Breakbulk

Breakbulk

Breakbulk and its glamorous subset, project cargo, remain a dynamic shipping segment, and the multipurpose and heavylift (MPV/HL) carriers that serve it are just beginning to recover from chronic overcapacity and a decade of doldrums.

Breakbulk cargo has been defined as ‘whatever is left over’ after the bulk and container ships are full. While the shift of commodities such as cotton and coffee from breakbulk into containers has largely run its course, other breakbulk and project cargos continue to move on MPV/HL vessels. Not every shipment of breakbulk cargo involves a complex mega-project or thousands of freight tons that require full charters and heavy-lift capacity. Many of these movements are very complex, and require additional planning, expertise and equipment. Project cargo shippers often work closely with carriers’ engineering teams to create transport plans.Simple breakbulk cargoes can often shift shipping modes fairly seamlessly. Steel, for example, flows from breakbulk to bulk carriers to, for some forms of steel, roll-on/roll-off (ro-ro) and container transport. The preferred mode will depend on volumes, prices, schedules and demand. Container and ro-ro services offers shippers fixed schedules, predictable routes and prices, and more commoditized handling, simplifying the equation – but only when it makes sense for the cargo.

News & Analysis

19 Oct 2020
An ability to handle out-of-gauge cargo and a unique inventory management system distinguish supply chain logistics platform e2log from the competition.
13 Mar 2019
Strict schedules, predictable routes and prices, and commoditized handling have long made liner services attractive to breakbulk shippers, but project cargoes are a different story altogether.
12 Mar 2019
When demand is high, container and ro-ro carriers tend to stay in their own cargo “lanes,” but in leaner times, competition for project and breakbulk freight intensifies.
08 Mar 2019
Megaproject logistics, which often involves moving huge pieces of equipment through remote ports, brings with it a unique set of risks and challenges that traditional liner carriers simply aren't equipped to handle.
06 Mar 2019
Faced with risks both new and familiar in 2019, refrigerated cargo carriers are focusing on collaboration and technology to improve and expand service.
05 Mar 2019
Brunswick port forms an integral link in Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia’s supply chain, handling both incoming components and finished vehicles for export.
27 Feb 2019
Despite a monthly decline, daily charter rates for for MPV/HL vessels remain above last year's levels and the general outlook for the sector is bright, Hannes Hollaender, managing director at Toepfer Transport, tells JOC.com.
26 Feb 2019
A sunny climate and pro-wind and solar policies have contributed to a boom in renewable energy development in Australia, but the country’s power grid has struggled to adapt, prompting concern from the government.
20 Feb 2019
Despite a recent uptick in activity in the oil and gas industry, SAL Heavy Lift tells JOC.com any new vessels must be versatile enough to handle multiple types of cargo.
13 Feb 2019
The multipurpose/heavy lift market continues to struggle with overcapacity, weak demand, and increased competition for breakbulk and project cargo from the bulk, ro-ro, and container sectors.
11 Feb 2019
ExxonMobil and Qatar Petroleum will spend $10 billion adding liquefaction and export capacity to an existing LNG import facility in Sabine Pass, Texas.
The project cargo market is seen as spotty and inconsistent.
31 Jan 2019
The fuel efficiency of Zeamarine's newbuildings will be advantageous, and it will also be looking at scrubber technology and durability, Zeamarine president and CEO Andre Grikitis said.
AAL Kembla.
31 Jan 2019
Among shipowners’ concerns: will there be enough low-sulfur fuel on Jan. 1, 2020? And will the low-sulfur quality be consistent?
A nacelle being transported.
31 Jan 2019
US ports specializing in the handling of wind components and the heavy-haul truck lines are gearing up for an increase in wind projects.
A wind farm in the United States.
30 Jan 2019
Several US ports, many in the Gulf, are expecting a surge in wind cargo during the next 24 months.
A petrochemical plant.
30 Jan 2019
The US petrochemical buildout is being driven by the availability of cheap ethane.
BigLift Happy Star.
24 Jan 2019
Before selling individual assets, Hansa Heavy Lift’s owner had tried to sell the company.
BBC Chartering MPV/HL.
23 Jan 2019
Toepfer’s index consists of an average of six-month to 12-month time charter rates per day for 12,500 deadweight-ton multipurpose and heavy-lift F-type vessels.
Project logistics.
21 Jan 2019
At 2019’s outset, adequate global growth and demand bode well for project logistics, but potential pitfalls also exist.
Industrial Terminals Houston.
18 Jan 2019
Oaktree, primary shareholder of now-insolvent Hansa Heavy Lift, in January became a key partner with Kansas-based transportation provider Watco Companies.
A heavy-lift ship.
17 Jan 2019
The MPV/HL sector has been in the doldrums for four or five years.
A wind power blade being transported by Novoroslesexport.
15 Jan 2019
The blades were loaded onto telescopic trailers and transported to the Republic of Adygea at night.
AAL Bangkok.
15 Jan 2019
Recently, consolidation in the sector has accelerated, with acquisitions, mergers, alliances, and other cooperation among the stakeholders becoming routine.
Hansa Heavy Lift Kobe.
03 Jan 2019
Founded in 2011, HHL was the successor to Beluga Shipping but struggled to gain a foothold in the heavy-lift market as the global shipping crisis worsened in the mid-decade.
A wind power blade being transported in the United States.
02 Jan 2019
New factors will increase pressure on the US wind power logistics market, which already experiences late-year bottlenecks.
28 Dec 2018
India's breakbulk and project cargo trade growth has become a “sweetener” for container carriers struggling to fill up their large vessels with niche freight in the wake of continued lackluster demand in other global markets.
Technology and international shipping.
19 Dec 2018
TecPier plans to invest in maritime digitization opportunities in energy efficiency, online marketplaces, and process optimization.
A heavy-lift ship.
18 Dec 2018
The concerns have weighed on oil prices, and the health of the global energy market strongly affects the movement of project cargo.
A heavy lift ship.
10 Dec 2018
Both clauses are designed to be "simple and practical" and ease the global fleet's Jan. 1, 2020 transition to a low-sulfur fuel era, BIMCO said.
Hansa Heavy Lift HHL Kobe.
10 Dec 2018
Founded in 2011, Hansa Heavy Lift was the successor to Bremen-based Beluga Shipping.
A column being lifted on to a barge.
06 Dec 2018
An initial cargo of 19 units weighed more than 850 metric tons (937 tons) combined and included separators, heaters, and columns designed for hydrocarbon processing.
Breakbulk international logistics.
26 Nov 2018
Everything transported to an Antarctica research station by Trans Global Projects required extensive care and, due to the threat of intrusion by non-native plants and animals, extensive biosecurity and decontamination processes.
Reactor lift at Porto Marghera, Italy.
21 Nov 2018
Italy’s Porto Marghera has a unique capability on the peninsula, as two 1,692-ton heavy lifts of reactors bound for a refinery in Nigeria recently demonstrated.
A truck transport a wind generator blade.
20 Nov 2018
In the next two decades, project construction and transport sectors can expect electricity generation to grow in importance, as emerging nations, particularly those in Asia, shift toward light industry, service economies, and digitization.
Port Houston
15 Nov 2018
Imports are important to Gulf ports’ growth because ocean carriers in the major east-west trades deploy capacity based on imports, which command freight rates about four times higher than exports.
Heavy lift ship.
14 Nov 2018
Many project shippers have reported a lack of clarity regarding contracts extending into or beyond 2020; these clauses will help set the stage for the IMO 2020 transition.