Port Productivity

About the JOC Port Productivity Rankings

Within any prevailing trend, there will always be winners and losers. By ranking ports and terminals in terms of berth productivity, the JOC aims to shine a light on efficiency, and perhaps be a catalyst to improving it.

In the past, we’ve published straight productivity rankings — that is, the top ports and terminals by region and broken down by vessel size. Those rankings did not consider call size — the number of containers moving by ship per call — and thus, in a sense, did not give a complete picture of productivity. Nor did they reasonably allow for ports or terminals outside the top 10 in port productivity to make the rankings, resulting in an overly predictable list year after year. 

So this year, we analyzed which terminals made the greatest strides in port efficiency from 2014 to 2015. It is, by definition, difficult for a high-performing terminal to make these lists, so for those accustomed to appearing at the top, understand that your performance is no less worthy.

For this year’s rankings, we’ve also broken the world down into nine regions, separating Africa and Europe, and Latin America and North America, which previously had been grouped together.  

Starting with berth productivity — the average number of container moves per crane, per hour while a ship is at berth — we’ve measured relative improvement. We then weighted those productivity numbers by call size to achieve actual improvement in year-over-year performance, the measurement by which the rankings have been listed. 

To qualify, a terminal must have improved actual and relative (unweighted) productivity, and processed more than 100 ship calls in 2015 and a minimum of 50 in 2014. 

For more information on purchasing the underlying data or to  learn more about our Port Productivity Subscription Report, which provides in-depth industry market analysis, visit  www.joc.com/port_productivity.


News & Analysis

24 Oct 2016
Maryland governor pledges to reapply for federal funding for Howard Street tunnel.
24 Oct 2016
Multiple calls by large vessels on certain days of the week, known as vessel bunching, are straining the equipment and labor resources at US ports and presenting a growing threat to productivity at container terminals.
19 Oct 2016
FMC Chairman Mario Cordero expresses concern after receiving staff briefing on analysis of PierPass fee collections and disbursements.
19 Oct 2016
Los Angeles and Long Beach have served as a laboratory for creative measures to cope with the growing container volumes and the surges of cargo from mega-ships that have also challenged other US ports.
17 Oct 2016
A chassis provider has asked a federal judge to cancel all its per-diem leasing agreements with Hanjin Shipping.
17 Oct 2016
The effort is aimed at alleviating landside congestion issues that have been a key contributor to the shift of traffic to privately-operated minor terminals.


The Port of Oakland looked to an old recipe for success in the unprecedented crisis caused by the failure of Hanjin Shipping: teamwork.

More Commentary


Clearmetal Founder and Chief Executive Officer Adam Compain got together with JOC Senior Content Editor Alessandra Barrett at the 16th TPM Conference to chat about the largest challenges facing ocean carriers when it comes to equipment positioning and repositioning and the hurdles created in this regard by the ever-growing complexity of supply chains.