Drayage

Drayage is the retrieval of shipping containers from ports and hauling them to inland locations such as rail heads, distribution centers, or stores. It is one of the most important, yet fraught, parts of the supply chain.

Many ports in the US struggle to position chassis efficiently, and chassis shortages are a key contributor to port congestion. The issue of chassis maintenance and repair is also a sticking point in employer negotiations with longshore labor unions.

Commentary

The public-private partnership dubbed the Port Optimizer may seem like a win-win deal for everyone involved: port authorities, terminal operators, shippers, and carriers. But a closer look raises worrisome questions about data security, misuse of public money, and the cost of implementation.

News & Analysis

Port of New York and New Jersey.
14 Nov 2018
The terminal operator at the Port of New York and New Jersey is implementing several measures after a month of longer-than-reasonable turn times for truckers.
Port Houston.
14 Nov 2018
In its decision, the port also offered information regarding what it would need to see to resume the program.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust.
08 Nov 2018
Among other productivity improvements, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust's ship turn times and container dwell times are considerably shorter than a year ago.
Trucks at the Port of New York and New Jersey.
07 Nov 2018
The terminal, which does not normally process trucks and containers on the weekend, opened the gates Saturday from 6 a.m. to 1 p.m. and plans to do so every Saturday until the end of the year. Furthermore, the first Saturday’s turn time reduction was substantial.
Port of New York and New Jersey.
31 Oct 2018
The port said it is working with Maher Terminals and Port Newark Container Terminal, the two terminals in the port that use straddle carriers, to create a vehicle that would be programmed to recharge itself after making a certain number of container moves.
Port of New York and New Jerse.
30 Oct 2018
Ports and regions are devising creative and needs-specific solutions to container shipping's chassis issue — a longtime bottleneck/trouble spot in the supply chain. Here is the Port of New York and New Jersey's progress.
A freight truck travels in Chicago.
26 Oct 2018
Harsh weather and the electronic logging device mandate — requiring truck drivers to record their of hours of service digitally and cease use of paper logs to track drivers' time behind the wheel — have put pressure on Chicago and other US markets.
Containers at a port.
25 Oct 2018
However, officials noted that daily cargo movement at the terminal continues to remain no less than the normal average.
A truck at a port.
24 Oct 2018
“Railroads and ports are spending billions of dollars for infrastructure. All of that of that is great, but let’s focus more on what is needed to get drivers into and out of the port. Railroads should look at their in-gates and out-gates. Most of the delays occur in the queue lines,” Patrick Maher, executive vice president of Gulf Winds International, told attendees at the JOC Inland Distribution Conference 2018 on Tuesday.
Trucks at the Port of Los Angeles.
15 Oct 2018
PierPass, the oldest extended-gates program in North America, was launched in 2005 to increase throughput capacity at the largest US port complex while diverting a sizable portion of the truck traffic from the peak daytime hours in order to relieve traffic congestion on local freeways and roads.
Chassis at the Port of Long Beach.
12 Oct 2018
The new Harbor Trucking Association-Milestone pool at LA-LB is improving truck turn times and round-the-clock access to a variety of chassis types during the current peak season.
Infographic: Chassis Splits: An unnecessary detour.
04 Oct 2018
A chassis split creates two extra stops for truckers, wasting their on-duty hours, reducing asset productivity, and restricting available capacity to shippers.
Port of New York and New Jersey.
03 Oct 2018
The port authority, after discussions with rule-implementer the New Jersey Department of Labor, is disseminating detailed information to truckers on the new rules, which the authority believes will have little impact on the drayage fleet and won’t affect many truckers.
Port of Los Angeles
02 Oct 2018
While these two related issues are present to various degrees at other gateways, the problems are magnified in the largest US port complex, where peak-season volumes now being handled at the 12 container terminals are contributing to an annual volume of more than 16 million TEU.
Port of Long Beach.
28 Sep 2018
Justice for Port Drivers, a Teamsters-sponsored group that has promoted picketing and other job actions over the past five years, will participate in job actions at the ports, two motor carrier facilities, warehouses, and rail yards beginning Monday morning.
Trucks travel on a road in New Jersey, United States.
27 Sep 2018
Owner-operators want regulators to tackle detention time by shippers in addition to hours-of-service flexibility.
Trucks, trailers and containers near NY-NJ.
26 Sep 2018
The addition of Milestone Equipment Holdings to the OPEN Choice Equipment Agreement-North East pool would take the pool a step closer to a pool of chassis from several providers that would be “interoperable,” meaning that truckers could pick up or drop off chassis from more than one provider at one or more locations.
Trucks at the Port of Los Angeles.
26 Sep 2018
Set to take effect on Jan. 1, 2019, the bill will discourage retailers and other shippers from contracting with the companies that misclassify drivers by making the beneficial cargo owners jointly liable for any fines assessed on those operators.
An intermodal train in Kansas, United States.
26 Sep 2018
Front-loading, probably prompted by concern about tariffs, has affected US intermodal transport this peak season, as well as ocean transport, creating a quieter rail September. However, shippers should note there are some signs of conditions heating up in a key section of the United States that could be a harbinger.
Trucks at the Port of New York and New Jersey.
20 Sep 2018
The Teamsters union, which pushed for the rule change, believes a large proportion of the port’s trucker owner-operators could be found to be employees under the new rule. Truckers say the impact could range from merely creating an “administrative headache," to prompting some to leave the port, and perhaps the industry.
Chassis stack in the United States.
19 Sep 2018
The decision means the price of a chassis in the United States will likely rise by a substantial amount.
Port of Los Angeles.
17 Sep 2018
As the US chassis sector evolves, no one method of operation fits all ports/regions, but one appears to offer truckers an advantage.
Port of Virginia.
11 Sep 2018
The Virginia Port Authority's goal is to create a predictable, reliable, steady flow of trucks during the hours of reservations and a better experience for all customers; and so far, so good.
Port of Savannah.
10 Sep 2018
Born as a result of an inadequate number of chassis with a deteriorating stock in the Southeast United States, the Southern States Chassis Pool may represent the model that finally solves the chassis problem in the United States.
A truck travels in California, United States.
06 Sep 2018
Gov. Brown has until Sept. 30 to sign the legislation. The California Labor Commissioner will publish, by Jan. 1, 2019, a list of drayage companies that have failed to pay final judgments they were assessed for labor violations.
Trucks at the Port of Los Angeles.
29 Aug 2018
The Yusen appointment system, developed with the cooperation of local truckers, is the type of technology that will be incorporated into the Port Optimizer tool being developed by the port and GE Transportation.
A truck travels on a road in Mexico.
28 Aug 2018
The Confederation of Industrial Chambers, which represents more than 120 chambers around Mexico, said the government should hold off enforcing the hours-of-service rules, and it cited several reasons for its request.
An assembly line in China.
27 Aug 2018
Almost all shipping industry stakeholders agree that tariffs would raise costs across the transportation landscape, and eventually slow the movement of freight. So why are some US chassis makers asking for a tariff on imported chassis?
Port of Los Angeles.
27 Aug 2018
The issue of public money for a private function was raised, but the port noted that Southern California ports have various subsidy programs in place for environmental reasons, such as to encourage carriers to plug into shoreside electrical power to reduce emissions at berth.
Union Pacific Railroad.
27 Aug 2018
The capacity challenges described here are not unique to railroad networks and terminals; they are persistent through the US supply chain. Further, while some solutions lie far in the future, there are several initiatives that could improve rail/intermodal service overnight.
Trucks with chassis at NY-NJ.
23 Aug 2018
The merits of owning a chassis vary, depending on individual business models, but there is one aspect of the electronic logging device mandate that provides an advantage for those truck drivers who are chassis-ready, for example via ownership.
Appalachian Regional Port.
22 Aug 2018
In the United States’ tight surface capacity market, the operative phrase in supply chain management is “minimize the truck transport variable,” and Georgia’s new inland port, the Appalachian Regional Port, aims to do that, and more.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust.
21 Aug 2018
The latest tech upgrade at Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust represents more good news for truck drivers.
Port Miami.
20 Aug 2018
Port Miami is making a statement. New cranes, a better truck gating system and transloading facilities, and access to Interstate 95 mean the port has the infrastructure for global trade. And Miami has one other tangible that many stakeholders in container shipping will notice. Certainly other ports will.
Port of Los Angeles.
16 Aug 2018
The concept of a single electronic platform for port users is gaining momentum with truckers, beneficial cargo owners (BCOs), and other port users, with GE Transportation’s Port Optimizer at the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach achieving breakthroughs as a pacesetter.