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Drayage is the retrieval of shipping containers from ports and hauling them to inland locations such as rail heads, distribution centers, or stores. It is one of the most important, yet fraught, parts of the supply chain.

Many ports in the US struggle to position chassis efficiently, and chassis shortages are a key contributor to port congestion. The issue of chassis maintenance and repair is also a sticking point in employer negotiations with longshore labor unions.

Commentary

US shippers’ challenge in securing drayage capacity has eased since the peak eight weeks ago, but tightness persists regionally.

News & Analysis

An inland rail yard in the United States.
15 May 2018
US beneficial cargo owners (BCOs) unable to arrange inland transportation are considering a new option — signing long-term contracts for dedicated drayage.
09 May 2018
Truckers are unhappy with the administration of a key port productivity program at the Port of Jawaharlal Nehru and are refusing to work.
An NACPC chassis.
01 May 2018
The system's “interoperability,” which proponents argue will improve equipment utilization and allow a trucker to use any chassis between any start and stop location in the port area, is designed to aid terminal fluidity — a pivotal performance metric, as mega-ship calls pressure the gateway.
Port of Los Angeles.
01 May 2018
US shippers’ challenge in securing drayage capacity has eased since the peak eight weeks ago, but tightness persists in selected regions, and there are signs of more near-term difficulties.
Chassis at the Port of Long Beach.
27 Apr 2018
Chassis support facilities are part of a larger trend, certainly on the US West Coast, to repurpose properties that may not be suitable for marine terminals for ancillary functions. Moreover, the ultimate goal, if achieved, would represent a business model advance for the sector.
Trucks at a US port.
24 Apr 2018
The federal agency declined to elaborate on the identity of the beneficial cargo owners that issued these complaints or which ocean carriers received letters sent out on April 20.
Port of Los Angeles.
02 Apr 2018
Beneficial cargo owners and truckers in Los Angeles may experience improved cargo velocity and reduced gate congestion if a large container drayoff facility to be piloted at the Port of Los Angeles proves to be successful.
Air cargo loading.
28 Mar 2018
Capacity problems abound on land and in the air, and experts say many of the solutions are the same, including earlier planning and sharing of forecasts by shippers.
The Port of Long Beach.
26 Mar 2018
PierPass has its supporters and detractors, but port users agree that the largest US gateway could not handle 17 million TEU per year without a regular schedule of night and weekend gates.
The Port of Long Beach.
21 Mar 2018
The latest LA-LB metrics show that extended gates, appointments, and improved cargo-delivery processes are working despite record volumes.
The Port of Seattle.
05 Mar 2018
The US trucking community has officially launched a digital platform that, if successful, would quicken the supply chain by creating a network of draymen capable of moving containers in a more efficient manner.
Direct ChassisLink.
26 Feb 2018
Acknowledging chassis dislocation in Chicago this winter due to train delays, the company plans to move up to 1,600 chassis from the south Atlantic and Northeast to compensate.
The Port Newark Container Terminal (PNCT) in New Jersey.
23 Feb 2018
The rapid progress of a $500 million upgrade at the Port of New York and New Jersey's Port Newark Container Terminal could attract shippers that are closely focused on speed and efficiency in getting containers in or out of a terminal, especially regarding boxes moving by rail.
Chicago is a critical node in intermodal rail supply chains because of its geographical location.
22 Feb 2018
Although not limited to Chicago, the top US freight hub has been cited for the most severe gridlock and so much drayage demand that some motor carriers will not accept new customers until April.
The Port of Oakland.
09 Feb 2018
Harbor truckers across the United States are increasing their drayage rates for beneficial cargo owners and shipping lines, due to increased driver and staff costs, driver shortages, congested marine terminals, and the electronic logging device requirement.
Seattle drayage truck
06 Feb 2018
Northwest Seaport Alliance reahes compromise deal with owner-operators.
The chassis supply has not kept pace with demand at selected US ports.
05 Feb 2018
The creation was propelled by need: the supply from chassis providers has not kept pace with the explosive growth at the region’s ports, a Georgia official said.
Rail-mounted gantry cranes arrive at the Port of Virginia.
01 Feb 2018
Virginia is the latest US port to introduce appointment systems for truckers as marine terminals try to better handle the import surges caused by mega-ship calls.
29 Jan 2018
Expected and unexpected challenges have marked the start of the electronic logging device mandate era — magnifying shipper concerns about inadequate truck capacity and rising rates.
24 Jan 2018
Truckers seek “dual transactions,” or revenue moves in both directions and at LA-LB, technology will play a key role in achieving that goal, which will also reduce turn times — getting cargo to its destination quicker.
03 Jan 2018
Beneficial cargo owners see the advantage of warehouse space closer to the port, but that locale is not without a downside.
02 Jan 2018
Extended, frigid weather and high freight demand have collided in the US heartland’s freight hub, squeezing an already tight drayage market.
27 Dec 2017
Nearly nine years after ocean carriers began transferring their chassis to lessors, beneficial cargo owners, truckers, and other supply chain participants are still wrestling with issues of cost, control, and choice, amid a fragmented system.
26 Dec 2017
The prohibition of engines dated 1994 or 1995, replaced a proposal that — until it was pulled two years ago — would have banned more than 4,000 trucks with engines dated 2007 or older.
19 Dec 2017
“The question is how to pay for them.”
14 Dec 2017
The Teamsters said it hopes the vote will lay the groundwork for other victories in the union’s uphill, decade-long effort to organize US port drayage.
07 Dec 2017
The ports and their stakeholders are using big data and data sharing to drive process improvements for trucker appointments, chassis management, and extended gate hours.
06 Dec 2017
Providing a smooth pick up and drop off of chassis is seen by port stakeholders as key to the port’s future efficiency.
05 Dec 2017
Truckers who last week had complained of delays they said had stretched to several hours in some cases said the terminal now is turning around trucks in less than 90 minutes.
28 Nov 2017
A time slot booking system has been launched at Hamburg as the port tries to smooth out the spikes caused by increasing mega-ship calls.
22 Nov 2017
Truckers in LA-LB, and increasingly at other ports, are charging beneficial cargo owner customers for excessive time their drivers spend at congested marine terminals.
17 Nov 2017
The competitive service contract market has required major international carriers to make chassis available to many customers, despite carriers' vision to end chassis provision.
06 Nov 2017
Hundreds of containers are stranded at the terminal and off-site yards.
03 Nov 2017
The ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach on Nov. 2 approved new zero and near-zero emission guidelines.
03 Nov 2017
The 2017 Clean Air Action Plan that the ports adopted this week is an environmental document that will guide investment decisions by terminal operators and motor carriers in Southern California for the next 20 years.