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2012 Rank
Port
Notes
Country
Website
2012
TEUs
2011
TEUs
%
Volume
Change
Notes
1
Shanghai
1, 2
China
www.portshanghai.com.cn
32.53
31.74
2.5%
Again surged ahead of Singapore for 2012 top ranking. Shanghai port is supported by three areas — Wusongkou, Waigaoqiao and the deep-water Yangshan. Gateway port for the Yangtze River Delta. Sixth year as public company. 
2
Singapore
1
Singapore
www.singaporepsa.com
www.jp.com.sg
www.internationalpsa.com
31.65
29.94
5.7%
World's busiest transshipment hub. PSA Singapore terminals handled 31.26 million TEUs in 2012, including 1.44 million reefer TEUs, while the Jurong port terminal handled 388,220 TEUs. PSA's global terminal operations, including Singapore, handled 60.06 million TEUs in 2012 in 29 ports and 17 countries. 
3
Hong Kong
1
China
www.mardep.gov.hk
23.12
24.38
-5.2%
Hong Kong held top rank from 1999 to 2004. Handled 10.7 million TEUs in first half 2012, tumbling from 11.8 million TEUs in first half 2011.
4
Shenzhen 
1, 2
China
www.szport.net
22.94
22.57
1.6%
Adjacent to Hong Kong and south of the Pearl River Delta in China’s Guangdong Province. Wal-Mart has its Asian headquarters and global procurement center in the special economic zone. Shenzhen includes Da Chan Bay, Yantian, Chiwan and Shekou. 
5
Busan
1
South Korea
www.busanpa.com
17.04
16.18
5.3%
Korea's top port is seeking to become Northeast Asia hub with a goal for transshipments to exceed 60 percent of its total trade volume. Last year, transshipments were 8.1 million TEUs. DP World is the largest shareholder of Busan New Port. 
6
Ningbo-Zhoushan
2
China
www.zhoushan.cn
www.nbport.com.cn
16.83
14.72
14.3%
Nearby and south of Shanghai, in the Yangtze River Delta in Zhejiang province, Ningbo-Zhoushan is the result of a 2005 port merger. Port operator Ningbo Port Group Co. is on  the Shanghai Stock Exchange. 
7
Guangzhou Harbor
2
China
www.gzport.com
www.gnict.com
14.74
14.42
2.2%
South China port at the estuary of the Pearl River in Guangdong province, near Hong Kong and Macau. Comprehensive port includes Nansha, Xinsha, Huangpu, and Inner Harbor areas. Direct Taiwan service began in March 2010.
8
Qingdao
2
China
www.qdport.com
14.50
13.02
11.4%
International transshipment and reefer specialty port located in the Shandong province in the Yellow River basin in eastern China. Port operator Qingdao Port (Group) Co. may list IPO in Hong Kong. 
9
Jebel Ali, Dubai
1
U.A.E.
www.dpworld.ae
www.dpworld.com
13.30
13.00
2.3%
Dubai is parent DP World's flagship facility. Increasing Jebel Ali capacity by 1 million TEUs in 2013 and investing in a new 4 million-TEU capacity terminal for 19 million-TEU operational capacity by 2014. Globally, DP World handled nearly 56.1 million TEUs in 2012 and 26.6 million TEUs in the first half of 2013.
10
Tianjin
2
China
www.tianjinportdev.com
12.30
11.59
6.1%
The largest port in North China is on the Haibe River Estuary, Bohai Bay. The artificial port serves 11 northern provinces and Mongolia. The Tianjin Binhai new area has more than  219 Fortune 500 company investment projects and seeks to be third economic regional growth driver after Shanghai and Shenzhen.
11
Rotterdam
1
Netherlands
www.portofrotterdam.com
www.maasvlakte2.com
11.87
11.88
-0.1%
Europe's largest container port by TEU volume grew 20 percent in land as the seawall at Maasvlakte 2 in the North Sea was completed last year. Both the APM terminal and the Rotterdam World Gateway terminal construction are under way with the first phase slated to be operational by the end of 2014. 
12
Port Klang 
1
Malaysia
www.pka.gov.my
www.westportsmalaysia.com
www.northport.com.my
10.00
9.60
4.1%
On the industrial west coast, the busiest Malaysian container port is a national load center and regional hub. Westports is expanding capacity to 11 million TEUs upon completion of terminal 7. Northport's new wharf 8A adds 600,000 TEUs and reaches 5.6 million-TEU capacity.
13
Kaohsiung
1
Taiwan
www.khb.gov.tw
9.78
9.64
1.5%
The southwestern coast port city is the largest city in southern Taiwan and has direct cross-Strait shippping opportunities with mainland China. Phase II of terminal 6 will be completed next year serving 15,000-TEU ships. The Intercontinental Container Terminal Phase II project to be completed by 2020.
14
Hamburg
1
Germany
www.hafen-hamburg.de
8.86
9.01
-1.7%
The port rail hub is the largest rail container-handling facility in Europe. More than 200 international and domestic rail connections serve the port daily by 90 different rail companies.
15
Antwerp
1
Belgium
www.portofantwerp.com
8.64
8.66
-0.3%
Landlord port on the River Scheldt. Work continues on a new left bank lock at the end of the Deurganck dock to provide the link to the sea between the Scheldt and the Waasland Canal and all other docks on the Left Bank. The new lock is scheduled to open in early 2016. 
16
Los Angeles
 
U.S.
www.portoflosangeles.org
8.08
7.94
1.7%
Busiest U.S. container port, having again overtaken Long Beach. The Los Angeles and Long Beach combined volume of 14.1 million TEUs would rank No. 9 in 2012 with year-over-year 0.9 percent growth. 
17
Dalian
2
China
www.dlport.cn
8.06
6.40
25.99%
At entrance of Bohai Bay, the northeastern Liaoning province deep-water port is listed on the Hong Kong and Shanghai exchanges. The group also owns the largest oil storage base in China and operates 19 oil/liquefied chemicals berths. 
18
Keihin ports
1
Japan
www.yokohamaport.co.jp
www.tptc.co.jp
www.kawasakiport.or.jp
7.85
7.64
2.8%
Japan's superport hub on Tokyo Bay unifies Yokohama, Kawasaki and Tokyo, Japan's largest container port.
19
Tanjung Pelepas
1
Malaysia
www.ptp.com.my
7.70
7.50
2.7%
On the straits of Johor, just north of Singapore, it is the second-largest container port in Malaysia. Began its operations in early 2000 as alternative to Singapore. In three-year modernization plan to be completed in mid-2014 for new berths to handle the biggest ships, including the Triple E Maersk ships. Serves Maersk and Evergreen as primary Southeast Asia hub. 
20
Xiamen
2
China
www.portxiamen.cn
7.20
6.47
11.4%
Southeastern port on the Jiulongjiang River estuary in the Fujian Province is the closest mainland port to Taiwan and positioned for cross-straits trade. Opened to FDI in the 1980's. XIPC was the first port operator stock listing in Hong Kong. 
21
Bremen
Bremerhaven
1
Germany
www.bremen-ports.de
www.jadeweserport.de
6.12
5.92
3.4%
Consulting with Iceland on their "Artic route" Finna Fjord port contruction project. Bremen-Bremerhaven have 49.9 percent holding in the only German deep-water port, JadeWeserPort in Wilhelmshaven and Lower Saxony. 
22
Tanjung Priok, Jakarta
 
Indonesia
www.indonesiaport.co.id 
6.10
5.62
8.6%
Indonesia's state-owned port operator now known as IPC, Indonesia Port Corp. will extend its space-constrained Tanjung Priok terminal. MOL is the first partner selected to build and operate a new terminal at New Priok or Kalibaru in Jakarta. HPH owns 51 percent of nearby JICT, the largest container terminal in Indonesia. HPH to invest $100 million to expand and join the JICT and Koja terminals.  
23
Long Beach
 
U.S.
www.polb.com
6.05
6.06
-0.3%
Second-busiest U.S. container port after Los Angeles. The Los Angeles and Long Beach combined volume of 14.1 million TEUs would globally rank No. 9 in 2012 with year-over-year 0.9 percent growth. 
24
Laem Chabang
1
Thailand
www.laemchabangport.com
www.thaibsaa.com
5.93
5.73
3.4%
Eastern Thai landlord port seeks Southeast Asia hub status as deep-water port serving super-post Panamax vessels.  
25
New York-New Jersey
 
U.S.
www.panynj.gov
5.53
5.50
0.5%
A landlord port and North America's busiest East coast port. Strives to expedite construction timeline for the raising of the Bayonne Bridge roadway 64 feet in air draft prior to the widening of the Panama Canal. 
26
Ho Chi Minh
 
Vietnam
www.vpa.org.vn
5.19
4.53
14.4%
Vietnam joined the WTO in January 2007. U.S. retailers now sourcing consumer goods with carriers offering direct U.S. sailings. Under government orders, the industry is continuing to move congested urban HCMC/Saigon terminal facilities to facilitate overall southern gateway port network systems, which this volume includes.
27
Lianyungung
2
China
www.lyg.gov.cn
5.02
4.85
3.5%
In eastern coastal Jiangsu province. The Longhai Railway starts at Lianyungang, and connects through Russia to Europe— known as the new Asian-European continent corridor.
28
Hanshin ports
1
Japan
www.pa.kkr.mlit.go.jp 
www.osakaport.co.jp
5.00
4.80
4.1%
Japan's Hanshin superport hub on Osaka Bay unifies Kobe, Osaka and Sakai-Senboku.
29
Yingkou
2
China
www.ykport.com.cn
4.85
4.03
20.3%
In the middle of the Liaondong Peninsula, port includes the Yingkou Old Port and Bayuquan New Port that is close to the sea from both inner Mongolia and Northeast China. Cosco in joint venture container terminal with the port authority.
30
Jeddah
 
Saudi Arabia
www.ports.gov.sa
4.74
4.01
18.1%
The majority of Saudi Arabian container throughput goes through this Red Sea coastal port. The port facilities are privatized.
31
Valencia
1
Spain
www.valenciaport.com
4.47
4.33
3.3%
Highest container traffic in Spain. Includes Valencia, Sagunto and Gandia ports. Seeks to be the main deep-sea gateway on the Iberian peninsula for the Americas and the Far East.
32
Colombo
1, 5
Sri Lanka
www.cict.lk
www.slpa.lk
4.26
4.26
2012 n.a.
2012 results not available. An island 20 miles off India's southern coast. A joint venture with China Merchants garners the port a 15 percent share in the first terminal in South Harbor, the Colombo International Container Terminal (CICT) under 35-year BOT terms. CICT began operations in early August and plans completion in April 2014.
33
Jawaharlal Nehru
3
India
www.jnport.com
4.26
4.32
-1.4%
A state-owned port trust on India's west coast. In the last fiscal year ending March 2013, the port terminals, including the JN Port terminal, Nhava Sheva, and Gateway Terminals that is majority owned by APM Terminals, altogether handled 55.3 percent of India's 7.8 million-TEU volume. 
34
Algeciras Bay 
1
Spain
www.apba.es
4.07
3.60
13.0%
Near Gibraltar, Algeciras is central to both East/West and North/South trade lanes and Suez Canal users. Hanjin Shipping's first terminal in the Mediterranean is on the Outer Isla Verde Quay. 
35
Sharjah
 
U.A.E.
www.sharjahports.ae
www.gulftainer.com
4.00
3.23
23.7%
Gulftainer is a private port operator on behalf of the port authority for the Sharjah, Port Khalid, Khorfakkan container terminals/inland container and warehousing depot. Owns 3PL Momentum. Also operates other global ports and terminals.
36
Felixstowe
1, 4
U.K.
www.portoffelixstowe.co.uk
3.95
3.74
5.6%
Felixstowe South is the U.K.'s first deep-water port container terminal. The largest U.K. container port is a member of Hutchison Ports as are nearby Thamesport and Harwich; altogether HPH tallies 320 berths in 52 ports worldwide. 
37
Port Said
5
Egypt
www.scctportsaid.com
www.pscchc.com
www.mts.gov.eg
www.emdb.gov.eg
3.91
3.91
2012 n.a.
2012 results not available. Port Said East is the transshipment hub for the East Mediterranean at the north entrance to the Suez Canal. APM Terminals, the terminal operator, has 55 percent holdings in SCCT; Cosco Pacific, 20 percent;  and Suez Canal Authority, 10 percent, among others. Port Said West is a subsidiary of  the Holding Co. for Land & Maritime Transport.
38
Manila
 
Philippines
www.ppa.com.ph
3.71
3.46
7.1%
ICTSI won the Manila International Container Terminal  25+25 concession in 1988 — the first privatization of a Philippines port. The first Subic Bay Freeport container terminal opened from the private sector is operated by a unit of ICTSI and helps allieviate Manila conjestion while serving post-Panamax ships.
39
Salalah
1
Oman
www.salalahport.com
3.63
3.20
13.5%
The public-private partnership, Salalah Port Services Co., SAOG, is a 30-year port authority concession begun in 2000. The two largest stockholders are A.P. Moller-Maersk Group with 30 percent, and the Omani government, 20 percent. A two-berth terminal 50:50 joint venture with NOL/APL began in 2010.
40
Colon
1
Panama
cct-pa.com
www.ppc.com.pa
3.52
3.37
4.4%
On the Atlantic side of the Panama Canal, the Colon port cluster includes Evergreen's Colon Container Ternimal, SSA Marine's Manzanillo International Terminal and the HPH Cristobal port terminal. 
41
Balboa
1
Panama
www.ppc.com.pa
3.30
3.23
2.2%
On the Pacific end of Panama, a hub for cargo from the west coast of South America and the Caribbean. A center for the repositioning of empty containers. A member of Hutchison Port Holdings.
42
Santos
1
Brazil
www.portodesantos.com
3.17
2.99
6.2%
Brazil's largest container port working to boost capacity to 9 million TEUs by 2014. The DP World, Odebrecht, and Coimex backed Embraport private terminal opened recently. The APM Terminals/TIL 50/50 joint venture recently received licensing for their new terminal that should open after dredging is completed. Bridge and tunnel options are also being considered to relieve port access congestion and chronic ship backlog. 
43
Ambarli
 
Turkey
www.altasliman.com
3.10
2.69
15.3%
Located on the European side of the Marmara region, The ALTAŞ Ambarlı Port Facilities Trade Co. oversees Turkey's largest private port.
44
Georgia Ports
 
U.S.
www.gaports.com
2.97
2.94
0.7%
Second-busiest U.S. East Coast container port. The Savannah harbor expansion project is advancing. In bi-state port authority arrangement with South Carolina Ports Authority for an ocean terminal on the Savannah River in Jasper County, S.C. 
45
Nagoya
1
Japan
www.port-of-nagoya.jp
2.87
2.62
9.5%
The Japan automobile industry capital has five operational container terminals. A third berth at Nabeta Pier became operational in 2012. Nagoya results include Yokkaichi alliance results. 
46
Tanjung Perak, Surabaya
 
Indonesia
www.tps.co.id
www.indonesiaport.co.id
www.perakport.co.id
2.85
2.64
7.8%
In Surabaya, East Java, it is the second-largest container port in Indonesia after Tanjung Priok, Jakarta. Plans to connect with Ende and Kalabahi ports in East Nusa Tenggara and Badas port in West Nusa Tenggara in late 2013.
47
Gioia Tauro
1
Italy
www.portodigioiatauro.it
2.72
2.30
18.5%
Calabrian feeder and transshipment port in the Mediterranean. The APM Terminals, MSC and Contship Italia consortium at MedCenter container terminal has promised IT and equipment investment if the port can hit 3.6 million-TEU throughput in 2014. Volume was 3.5 million TEUs in 2008.
48
Metro Vancouver, B.C.
1
Canada
www.portmetrovancouver.com
2.71
2.51
8.2%
The Vancouver Frasier Port Authority is branded as Port Metro Vancouver. This self-sustaining deep-water port is the largest Canadian container port. In the first half of 2013, port volume was up 3 percent year-over-year to 1.34 million TEUs.
49
Melbourne
 
Australia
www.portofmelbourne.com
2.60
2.51
3.7%
Australia's largest container port. Investing A$1.2 billion in a new container terminal at Webb dock and to improve infrastructure at Swanson dock in advance of the Hastings container port's development operational date in 10 to 15 years.  
50
Durban 
1,2
South Africa
www.transnetnationalportsauthority.net
2.59
2.71
-4.6%
Busiest container port in Africa handling the majority of South Africa's container cargo.

Global port throughput, 2012 vs. 2011, in millions of TEUs
The JOC Top 50 World Container Ports 2012 ranking calendar year totaled 410.2 million TEUS, an increase of 4.7 percent above 2011 TEU results of 391.9 million TEUs.
Notes:
1: Port participates in the Container Security Initiative of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Fifty-eight foreign ports are currently in the CSI program. They include: In the Americas and Caribbean: Montreal, Vancouver and Halifax, Canada; Santos, Brazil; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Puerto Cortes, Honduras; Caucedo, Dominican Republic; Kingston, Jamaica; Freeport, The Bahamas; Balboa, Colón and Manzanillo, Panama; Cartagena, Colombia. In Europe: Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Bremerhaven and Hamburg, Germany; Antwerp and Zeebrugge, Belgium; Le Havre and Marseilles, France; Gothenburg, Sweden; La Spezia, Genoa, Naples, Gioia Tauro, and Livorno, Italy; Felixstowe, Liverpool, Thamesport, Tilbury, and Southampton, United Kingdom; Piraeus, Greece; Algeciras, Barcelona, and Valencia, Spain; Lisbon, Portugal. In Asia and the Middle East: Singapore; Yokohama, Tokyo, Nagoya and Kobe, Japan; Hong Kong; Busan, South Korea; Port Klang and Tanjung Pelepas, Malaysia; Laem Chabang, Thailand; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Shenzhen and Shanghai, Mainland China; Kaohsiung and Keelung, Taiwan; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Port Salalah, Oman; Port Qasim, Pakistan; Ashdod and Haifa, Israel.
2: All mainland China volumes are derived from www.portcontainer.cn
3: Expressed in fiscal year April 2011-March 2012 and April 2012-March 2013.
4: Includes HPH operated ports of Felixstowe, Thamesport and Harwich.
5: No Egyptian or Sri Lankan 2012 port data currently available. Ranked according to 2011 results.

Compiled by Marsha Salisbury, JOC research editor, msalisbury@joc.com, 973-776-7828.
Sources: Port reports and other information.