JOC TOP 100 IMPORTERS in 2014: U.S. FOREIGN TRADE VIA OCEAN CONTAINER TRANSPORT
        
 2014 RankJOC Top 100 ImportersTEUs in 2014HeadquartersSector Notes
 1Wal-Mart Stores775,400Bentonville, Ark.Retail Held a U.S. Manufacturing Summit in August 2013 with 500 suppliers. Committed to spend additional $50 billion for more U.S. products over 10 years.
 2Target521,300MinneapolisRetail Has 1,795 stores in the U.S. and 38 distribution centers.
 3Home Depot342,400AtlantaRetail Operates 2,269 retail stores, including 1,977 stores in the U.S., Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, Canada and Mexico.
 4Lowe's249,000Mooresville, N.C.Retail Lowe's has more than 1,840 home improvement and hardware stores serving 15 million customers a week in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
 5Dole Food199,600Westlake Village, Calif.Diversified Global producer and marketer of high-quality fresh fruit and fresh vegetables in April 2013 sold Itochu worldwide packaged foods and certain fresh businesses in Asia while retaining a smaller fresh fruit and vegetable portfolio.
 6Sears Holding179,000Hoffman Estates, Ill.Retail-Consumer Goods Operating parent of Kmart and Sears since 2005. Operates 1,700 stores in U.S. and Canada and closed 234 underperforming stores in 2014. Spun off Land's End in 2014, but kept its shops in Sears stores. Among its brands are Kenmore, Craftsman, DieHard, Kardashian Kollection, Joe Boxer and Sandra by Sandra Lee.
 7Chiquita Brands International171,000Charlotte, N.C..Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Operates Great White Fleet liner services. Moved port call from Gulfport, Mississippi, to New Orleans after nearly a 40-year hiatus.
 8Heineken USA149,700White Plains, N.Y.Beverages Operates in more than 70 countries and 160 breweries. Offers more than 200 specialty beers and ciders, including Heineken, Amstel and Fosters. 
 9Samsung America147,400Ridgefield Park, N.J.Conglomerate Member of Samsung Group of Korea. Global flagship unit is electronics. U.S. divisions include electronics, enterprise, telecommunications and semiconductors.
 10Family Dollar Stores/Dollar Tree135,100Matthews, N.C., Chesapeake, Va.Retail After 10 months, the $8.5 billion acquisition by Dollar Tree of the Family Dollar chain should close by June. The duo operates 13,000 discount variety retail stores in the U.S. and Canada under their names and also Deal$, Dollar Tree Deal$, Dollar Giant and Dollar Bills.
 11Ikea International132,700Conshohocken, Pa.Retail Owned by the Stichting INGKA Foundation, the group has 315 stores in 27 countries, including 51 in North America. Has 1,002 suppliers in 51 countries.
 12Philips Electronics North America127,300Andover, Mass.Electronics Subsidiary of Dutch company Royal Phillips Electronics. Three divisions — health care, lighting and consumer lifestyle electronics.
 13LG Group127,200Englewood Cliffs, N.J.Conglomerate South Korea industrial group. Major business units are chemicals, electronics/home appliances and telecommunications. Made the first radio in Korea in 1959. Formerly known as Lucky Goldstar.
 14Costco Wholesale118,300Issaquah, Wash.Retail Operates 652 warehouses, including 463 in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, 87 in Canada, 33 in Mexico, 25 in the U.K., 19 in Japan, 10 in Taiwan, 10 in Korea and five in Australia.
 15Nike103,700Beaverton, Ore.Footwear & Apparel Sells footwear, apparel, equipment and accessory products worldwide.
 16Jarden101,400Boca Raton, Fla.Outdoor & Home Goods Supplies penny blanks to U.S. Mint. Brands include Ball Jars, Yankee Candle, First Alert, Mr. Coffee, Sunbeam, Oster, Crock-Pot, Pine Mountain Fire Logs and Coleman. $8.3 billion in 2014 net sales.
 17J.C. Penney95,900Plano, TexasRetail Has 1,020 apparel and home furnishings stores in U.S. and Puerto Rico. Adding more Sephora shops among the stores.
 18General Electric84,000Fairfield, Conn.Conglomerate Diversified global infrastructure and finance firm. More than half of its revenue has been generated outside the United States.
 19Ashley Furniture Industries77,900Arcadia, Wis.Furniture Private manufacturer and distributor to licensed Ashley Furniture Home Stores and to dealers.
 20Red Bull North America76,300Santa Monica, Calif.Beverages Private Austrian company with high-caffeine energy drink Owns U.S. Red Bull soccer team and Newark, New Jersey, soccer stadium.
 21Whirlpool70,500Benton Harbor, Mich.Appliances Whirlpool, Maytag, KitchenAid, Jenn-Air, and Amana brands sold primarily to retailers, distributors and builders. To acquire American Dryer Corp. in July.
 22Williams-Sonoma60,700San FranciscoRetail Nationwide specialty retailer with 601 stores: Brands include Williams-Sonoma, Pottery Barn, Pottery Barn Kids, PBteen, West Elm, W-S Home, Rejuvination, Mark and Graham, others.
 23Gap Stores56,200San FranciscoRetail Specialty retailer operates five apparel brands: Gap, Old Navy, Banana Republic, Intermix, and Athleta brands. Added 40 new stores in greater China in 2014. Piper Lime closure.
 24Mercedes Benz USA/Daimler Trucks55,200Montvale, N.J.; Portland, Ore.Motor Vehicles/Trucks Daimler of Germany units. Mercedes Benz USA is responsible for U.S. distribution and marketing of Mercedes-Benz, Maybach, smart, and Sprinter products. Daimler Trucks in Portland is a seperate business unit.
 25Big Lots54,200Columbus, OhioCloseout Retail Formerly Consolidated Stores, the closeout retailer has more than 1,300 retail stores in the U.S. and has five distribution centers that total nearly 9 million square feet.
 26Kohl's51,100Menomonee, Wis.Retail Kohl's operates more than 1,164 family oriented department stores in 49 states and nine distribution centers.
 27Pier 1 Imports48,400Fort WorthRetail Furniture and accessories retailer has more than a thousand stores in the U.S. and Canada.
 28Dorel Industries47,600MontrealFurniture/Bicycles Brands include Ameriwood, Schwinn, Mongoose, Pacific Cycle, Cycling Sports, Altra Furniture, Cosco Home and Office among others. Annual sales reached US$2.7 billion in 2014.
 29Rooms to Go46,800Seffner, Fla.Retail Furniture Independent furniture retailer with more than 150 showroom stores with packaged room settings.
 30Dollar General46,000Goodlettsville, Tenn.Retail Operates 11,950 discount variety retail stores in 43 states. Its hostile bid for Family Dollar was rejected.
 31Michelin North America45,900Greenville, S.C.Mfg-Tire & Rubber Michelin North America operates 68 plants in 17 countries. The 10-year $1.7 billion U.S. military contract for all ground and aircraft tires ends in 2017. In e-commerce strategy, bought BlackCircles.com, leading tire e-tailer in the U.K. and a 40 percent stake in French tire e-tailer Allopneu SAS.
 32Toyota Tsusho America45,000Georgetown, Ky.Conglomerate Operates trading and supply chain management within Toyota Group. Global headquarters in Japan. Divisions include metals, machinery/electronics, chemicals/plastics, automotive, agriculture/food, and consumer products.
 33Staples43,600Framingham, Mass.Retail Operates throughout North and South America, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand.
 34Hewlett-Packard43,300Palo Alto, CalifComputer Technology Offers IT infrastructure, global services, business and home computing, as well as imaging and printing. In joint venture with Foxconn with cloud-optimized servers.
 35Michaels Stores40,300Irving, TexasRetail Largest arts and crafts specialty retailer with 1,168 Michaels and 120 Araron Brothers stores.
 36BMW of North America40,000Woodcliff Lake, N.J.Motor Vehicles Imports and distributes BMW brand vehicles along with parts for the South Carolina assembly plant. A regional distribution Center is in Nazareth, Pennsylvania.
 37Sony Corp. of America39400New YorkElectronics Portfolio includes music, entertainment, computers, electronics and semiconductors.
TIE38Electrolux38,800Charlotte, N.C.; StockholmAppliances Household and commercial appliance brands include Electrolux, Tappan, Frigidaire and Eureka, others. Sells more than 50 million products to customers in 150 countries every year.
TIE38Anheuser Busch InBev38,800St. Louis, Mo.Beverages Leuven, Belgium-based. More than 200 beer brands, including Budweiser Corona, Stella Artois, Beck's, others. Global revenue of $47.1 billion in 2014. Its merger with Grupo Modelo in a transaction valued at $20.1 billion was completed a year ago.
 40Nestle USA/Nestle Waters38,000Glendale, Calif.; St. Louis; Greenwich, Conn.Food/Beverages/Pet Food Swiss parent is the world's largest food company and tallied $9.7 billion in 2014 sales. Has 25 plants, 43 distribution centers in the U.S. In addition to cocoa, Nutrition, Purina PetCare and Nestle Waters are core segments.
 41Toys 'R' Us37,200Wayne, N.J.Toys-Retail Has a 60-foot ferris wheel in its Times Square flagship store. Owned by private equity. Acquired FAO Schwartz, etoys and KB Toys over the last several years. Toys R Us and Babies R Us tally 870 stores in the U.S; 725 international stores and 235 licensed stores in 37 countries.
 42Sol Group Marketing35,400Pompano Beach, Fla.Fruit A subsidiary of Ireland's Fyffes PLC. Specializes in cantaloupes, watermelons and honeydews from its farms in Honduras. Also markets Turbana bananas and Fyffe pineapples.
 43Bridgestone Americas35,200Nashville, Tenn.Tires, Auto Products Americas holding company for Japan's Bridgestone Corp. Has more than 50 production facilities in the Americas.
 44Mattel34,600El Segundo, Calif.Toys Brands include Barbie, Hot Wheels, Matchbox, American Girl, and Fisher-Price. Acquired Mega Brands' Mega Bloks last year.
 45American Honda Motor, Honda North America34,500Torrance, Calif.Automotive Goods Makes automobiles, motorcycles, and power equipment. First U.S. plant opened in 1979. Subsidiaries of Japan's Honda Motor.
 46Panasonic Corp. of North America31,700Newark, N.J.Electronics Formerly known as Matsushita Electric of America. Brands include Panasonic, Technics, Quasar and JVC. New headquarters in Newark, New Jersey.
 47Gildan Activewear33,800MontrealApparel Mfg. Manufacturer and marketer of knit apparel for logo, screen-print markets and work uniforms. Sock and underwear supplier operates vertically integrated, manufacturing facilities, which are primarily located in Central America and the Caribbean Basin.
 48Hankook Tire America33,300Wayne, N.J.Tires Parent is South Korea's Hankook Tire Co. The company was feted by the White House for its foreign direct investment in its business expansion. Markets and distributes through independent dealers.
 49Canon USA33,200Melville, N.Y.Photo Imaging Subsidiary of Japan's Canon Inc. Moved to new headquarters in Melville, New York, in 2012.
 50Best Buy33,100Richfield, Minn.Retail Consumer electronics and appliance retailer operates 1,700 stores in large and small formats.
 51Southern Wines & Spirits of America32,700MiamiBeverages Founded in 1968, the wine, spirits and beverage distributor operates in many states along with several joint ventures. Represents more than 1,500 suppliers with more than 5,000 brands.
 52Caterpillar29,700Peoria, Ill.Mfg-Machinery Manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. Total 2014 sales and revenue were $55.2 billion.
 53Arauco Wood Products29,600AtlantaForest Products Sales and service support for Santiago, Chile, headquarters. Parent is Celulosa Arauco y Constitucion, Chile's largest pulp and paper producer. Products include lumber, plywood, wood pulp, composites and millworks.
 54Macy*s29,400CincinnatiRetail The company had $28.1 billion in 2014 sales and operates the Macy's, Bloomingdale's outlets and the Bluemercury brands with about 885 stores in 45 states, Guam and Puerto Rico. Dubai has a licensed Bloomingdales.
 55Spectrum Brands Holdings29,100Middleton, Wisc.Appliances Spectrum brands include Black & Decker, George Foreman, Farberware®, Juiceman, Remington, Rayovac, and Toastmaster. Spectrum's Applica Consumer Products and Salton merger has been rebranded as Russell Hobbs.
TIE56Hanes Brands28,500Winston-Salem, N.C.Apparel Branded under basics include L'Eggs, Just My Size, Champion, Bali, Playtex, Wonderbra, and Barely There. Maidenform Brands was acquired in late 2013.
TIE56Mobis Parts America28,500West Point, Ga.; Mongomery, Ala.Auto Parts Seoul headquarters. Previously known as Hyundai Precision Industry. Auto parts and module supplier to both Hyundai and Kia with plants in Alabama and Georgia.
 58Ross Stores28,400Pleasanton, Calif.Retail Discount apparel and home goods retailer operates more than a thousand Ross Dress for Less stores and dd's DISCOUNT stores.
 59Bed Bath & Beyond28,300Union, N.J.Retail Bed, Bath & Beyond owns more than 1,500 stores, including Christmas Tree Shops, Harmon, buybuyBaby and a B to B distributor, LinenHoldings. Acquired Cost Plus World Market in June 2012.
 60Nissan North America\Nissan Trading28,200Franklin, Tenn.; Farmington Hills, Mich.Automobiles U.S.manufacturing plants in Smyrna and Decherd, Tennessee, and in Canton, Mississippi. New York City selected the the Nissan NV200 as the city's exclusive taxi starting in late 2013.
 61Continental Tire27,900Fort Mill, S.C.Tires Global headquarters in Hanover, Germany. High performance tire manufacturer for automobile, truck and bus. Also known as Conti-tires.
 62Fresh Del Monte Produce27,500Coral Gables, Fla.Foods Fresh Del Monte Produce is not affiliated with Del Monte Foods, the owner of the Del Monte trademark.
TIE63Hasbro26,400Pawtucket, R.I.Toys Brands include Play-Doh, Mr. Potato Head, Transformers, Nerf, Playskool, My Little Pony, G.I. Joe, Monopoly along with a Sesame Street toy line.
TIE63Keystone Automotive Industries26,400Exeter, Pa.Auto Parts Wholesale distributor and marketer of aftermarket automotive equipment and accessories with six warehouses, 44 cross-docks and 350 delivery trucks.
 65Gea Products25,700Northvale, N.J.Appliances Farm food technology solutions in engineering processes including heat transfer and refrigeration.
 66Vanity Fair24,800Greensboro, N.C.Apparel and Footwear $12 billion company has 30 plus brands, including Timberland, The North Face, Nautica, Wrangler, Vans, others.
 67Hon Hai Precision Industries23,600HoustonElectronics Anchor company of the Taiwan-based contract electronics manufacturer Hon Hai/Foxconn Technology Group. Also offers design, engineering, machine tooling and after sales services. Largest exporter in greater China.
TIE68Conair23,500East Windsor, N.J.Appliances & Personal Care Private personal care company with distribution centers in East Windsor, New Jersey; Phoenix, Arizona; and a manufacturing facility in Rantoul, Illinois.
TIE68Itochu International23,500New YorkConglomerate North American unit of parent trading company Itochu Japan. Bought Dole's global packaged foods and Asia fresh businesses in April 2013.
 70Bob's Discount Furniture22,500Manchester, Conn,Furniture Retailer Operates 57 discount furniture howrooms in 11 states concentrated in the Northeast. Serves free coffee and dessert. Delivers 15,000 pieces a week through nine delivery hubs. Distribution centers in Taftville, Connecticut, and Perryman, Maryland.
 71TJX22,300Framingham, Mass.Retail "Opportunistic buying" discount retailer of apparel and home fashions. Store brands include HomeGoods, TJ Maxx and Marshalls.
 72Phillips Van Heusen21,700New YorkApparel Brands include Calvin Klein, Tommy Hilfiger, Van Heusen, IZOD, ARROW, Speedo, Warner's and Olga.
 73Coaster of America21,600Santa Fe Springs, Calif.Furniture U.S. furniture distributor with seven branches supporting nationwide dealer network.
 74Heritage Home Group21,500High Point, N.C.Furniture Heritage Home Group has acquired the assets of Furniture Brands Intl. and now owns Broyhill, Thomasville, Lane, Drexel and others.
 75Payless Shoe Source20,900Topeka, KansasRetail Operates 4,400 stores in 30 countries. A privately held company owned by Golden Gate Capital and Blum Capital Partners.
 76Adidas Group20,700Portland, Ore.Footwear and Apparel Based in Germany. Adidas brands include Taylor-Made-Adidas Golf, Rockport, and Reebok.
 77Falken Tire20,400Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.Tires Subsidiary of Sumitomo Rubber Industries of Japan, produces high-performance racing tires. Distribution centers in California, Tennessee, New Jersey, Texas and Florida.
 78Raymour & Flanigan Furniture20,000Liverpool, N.Y.Retail Northeast U.S. family owned furniture retailer with 95 full-line showrooms, 11 clearance centers and one distribution center.
 79Giti Tire USA19,800Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.Tires Headquartered in Singapore and entered China market in 1993. China's largest tire manufacturer also has plants in Indonesia manufacturing radial and bias tires.
 80Tractor Supply19,400Brentwood, Tenn.Retail Begun as a small tractor parts business, it now has 1,300 stores in 48 states in rural America.
 81L Brands19,300Columbus, OhioRetail Brands include Victoria's Secret, PINK, Bath and Body Works, La Senza and Henri Bendel. Mast Global provides production, sourcing and logistics.
 82JoAnn Fabric and Craft Stores19,100Hudson, OhioRetail The chain sells fabric, craft and sewing materials. Previously publicly traded, merged with private equity firm Leonard Green & Partners in 2011. Has distribution centers in Hudson, Ohio; Visalia, California; and Opelika, Alabama.
 83Del Monte Foods18,900San FranciscoFoods Fresh Del Monte Produce is not affiliated with Del Monte Foods, the owner of the Del Monte trademark.
TIE84Marubeni America18,700New YorkConglomerate Largest overseas subsidiary of Japanese trading house Marubeni Corp. Top products include chemicals and machinery.
TIE84Berkshire Hathaway18,700Throughout U.S.Diversified Among Warren Buffet's companies that jmport are Fruit of the Loom/Union Underwear, Benjamin Moore, Shaw Industries, Johns Manville, See's Candies and others. Also owns BNSF and XTRA Corp.
 86Walgreens Boots Alliance18,600Deerfield, Ill.Retail Largest U.S. drugstore chain with 8,699 stores (including Duane Read in 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam and the United States Virgin Islands) combined with Boots Alliance of Europe as of Dec. 31, 2015, with synergies in mind.
 87DuPont18,300Wilmington, Del.Diversified DuPont is separating its chemicals business into a new company, Chemours, effective July 1, 2015.
 88Kroger18,100Cincinnati, OHRetail Fred Meyers stores are a department store unit of grocery retailer Kroger. Also has jewelry stores and manufacturing plants. Revenue was $108.5 billion in 2014.
TIE89Fonterra USA17,500Rosemont, Ill.Dairy Products Largest cooperative in New Zealand with more than 16,000 dairy farmers supplying 22 billion liters of liters of milk a year. Some of the New Zealand production is traded on Global Dairy Trade, an online platform.
TIE89John Deere17,500Moline, Ill.Mfg-Equipment An expanded parts distribution facility in Campinas, Brazil, will open later this year. Overseas, John Deere has six factories in China, five in Brazil, four in India, four in Mexico, two in Russia, among others. In the U.S., there are factories in 11 states.
 91Skechers USA17,200Manhattan Beach, Calif.Apparel and Footwear Markets to retailers and has 100 of its own stores. California DC serves North America, and Belgian DC serves Europe.
 92Yokohama Tire17,100Fullerton, Calif.Tires North American manuyfactuiring and marketing arm of Tokyo based Yokohama Rubber Co.
 93CVS Health16,600Woonsocket, R.I.Retail 20 distribution centers with about 11.5 million square feet handle 7,660 stores.
 94Haier America Trading16,300Wayne, N.J.Appliances Subsidiary of China's Haier Group. The appliance and consumer electronics business has operated in the U.S. since 1999.
TIE95Hyundai Motor Manufacturing16,200Montgomery, Ala.Motor Vehicles Hyundai's first assembly and manufacturing plant in the U.S. was a $1.7 billion investment and opened in May 2005.
TIE95Starbucks16,200SeattleCoffee Retail 22,000 retail stores in 66 countries.
 97Ta Chen Int'l16,100Los AngelesMetal Manufactures TCI is a distributor of stainless, aluminum and nickel alloy shapes and products
 98Euromarket Designs15,800Northbrook, Ill.Retail Privately owned by the Otto Group of Hamburg, the contemporary home goods retailer known as Crate & Barrel also operates CB2 and partners with the Land of Nod. The 100-store chain has U.S., Canada, Mexico, Singapore and Dubai locations.
 99Cardinal Health15,600Dublin, OhioMedical Supplies Provides pharmaceuticals and medical products to thousands of locations daily. Manufacturers' medical and surgical products, including gloves, surgical apparel and fluid management products.
 100Toyo Tires15,400Cypress, Calif.Tires Unit of Japanese tiremaker. Completing fourth expansion project this summer at White, Georgia, warehousing and manufacturing plant.
 

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, contact Marsha Salisbury, JOC research editor, msalisbury@joc.com, 973-776-7828.


About the Rankings

The Journal of Commerce's annual Top 100 U.S. Importers and Exporters ranking begins with data from PIERS, a sister product of the JOC within IHS Maritime & Trade, and is enhanced by information gathered from other industry sources.

The figures are expressed in 20-foot-equivalent units, or TEUs, the most common measurement of containerized ocean shipping. One standard 40-foot ocean container equals two TEUs.

These lists are restricted to shippers — beneficial owners of containerized cargo that entered or exited U.S. ports by ocean vessel during 2014. The statistics do not include shippers associations, carriers, non-vessel-operating common carriers, forwarders or brokers, third-party logistics providers, banks, or "to-order" negotiable bills of lading, or data falling under privacy strictures. International import and export cargoes into and out of the U.S. via air, rail or truck are not included.

In tandem with last year's ranking and considerable industry research, the list also identifies corporate subsidiaries and strives to reflect any changes in corporate status related to mergers, acquisitions, spinoffs, formal name changes or bankruptcy filings. We also identify the location of corporate headquarters and, if the global headquarters is outside the U.S., the parent company. We indicate a website if one is available and the industry sector, adding a short note about each company, often recent news or an interesting fact.

These rankings represent our best approximation of the total international oceanborne shipments by these companies and their subsidiaries. We welcome your feedback.


For additional insight and analysis of the JOC Top 100 Importers and Exporters in 2014 in the U.S. container trade along with emerging trade trends, tune in on June 23 at 2 p.m. ET for a free 75-minute webcast, featuring Research Editor Marsha Salisbury and Executive Editor Chris Brooks. 
For more information and to register, go to http://tinyurl.com/k8ubr2c.
For Exporter Rankings, click here.