Top 100 US Importers

Top 100 US Importers

The Journal of Commerce’s annual Top 100 U.S. Importers and Exporters ranking begins with data from PIERS, a sister product of JOC.com within IHS Markit, and is enhanced by information gathered from other industry sources.

The figures are expressed in TEU, the most common measurement of containerized ocean shipping. One standard 40-foot ocean container equals two TEU.

These lists are restricted to shippers — beneficial owners of containerized cargo that entered or exited U.S. ports by ocean vessels. The statistics don’t include shippers associations, carriers, non-vessel-operating common carriers, forwarders or brokers, third-party logistics providers, banks, or “to-order” negotiable bills of lading, or data falling under privacy strictures. International import and export cargoes moving into and out of the US via air, rail or truck are not included.

In tandem with last year’s ranking and considerable industry research, the list also identifies corporate subsidiaries and strives to reflect any changes in corporate status related to mergers, acquisitions, spinoffs, formal name changes or bankruptcy filings. We also identify the location of corporate headquarters and, if the global headquarters is outside the US., the parent company. We indicate a website if one is available and the industry sector, adding a short note about each company, often recent news or an interesting fact.

These rankings represent our best approximation of the total international oceanborne shipments by these companies and their subsidiaries. We welcome your feedback.  

 

Special Coverage

Walmart remained atop the list of the 100 largest US importers by a wide margin in 2019, while Koch Industries retained to the No. 1 export spot.

News & Analysis

23 Sep 2020
Speaking at the virtual 2020 CSCMP Edge conference, Target’s Arthur L Valdez, Jr., forecasts a reinvention of retailing based on logistics and increasingly precise and rapid transportation.
27 May 2020
With the US imposing higher tariffs on goods from China, importers of household goods moved production to Southeast Asia last year, primarily Vietnam.
26 May 2020
Increased import tariffs on Chinese-made toys in 2019 caused some shippers to shift sourcing to Vietnam, accelerating the diversion of those cargoes from Los Angeles and Long Beach to ports on the East and Gulf coasts.
25 May 2020
With schools and retailers shut down across the country, imports this summer of back-to-school items and holiday season goods may be much lower than in prior years.
21 May 2020
The savings afforded by the safe harbor tax credit has US solar energy developers rethinking traditional project logistics processes, purchasing and importing materials much earlier in the construction cycle.
20 May 2020
Among the many questions facing the auto industry in 2020 is how to build resilience into supply chains centered on just-in-time (JIT) fulfillment strategies and lean manufacturing.
18 May 2020
Expectations for capacity, demand, and pricing across transportation modes in 2020 have been shattered by the COVID‑19 pandemic, resulting in recession.
13 May 2020
While other industries have seen massive increases or decreases in demand, food importers have been affected by an upheaval in consumption patterns and the channels through which end-consumers purchase food.
12 May 2020
US tariffs on electronics goods produced in China continue to push production and assembly of some electronics to Southeast Asia and Mexico, with the latter grabbing a growing share of laptop computers and televisions due to its proximity to the US market.
31 Mar 2020
The Federal Maritime Commission will engage stakeholders on how it can maintain cargo fluidity in the supply chain during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in a bid to avoid disruption.
19 Mar 2020
The 10-year US economic expansion is over, killed by the response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019), and the recovery will be slow, IHS Markit chief economist Nariman Behravesh warns.
19 Mar 2020
While truck activity is rampant for essential goods, US fashion footwear freight movement is slowing to a halt as department stores shut down, according to supply chain executives.
17 Mar 2020
The coronavirus is creating new opportunities for cargo thieves, and demands better “continuity planning” from businesses that ship freight, BSI says.
12 Mar 2020
In picking former Home Depot CFO Carol Tomé as CEO, UPS puts a former customer from retail e-commerce leader in the driver’s seat.
19 Sep 2019
What differentiates good shippers from bad ones? A Council of Supply Chain Management Conference panel discussed how the real conversation for shippers is internal, not external.
12 Sep 2019
Schneider National says it’s not worried about Amazon purchasing branded 53-foot containers because the intermodal provider believes only a small group of companies have the scale to insource.
19 Jun 2019
Despite a downturn in volume, freight shippers say intermodal remains a critical component of their supply chains even as technology is poised to lower truck costs.
03 Jun 2019
China has supplied nearly two-thirds of containerized US household goods imports for several years, but increased tariffs are likely to curtail volumes.
31 May 2019
Exports of containerized scrap products from the US have declined every year since 2014, bad news for ports and shipping lines that depend upon recyclables as reliable backhaul commodities.
31 May 2019
The US-China trade war is keeping shippers on edge, and will likely cause further shifts in the JOC.com annual Top 100 US Importers and Exporters rankings in 2019.
JOC Top 100 Importers and Exporters Ranking 2018
30 May 2019
Walmart remained atop the list of the largest US importers by volume last year and is nearing the 1 million-TEU mark, moving more than 7.3 times the volume of online retail giant Amazon, which came in at No. 12.
28 May 2019
Economists and shipping industry leaders warn the US-China trade war could be a potential tipping point for a global economy that was already cooling before President Donald Trump raised tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods.
27 May 2019
Despite strong expected consumer demand, uncertainty over the outcome of the US-China trade talks could reduce growth in US electronics imports in 2019, after 5.2 percent growth in 2018.
23 May 2019
The volume of chemicals exports from the United States will be shaped in 2019 by the resolution of the US-China trade war.
21 May 2019
Retail giants Walmart and Amazon have entered into conversations directly with Class I railroads to enter in service agreements, bucking the historical structure in which shippers are required to use intermediaries to procure space.
21 May 2019
Toys from China remain unaffected by tariffs, but shippers fear they could be impacted by future rounds of tariffs.
21 May 2019
The automotive trade is waiting with bated breath for any tariffs coming out of the US Commerce Department’s investigation into the potential national security implications of imports of vehicles and parts.
20 May 2019
Higher tariffs and slowing manufacturing growth are among the factors weighing on heavy machinery demand.
22 Apr 2019
US containerized imports from Asia dropped 0.5 percent year over year in the first quarter of 2019, after rising 15.5 percent in the fourth quarter, according to the PIERS data, a sister product of JOC.com within IHS Markit
16 Apr 2019
Ryder urges shippers to apply for expedited clearance to mitigate disruption from US-Mexico cross-border congestion as it adds equipment and builds out its truck yards and warehousing space near the border.
US Customs House, New York, NY.
13 Aug 2018
Importers may be unaware that they need to increase the level of the bond they must maintain with US Customs and Border Protection for duties due to be paid over a 12-month period.
Port of Long Beach.
09 Jul 2018
US importers plan to bring in record container volume this peak season, which will translate into an impressive 2018 year-end gain compared with 2017.
US imports.
22 May 2018
With a strong economy and fashion in vogue, US imports should be on the rise.
Top 100 US importers and exporters.
22 May 2018
A detailed look at JOC's Top 100 Importers and Exporters of 2017 by imports, exports, and industrial sector.
21 May 2018
In 2018, US importers and exporters will be greeted by the strongest international and domestic demand conditions in at least a half-decade. Still, uncertainty regarding tariffs and a tight US trucking market are obstacles that could dampen what many expect to be an impressive year for global trade.
19 Dec 2017
It is unclear whether Maersk's strategy regarding forwarders is a temporary tactical move or part of a broader push.

Commentary

Executive Editor Chris Brooks discusses what shippers are seeing, as revealed in recent surveys.