade.
Port of Los Angeles.
17 Jan 2019
The cause of the extreme gridlock at Los Angeles-Long Beach is manifold.
Rotterdam port.
15 Jan 2019
“If a carrier comes with a 30-day transit and they suddenly change to 40 days, we need to know about it one month in advance,” a shipper of medical products said.
Port of Hong Kong.
14 Jan 2019
The alliance of Hongkong International Terminals, Modern Terminals, COSCO-HIT Terminals (Hong Kong), and Asia Container Terminals is aimed at improving terminal utilization and efficiency.
Chassis stacked.
11 Jan 2019
Chassis supplies are low at the Port of New York and New Jersey due to high cargo volumes and chassis dwell times.
Port of Oakland.
10 Jan 2019
If there was ever a year when the outlook for reliability in the system was more clouded, 2019 and into 2020 would take the prize.
Port of Los Angeles.
09 Jan 2019
Competitors demonstrate that West Coast ports need to efficiently transfer containers to trucks and trains, as well ship-to-port, to retain shipper business.

Commentary

Ports are in the unique position to facilitate transformational change for the global supply chain. If we responsibly harness the new technologies available, these advanced solutions can position ports as trusted partners in digital infrastructure — just as we are in physical infrastructure.

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