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Port of Veracruz.

Top 25 North American port growth in 2017 does not in and of itself prove that a broad-based, regional economic expansion is underway, but it is a telling statistic. (Above: the Port of Veracruz, Mexico.) Photo credit: Shutterstock.com.


Double-digit import growth through the ports of HalifaxVeracruz, and Altamira helped Canadian and Mexican ports in 2017 outpace the growth of their United States counterparts.

Total volume through Mexican ports within the Top 25 of North America rose 11.6 percent year-over-year to 4.3 million TEU, followed by the 10.6 percent increase at Canadian ports to 5.4 million TEU, and the 5 percent increase to 33.8 million TEU at US ports.

Mexico led export growth; Canada, import growth

Mexican ports led the Top 25 in export growth, with a 10.6 percent year-over-year increase to 1.7 million TEU. Export volume at US ports grew 5.5 percent to 12.1 million TEU, and exports through Canadian ports rose 5 percent to 2.2 million TEU.

Canadian ports led the Top 25 in import growth. Volume rose 14 percent year-over-year to 3.2 million TEU, followed by the 9.7 percent expansion to 2.6 million TEU at Mexican ports, and the 7.4 percent increase in volume at US ports to 21.7 million TEU.

Halifax’s 39.5 percent increase was the largest among Top 25 North American export ports, followed by Veracruz’s 27.3 percent, and New Orleans’ 13.5 percent. At 49.8 percent, Halifax was also the largest import port, followed by Houston at 20.1 percent, and Altamira’s 18.9 percent.

Veracruz’s 27.3 percent increase in export volume to 344,732 TEU drove the export growth among members of the Top 25 in Mexico, as did the 12 percent increase at Altamira to 340,489 TEU. Altamira’s 18.9 percent increase to 308,599 TEU led the growth in imports, followed by Veracruz, where import volume was up 12.7 percent to 512,249 TEU.

The 39.5 percent year-over-year jump in export volume to 279,640 TEU at Halifax powered the export growth among Canada’s members of the Top 25, offsetting the decline of 0.2 percent to 165,943 TEU at Prince Rupert, and the flat growth of 0.1 percent at Vancouver, where volume totaled 1.1 million TEU.

Prince Rupert’s 19.9 percent increase in import volume led import growth among Canada’s members of the Top 25, followed by the 11.4 percent increase at Vancouver to 1.7 million TEU.

US Gulf Coast — a strong 2017

Gulf Coast ports propelled growth for US export and imports in 2017. New Orleans and Mobile led US export growth among the Top 25, as New Orleans exports rose 13.5 percent to 296,439 TEU, and Mobile’s export volume rose 12.7 percent to 132,478. On the import side, Houston’s  volume rose 20.1 percent to 1.1 million TEU, and Mobile’s rose 17.4 percent to 118.097 TEU. Long Beach’s 11.8 percent increase to 3.8 million TEU was also a major driver of US import growth.

Strong growth at most ports kept the rankings in 2017 largely intact from 2016, but the most notable movement was Savannah’s surpassing Long Beach to become the No. 3 North American export port.

No. 16 Veracruz moved up one spot past Altamira, while Halifax jumped two spots to No. 19, with growth surpassing that of Baltimore and Lazaro Cardenas.

The biggest movement on the import side was Wilmington, North Carolina, falling off the Top 25 ranking as it was unable to make up for business lost after the collapse of Hanjin Shipping, allowing the Port of New Orleans to take the No. 25 spot.

Reflecting the strong import performance of Mexican and Canadian ports, Manzanillo moved past the Port of Virginia to No. 7, while Prince Rupert moved up to No. 15, making Veracruz No. 16.

 

THE JOC TOP 25 NORTH AMERICA CONTAINER PORTS
INBOUND
Ranked by 2016 laden TEUs
Leading the North America inbound container trade in 2017 were the Southern California ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach with a combined volume of 8.4 million TEU, rising 6.6 percent year-over-year while representing 29.2 percent of the overall North America inbound container trade.
The JOC Top 25 container inbound ports in North America in 2017 represented 96.1 percent or 27.5 million TEU of the 28.6 million TEU in the total North America inbound laden container trade. The total volume of these top 25 inbound ports in 2017 increased 8.3 percent year-over-year, ahead of the 6.3 percent growth of all inbound ports in North America. Among these top 25 inbound ports in 2017, 17 were US ports; 4 Canada ports; and 4 Mexico ports. By market share, among these top 25 inbound ports, US ports led with 75.8 percent of the total North America trade, Canada held an 11.1 percent share and Mexico held a 9.2 percent share.

 

2017
Rank
North American PortLocationCoastWebsite2017 North
America Market
Share
20162017YOY
% change
1 Los Angeles Calif. West www.portoflosangeles.org 16.0% 4,472,793 4,589,485 2.6%
2 Long Beach Calif. West www.polb.com 13.2% 3,391,793 3,791,930 11.8%
3 New York-New Jersey N.Y.-N.J. East www.panynj.gov 11.9% 3,182,931 3,402,126 6.9%
4 Georgia ports Ga. East www.gaports.com 6.5% 1,662,310 1,862,955 12.1%
5 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada West www.portmetrovancouver.com 5.9% 1,505,942 1,677,800 11.4%
6 Seattle-Tacoma* Wash. West www.nwseaportalliance.com 4.8% 1,398,711 1,372,551 -1.9%
7 Manzanillo Mexico West www.puertomanzanillo.com.mx 4.3% 1,138,674 1,236,492 8.6%
8 Virginia ports Va. East www.portofvirginia.com 4.3% 1,150,424 1,233,279 7.2%
9 Houston Texas Gulf www.portofhouston.com 3.7% 892,036 1,071,653 20.1%
10 South Carolina ports S.C. East www.scspa.com 3.3% 882,761 946,779 7.3%
11 Oakland Calif. West www.portofoakland.com 3.1% 855,410 879,665 2.8%
12 Montreal, Quebec Canada East www.port-montreal.com 2.5% 664,470 702,783 5.8%
13 Delaware River ports** Del.- N.J.-Pa. East www.philaport.com www.portofwilmington.com 2.2% 528,226 622,877 17.9%
14 Lazaro Cardenas Mexico West www.puertolazarocardenas.com.mx 2.0% 524,293 564,146 7.6%
15 Prince Rupert, British Columbia Canada West www.rupertport.com 1.8% 437,124 523,979 19.9%
16 Veracruz Mexico Gulf www.puertodeveracruz.com.mx 1.8% 454,599 512,249 12.7%
17 Baltimore Md. East www.mpa.maryland.gov 1.6% 422,994 468,100 10.7%
18 Miami Fla. East www.miamidade.gov/portofmiami 1.5% 417,492 418,397 0.2%
19 Port Everglades Fla. East www.porteverglades.net 1.2% 336,823 357,425 6.1%
20 Jacksonville Fla. East www.jaxport.com 1.1% 294,142 322,876 9.8%
21 Altamira Mexico Gulf www.puertoaltamira.com.mx 1.1% 259,637 308,599 18.9%
22 Halifax, Nova Scotia*** Canada East www.portofhalifax.ca 1.0% 186,643 279,602 49.8%
23 Boston Mass. East www.massport.com 0.5% 120,887 132,399 9.5%
24 Mobile Al. Gulf www.asdd.com 0.4% 100,574 118,097 17.4%
25 New Orleans La. Gulf www.portno.com 0.4% 111,613 110,000 -1.4%

TOTAL TOP 25 PORTS IN NORTH AMERICA, INBOUND TRADE 96.1% 25,393,302 27,506,244 8.3%
Total U.S. ports in Top 25, Inbound Trade 75.8% 20,210,170 21,700,594 7.4%
Total Canada ports in Top 25, Inbound Trade 11.1% 2,794,179 3,184,164 14.0%
Total Mexico ports in Top 25, Inbound Trade 9.2% 2,388,953 2,621,486 9.7%

TOTAL ALL NORTH AMERICAN PORTS, INBOUND TRADE 100.0% 26,939,119 28,636,676 6.3%
Total all U.S. ports, Inbound Trade 80.1% 21,523,675 22,925,814 6.5%
Total all Canada ports, Inbound Trade 10.2% 2,906,216 2,934,917 1.0%
Total all Mexico ports, Inbound Trade 9.7% 2,509,228 2,775,945 10.6%
Ranking includes container ports in Canada, Mexico and the United States, omitting ports in U.S. territories and possessions. US TEU count includes all international containerized oceanborne cargo loading at US ports. Lakes cargo data as available.
*Results are combined to reflect the results of Seattle and Tacoma, members of The Northwest Seaport Alliance.
**Halifax laden volume calculated from available throughput volume and history.
***Delaware River ports include Wilmington, Delaware; Camden, Gloucester, Pennsauken, Salem, New Jersey; Chester, Marcus Hook, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Compiled by Dustin Braden, Data Analyst, dustin.braden@ihsmarkit.com, 646 679 3450 Ext: 2123450.
Sources: Mexico — Ministry of Communications and Transportation, http://www.sct.gob.mx/fileadmin/CGPMM/U_DGP/estadisticas/2016/Mensuales/12_diciembre_2016.pdf (preliminary); Canada — Ports, websites; US — PIERS, www.piers.com, a sister product of The Journal of Commerce within IHS Markit.

THE JOC TOP 25 NORTH AMERICA CONTAINER PORTS

OUTBOUND
Ranked by 2017 laden TEU
Leading the North America outbound container trade in 2017 were the Southern California ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach with a combined volume of 2.8 million TEU, a decrease of 3 percent year-over-year, representing 16.9 percent of the overall North America outbound container trade.
The JOC Top 25 container outbound ports in North America in 2017 represented 96.2 percent or 16 million TEU of the 16.6 million TEU in the total North America outbound laden container trade. The total volume of these top 25 outbound ports in 2017 rose 2.9 percent year over year, ahead of the total North America outbound trade's growth of 2.6 percent. Among these top 25 outbound ports in 2017, 17 were US ports; 4 Canadian ports; and 4 Mexico ports. By market share, among these top 25 outbound ports, US ports led with 75.8 percent of the total North America trade, Canada held a 13.7 percent share, and Mexico held a 10.4 percent share.

 

2017
Rank
North American PortLocationCoastWebsite2017 North
America Market
Share
20162017YOY
% change
1 Los Angeles Calif. West www.portoflosangeles.org 9.6% 1,625,151 1,598,710 -1.6%
2 New York-New Jersey N.Y.-N.J. East www.panynj.gov 8.2% 1,300,295 1,364,839 5.0%
3 Georgia ports Ga. East www.gaports.com 7.8% 1,225,855 1,299,898 6.0%
4 Long Beach Calif. West www.polb.com 7.3% 1,277,474 1,217,325 -4.7%
5 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada West www.portmetrovancouver.com 6.6% 1,100,686 1,101,645 0.1%
6 Virginia ports Va. East www.portofvirginia.com 5.8% 933,675 955,887 2.4%
7 Houston Texas Gulf www.portofhouston.com 5.7% 916,492 946,564 3.3%
8 Seattle-Tacoma* Wash. West www.nwseaportalliance.com 5.4% 951,605 892,898 -6.2%
9 Oakland Calif. West www.portofoakland.com 4.7% 810,661 786,261 -3.0%
10 South Carolina ports S.C. East www.scspa.com 4.7% 727,994 778,994 7.0%
11 Manzanillo Mexico West www.puertomanzanillo.com.mx 4.7% 713,486 773,876 8.5%
12 Montreal, Quebec Canada East www.port-montreal.com 3.9% 603,523 649,125 7.6%
13 Jacksonville Fla. East www.jaxport.com 3.0% 476,255 494,521 3.8%
14 Port Everglades Fla. East www.porteverglades.net 2.6% 417,871 434,424 4.0%
15 Miami Fla. East www.miamidade.gov/portofmiami 2.1% 361,042 349,626 -3.2%
16 Veracruz Mexico Gulf www.puertodeveracruz.com.mx 2.1% 270,754 344,732 27.3%
17 Altamira Mexico Gulf www.puertoaltamira.com.mx 2.1% 303,934 340,489 12.0%
18 New Orleans La. Gulf www.portno.com 1.8% 261,260 296,439 13.5%
19 Halifax, Nova Scotia** Canada East www.portofhalifax.ca 1.7% 200,434 279,640 39.5%
20 Baltimore Md. East www.mpa.maryland.gov 1.4% 225,776 234,797 4.0%
21 Lazaro Cardenas Mexico West www.puertolazarocardenas.com.mx 1.3% 220,863 209,541 -5.1%
22 Delaware River ports*** Del.- N.J.-Pa. East www.philaport.com www.portofwilmington.com 1.2% 186,754 191,587 2.6%
23 Prince Rupert, British Columbia Canada West www.rupertport.com 1.0% 166,291 165,943 -0.2%
24 Palm Beach Fla. East www.portofpalmbeach.com 0.8% 128,860 135,279 5.0%
25 Mobile Al. Gulf www.asdd.com 0.8% 117,520 132,478 12.7%

TOTAL TOP 25 PORTS IN NORTH AMERICA, OUTBOUND TRADE 96.2% 15,524,512 15,975,518 2.9%
Total U.S. ports in Top 25, Outbound Trade 75.8% 11,481,151 12,110,527 5.5%
Total Canada ports in Top 25, Outbound Trade 13.7% 2,091,363 2,196,353 5.0%
Total Mexico ports in Top 25, Outbound Trade 10.4% 1,509,037 1,668,638 10.6%

TOTAL ALL NORTH AMERICAN PORTS, OUTBOUND TRADE 100.0% 16,178,651 16,605,790 2.6%
Total all U.S. ports, Outbound Trade 75.6% 12,378,979 12,546,207 1.4%
Total all Canada ports, Outbound Trade 13.4% 2,186,042 2,225,054 1.8%
Total all Mexico ports, Outbound Trade 11.0% 1,613,630 1,834,529 13.7%
Ranking includes container ports in Canada, Mexico and the United States, omitting ports in U.S. territories and possessions. US TEU count includes all international containerized oceanborne cargo loading at US ports. Lakes cargo data as available.
*Results are combined to reflect the results of Seattle and Tacoma, members of The Northwest Seaport Alliance.
**Halifax laden volume calculated from available throughput volume and history.
***Delaware River ports include Wilmington, Delaware; Camden, Gloucester, Pennsauken, Salem, New Jersey; Chester, Marcus Hook, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Compiled by Dustin Braden, Data Analyst, dustin.braden@ihsmarkit.com, 646 679 3450 Ext: 2123450.
Sources: Mexico — Ministry of Communications and Transportation, http://www.sct.gob.mx/fileadmin/CGPMM/U_DGP/estadisticas/2016/Mensuales/12_diciembre_2016.pdf (preliminary); Canada — Ports, websites; US — PIERS, www.piers.com, a sister product of The Journal of Commerce within IHS Markit.
THE JOC TOP 25 NORTH AMERICA CONTAINER PORTS
COMBINED INBOUND AND OUTBOUND
Ranked by 2017 laden TEU
Leading the North America combined outbound and inbound container trade in 2017 were the Southern California ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach with a combined volume of 11.2 million laden TEU, rising 4 percent year-over-year while representing 24.6 percent of the overall North America container trade.
The JOC Top 25 container ports in North America in 2017 represented 95.5 percent or 43.4 million TEU of the 45.5 million TEU in the total North America outbound and inbound laden container trade. The total volume of these top 25 ports in 2017 increased 6.2 percent year-over-year, ahead of the 5.5 percent growth of all ports in North America. Among these top 25 ports in 2017, 17 were US ports; 4 Canada ports; and 4 Mexico ports. By market share, among these top 25 ports in 2017, US ports led with 74.3 percent of the total North America trade, Canada held an 11.8 percent share and Mexico garnered a 9.3 percent share.

 

2017
Rank
North American PortLocationCoastWebsite2017 North
America Market
Share
20162017YOY
% change
1 Los Angeles Calif. West www.portoflosangeles.org 13.6% 6,097,945 6,188,195 1.5%
2 Long Beach Calif. West www.polb.com 11.0% 4,669,267 5,009,255 7.3%
3 New York-New Jersey N.Y.-N.J. East www.panynj.gov 10.5% 4,483,226 4,766,965 6.3%
4 Georgia ports Ga. East www.gaports.com 7.0% 2,888,165 3,162,853 9.5%
5 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada West www.portmetrovancouver.com 6.1% 2,606,628 2,779,445 6.6%
6 Seattle-Tacoma* Wash. West www.nwseaportalliance.com 5.0% 2,350,316 2,265,449 -3.6%
7 Virginia ports Va. East www.portofvirginia.com 4.8% 2,084,099 2,189,166 5.0%
8 Houston Texas Gulf www.portofhouston.com 4.4% 1,808,528 2,018,218 11.6%
9 Manzanillo Mexico West www.puertomanzanillo.com.mx 4.4% 1,852,160 2,010,368 8.5%
10 South Carolina ports S.C. East www.scspa.com 3.8% 1,610,755 1,725,773 7.1%
11 Oakland Calif. West www.portofoakland.com 3.7% 1,666,071 1,665,926 0.0%
12 Montreal, Quebec Canada East www.port-montreal.com 3.0% 1,267,993 1,351,908 6.6%
13 Veracruz Mexico Gulf www.puertodeveracruz.com.mx 1.9% 725,353 856,981 18.1%
14 Jacksonville Fla. East www.jaxport.com 1.8% 770,397 817,397 6.1%
15 Delaware River ports** Del.-N.J.-Pa. East www.philaport.com www.portofwilmington.com 1.8% 714,980 814,464 13.9%
16 Port Everglades Fla. East www.porteverglades.net 1.7% 754,694 791,849 4.9%
17 Lazaro Cardenas Mexico West www.puertolazarocardenas.com.mx 1.7% 745,156 773,687 3.8%
18 Miami Fla. East www.miamidade.gov/portofmiami 1.7% 778,534 768,023 -1.4%
19 Baltimore Md. East www.mpa.maryland.gov 1.5% 648,770 702,897 8.3%
20 Prince Rupert, British Columbia Canada West www.rupertport.com 1.5% 603,415 689,923 14.3%
21 Altamira Mexico Gulf www.puertoaltamira.com.mx 1.4% 563,571 649,088 15.2%
22 Halifax, Nova Scotia*** Canada East www.portofhalifax.ca 1.2% 387,077 559,242 44.5%
23 New Orleans La. Gulf www.portno.com 0.9% 372,873 406,439 9.0%
24 Mobile Al. Gulf www.asdd.com 0.6% 218,089 250,575 14.9%
25 Boston Mass. East www.massport.com 0.5% 205,365 211,193 2.8%

TOTAL TOP 25 PORTS in NORTH AMERICA, Total Trade 95.5% 40,873,427 43,425,279 6.2%
Total U.S. ports in Top 25, Total Trade 74.2% 32,136,365 33,754,637 5.0%
Total Canada ports in Top 25, Total Trade 11.8% 4,865,113 5,380,518 10.6%
Total Mexico ports in Top 25, Total Trade 9.4% 3,842,608 4,290,124 11.6%

TOTAL ALL NORTH AMERICAN PORTS, TOTAL TRADE 100.0% 43,117,780 45,491,714 5.5%
Total all U.S. ports, Total Trade 78.0% 33,902,654 35,472,021 4.6%
Total all Canada ports, Total Trade 11.9% 5,092,268 5,409,219 6.2%
Total all Mexico port, Total Trade 10.1% 4,122,858 4,610,474 11.8%
Ranking includes container ports in Canada, Mexico and the United States, omitting ports in U.S. territories and possessions. US TEU count includes all international containerized oceanborne cargo loading at US ports. Lakes cargo data as available.
*Results are combined to reflect the results of Seattle and Tacoma, members of The Northwest Seaport Alliance.
**Halifax laden volume calculated from available throughput volume and history.
***Delaware River ports include Wilmington, Delaware; Camden, Gloucester, Pennsauken, Salem, New Jersey; Chester, Marcus Hook, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Compiled by Dustin Braden, Data Analyst, dustin.braden@ihsmarkit.com, 646 679 3450 Ext: 2123450.
Sources: Mexico — Ministry of Communications and Transportation, http://www.sct.gob.mx/fileadmin/CGPMM/U_DGP/estadisticas/2016/Mensuales/12_diciembre_2016.pdf (preliminary); Canada — Ports, websites; US — PIERS, www.piers.com, a sister product of The Journal of Commerce within IHS Markit.

Contact Dustin Braden at dustin.braden@ihsmarkit.com and follow him on Twitter: @dustin_joc.