It’s not easy to be in the green while being green. That’s one of the lessons emerging from The Journal of Commerce Top 100 Importers and Exporters rankings for 2012.

It’s been seven years since Wal-Mart and Sam’s Club put forth their corporate objective to reduce packaging across supply chains by 5 percent by 2013, and their subsequent metrics for supplier scorecards — the so-called Packing 7 R’s: Remove, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Renew, Revenue and Read — have trickled down into best practices and brought significant rewards across the industry for cargo interests.

When goods are densely packaged safely, transportation savings accrue in fewer container counts, lower drayage units, lower per-unit freight costs, and more goods in less space in warehousing and distribution centers and on the store shelves.

For ocean carriers, the downside may be more cargo in fewer containers with lower vessel capacity utilization rates.

So, is it accurate to compare container cargo liftings growth over the last several years without considering such stowage and packaging factors?

On a volume basis, containerized U.S. imports increased 2.6 percent year-over-year and were 2.3 percent ahead of pre-recession 2008. In contrast, U.S. exports in 2012 inched ahead just 0.4 percent year-over-year, but were 5.7 percent above 2008. While the export trade is leading in cargo growth, the liftings lack the velocity to achieve President Obama goals under the National Export Initiative, which aims to double U.S. exports in the five years through 2014.

America Chung Nam, the top-ranked exporter in 2012 with 414,500 TEUs, extends those “Packing 7 R’s” to its inter-company dynamics of supplying recovered paper to its sister company, Nine Dragons Paper Industries, mainland China’s largest containerboard manufacturer, which has annual mill capacity of 14 million tons. America Chung Nam also has expanded into plastic recyclables.


Special Coverage

Portion of the JOC's Top 100 Exporters rankings
Top 100 exporters in 2012: U.S. foreign trade via ocean container transport.

News & Analysis

Maersk and Yang Ming at Port of Tacoma
15 Jul 2013
After a strong start in the first part of this decade, the slowdown in export growth means the U.S. will not meet President Obama's goal of doubling exports by 2015 from 2009 levels.
05 Jul 2013
When the Obama administration in February 2010 announced its National Export Initiative, the U.S. was coming out of one of the worst recessions since the Great Depression. Trade was surging and global container carriers suddenly were flush with billions of dollars in combined profits after losing billions the previous two years. Exports, it seemed, were well on their way to driving the U.S. economy forward.
17 Jun 2013
U.S. containerized exports could exceed imports during certain months as soon as 2016 and on an annual basis by 2020, Walter Kemmsies, chief economist at Moffatt & Nichol, told the annual meeting of the Agriculture Transportation Coalition.
04 Jun 2013
For the third straight year, ACX Pacific Northwest has been listed as the No. 1 exporter of alfalfa and grass hay in The Journal of Commerce’s Top 100 U.S. Exporters list.
U.S. scrap exports market shares - China vs. rest of the world. Source: PIERS
03 Jun 2013
U.S. containerized exports of scrap metals, plastics and paper to China have increased at a remarkable pace over the last 20 years.
wood chips
29 May 2013
Rayonier, the $1.6 billion exporter of performance fibers, faces constraints from factors beyond its control, including limited truck productivity, shallow ports and improved but spotty liner scheduling reliability, adding costs to the roughly 40,000 TEUs the company exports annually.



Exporting goods and services provides tremendous opportunities for small businesses, yet 99 percent of them don’t export because of bureaucracy and uncertainty. Help is available, if you know where to look.