What's a Himalaya clause?

What's a Himalaya clause?

The "Himalaya clause" is shorthand legalese for a British admiralty case in the early 1950s involving the cargo ship Himalaya. The vessel's bill of lading extended limits of liability for damage to cargo beyond the ship, to companies that are acting as subcontractors, or "performing parties." Traditionally those parties were shoreside marine businesses - stevedores or terminal operators. When containers began to be shipped on through bills of lading, ocean carriers began to include inland transport by rail or truck in their Himalaya clauses.