|1||Shanghai||1, 2||China||www.portshanghai.com.cn||33.62||32.53||3.3%||Again surged ahead of Singapore for 2013 top ranking. Shanghai port is supported by three areas — Wusongkou, Waigaoqiao and the deep-water Yangshan. Gateway port for the Yangtze River Delta.|
|32.6||31.65||2.9%||World's busiest transshipment hub. PSA's global terminal operations, including Singapore, handled 61.8 million TEUs in 2013 with 32.2 million TEUs by flagship PSA Singapore and 29.6 million TEUs overseas.|
|3||Shenzhen||1, 2||China||www.szport.net||23.28||22.94||1.5%||Adjacent to Hong Kong and south of the Pearl River Delta in China’s Guangdong Province. Wal-Mart has its Asian headquarters and global procurement center in the special economic zone. Shenzhen includes Da Chan Bay, Yantian, Chiwan and Shekou.|
|4||Hong Kong||1||China||www.mardep.gov.hk||22.35||23.12||-3.3%||Hong Kong held top rank from 1999 to 2004. Suffered 40-day dockworker strike at five HIT terminals that was resolved in early May 2013.|
|5||Busan||1||South Korea||www.busanpa.com||17.69||17.04||3.8%||Korea's top port serves Northeast Asia as a transshipment hub with more than half of its 2013 volume. Volume at Busan New Port is accelerating in contrast to North Port. Busan New Port handled 61 percent of port cargo in 2013.|
|17.33||16.18||7.1%||Nearby and south of Shanghai, in the Yangtze River Delta in Zhejiang province, Ningbo-Zhoushan is the result of a 2005 port merger. Port operator Ningbo Port Group Co. is on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Ningbo has introduced regularlty scheduled intermodal rail service to hinterlands.|
|7||Qingdao||2||China||www.qdport.com||15.52||14.50||7.0%||International transshipment and reefer specialty port located in the Shandong province in the Yellow River basin in eastern China. In June 2014, port operator Qingdao Port (Group) Co. listed IPO in Hong Kong.|
|15.31||14.74||3.8%||South China port at the estuary of the Pearl River in Guangdong province, near Hong Kong and Macau. Comprehensive port includes Nansha, Xinsha, Huangpu, and Inner Harbor areas. Direct Taiwan service began in March 2010.|
|9||Jebel Ali, Dubai||1||U.A.E.||www.dpworld.ae|
|13.64||13.28||2.7%||Dubai is parent DP World's flagship facility. Globally, DP World handled 55 million TEUs in 2013 and 29.4 million TEUs in the first half of 2014. Aiming for global 100 million-TEU capacity by 2020.|
|10||Tianjin||2||China||www.tianjinportdev.com/en/home.htm||13.00||12.30||5.7%||The largest port in North China is on the Haibe River Estuary, Bohai Bay. The artificial port serves 11 northern provinces and Mongolia. The Tianjin Binhai new area has 156 Fortune 500 companies with 465 investment projects. Port seeks to be third economic regional growth driver after Shanghai and Shenzhen.|
|11.62||11.87||-2.1%||Europe's largest container port by TEU volume grew 20 percent in land when the seawall at Maasvlakte 2 in the North Sea was completed. Both the APM terminal and the Rotterdam World Gateway terminal construction are underway with first phases slated to be operational by year-end.|
|10.35||10.00||3.5%||On the industrial west coast, the busiest Malaysian container port is a national load center and regional hub. Westports will have 11 million-TEU capacity upon completion of Terminal 7. Northport's Wharf 8A adding 600,000-TEU capacity debuted in February 2014.|
|9.94||9.78||1.6%||The southwestern coast port city is the largest city in southern Taiwan and has direct cross-Strait shippping opportunities with mainland China.|
|14||Dalian||2||China||www.dlport.cn||9.91||8.06||22.9%||At entrance of Bohai Bay, the northeastern Liaoning province deep-water port is listed on the Hong Kong and Shanghai exchanges. The group also owns the largest oil storage base in China and operates 19 oil/liquefied chemical berths.|
|15||Hamburg||1||Germany||www.hafen-hamburg.de||9.26||8.86||4.4%||The port rail hub is the largest rail container-handling facility in Europe. More than 200 international and domestic rail connections serve the port daily by 90 different rail companies.|
|16||Antwerp||1||Belgium||www.portofantwerp.com||8.58||8.64||-0.7%||Landlord port on the River Scheldt. Work continues on a new left bank lock at the end of the Deurganck dock to provide the link to the sea between the Scheldt and the Waasland Canal and all other docks on the Left Bank. The new lock is scheduled to open in early 2016.|
|8.37||7.85||6.6%||Japan's superport hub on Tokyo Bay unifies Yokohama, Kawasaki and Tokyo, Japan's largest container port.|
|18||Xiamen||2||China||www.portxiamen.gov.cn||8.01||7.20||11.2%||Southeastern port on the Jiulongjiang River estuary in the Fujian Province is the closest mainland port to Taiwan and positioned for cross-straits trade. Opened to FDI in the 1980's. XIPC was the first port operator stock listing in Hong Kong.|
|19||Los Angeles||U.S.||www.portoflosangeles.org||7.87||8.08||-2.6%||Busiest U.S. container port, having again overtaken Long Beach. The Los Angeles and Long Beach ports' combined volume of 14.6 million TEUs would rank No. 9 in 2013 with year-over-year 3.4 percent growth.|
|20||Tanjung Pelepas||1||Malaysia||www.ptp.com.my||7.63||7.70||-0.9%||On the straits of Johor, just north of Singapore, it is the second-largest container port in Malaysia. Began its operations in early 2000 as alternative to Singapore. Serves Maersk and Evergreen as primary Southeast Asia hub.|
|21||Long Beach||U.S.||www.polb.com||6.73||6.05||11.3%||Second-busiest U.S. container port after Los Angeles. The Los Angeles and Long Beach ports' combined volume of 14.6 million TEUs would globally rank No. 9 in 2013 with year-over-year 3.4 percent growth.|
|6.04||5.93||1.9%||Eastern Thai landlord port seeks Southeast Asia hub status as deep-water port serving super-post Panamax vessels.|
|23||Ho Chi Minh||Vietnam||www.vpa.org.vn||5.96||5.19||14.8%||Vietnam joined the WTO in January 2007. U.S. retailers now sourcing consumer goods with carriers offering direct U.S. sailings. Under government orders, the industry is continuing to move congested urban HCMC/Saigon terminal facilities to facilitate overall southern gateway port network systems, which this volume includes.|
|24||Tanjung Priok, Jakarta||Indonesia||www.priokport.co.id|
|6.17||6.21||-0.7%||Indonesia's state-owned port operator now known as IPC, Indonesia Port Corp. will extend its space-constrained Tanjung Priok terminal. MOL is the first partner selected to build and operate a new terminal at New Priok or Kalibaru in Jakarta. HPH operates the nearby JICT, the largest container terminal in Indonesia. HPH to invest $100 million to expand and join the JICT and Koja terminals.|
|5.84||6.13||-4.8%||Bremen-Bremerhaven and Lower Saxony share ownership and management of JadeWeserPort, the only German deep-water port.|
|26||Lianyungung||2||China||www.lyg.gov.cn||5.49||5.02||9.3%||In eastern coastal Jiangsu province. The Longhai Railway starts at Lianyungang, and connects through Russia to Europe — known as the new Asian-European continent corridor.|
|27||New York-New Jersey||U.S.||www.panynj.gov||5.47||5.53||-1.1%||A landlord port and North America's busiest East Coast port. Strives to expedite construction timeline for the raising of the Bayonne Bridge roadway 64 feet in air draft prior to the widening of the Panama Canal.|
|5.32||5.00||6.3%||Japan's Hanshin superport hub on Osaka Bay unifies Kobe, Osaka and Sakai-Senboku.|
|29||Yingkou||2||China||www.ykport.com.cn||5.30||4.85||9.3%||In the middle of the Liaondong Peninsula, port includes the Yingkou Old Port and Bayuquan New Port that is close to the sea from both inner Mongolia and Northeast China. Cosco Pacific in joint venture container terminal with the port authority.|
|30||Jeddah||Saudi Arabia||www.ports.gov.sa||4.56||4.74||-3.8%||The majority of Saudi Arabian container throughput goes through this Red Sea coastal port. The port facilities are privatized. Gulftainer operates the Northern Container Terminal in Jeddah as well as other global terminals, including in the Americas.|
|31||Algeciras Bay||1||Spain||www.apba.es||4.35||4.11||5.8%||Near Gibraltar, Algeciras is central to both east-west and north-south trade lanes and Suez Canal users. Hanjin Shipping's first terminal in the Mediterranean is on the Outer Isla Verde Quay.|
|32||Valencia||1||Spain||www.valenciaport.com||4.33||4.47||-3.2%||Highest container traffic in Spain. Includes Valencia, Sagunto and Gandia ports. Seeks to be the main deep-sea gateway on the Iberian peninsula for the Americas and the Far East.|
|4.31||4.19||2.8%||An island 20 miles off India's southern coast. A joint venture with China Merchants garners the port a 15 percent share in the first terminal in South Harbor, the Colombo International Container Terminal (CICT) under 35-year BOT terms. CICT began operations in July 2013.|
|34||Jawaharlal Nehru||India||www.jnport.com||4.12||4.25||-3.0%||A state-owned port trust on India's west coast. Port terminals, include JN Port terminal, Nhava Sheva, and Gateway Terminal — majority owned by APM Terminals.|
|4.12||4.00||3.0%||Gulftainer is a private port operator on behalf of the port authority for the Sharjah, Port Khalid, Khorfakkan container terminals/inland container and warehousing depot. Gulftainer operates other global ports and terminals, handling 7 million TEUs in 2013. Owns 3PL Momentum.|
|36||Manila||Philippines||www.ppa.com.ph||3.77||3.71||1.6%||ICTSI won the Manila International Container Terminal 25+25 concession in 1988 — the first privatization of a Philippines port. The first Subic Bay Freeport container terminal opened from the private sector is operated by a unit of ICTSI and helps allieviate Manila conjestion while serving post-Panamax ships.|
|37||Felixstowe||1, 3||U. K.||www.portoffelixstowe.co.uk||3.70||3.70||Felixstowe South is the U.K.'s first deep-water port container terminal. The largest U.K. container port is a member of Hutchison Ports as are nearby London Thamesport and Harwich. Altogether HPH handled 78.3 million TEUs worldwide in 2013.|
|38||Santos||1||Brazil||www.portodesantos.com||3.45||3.17||8.7%||Brazil's largest container port debuted three new terminals in 2013. Both the DP World, Odebrecht, and Coimex backed Embraport terminal, and the BTP terminal opened last summer. The APM Terminals/TIL 50-50 joint venture officially opened in November. Bridge and tunnel options are also being considered to relieve port access congestion and chronic ship backlog.|
|39||Ambarli||Turkey||www.altasliman.com||3.38||3.10||9.1%||Turkey's largest container port is located on the European side of the Marmara region on the Mediterrranean Sea. The ALTAŞ Ambarlı Port Facilities Trade Co. oversees Turkey's largest private port.|
|40||Colon||1||Panama||www.amp.gob.pa||3.36||3.52||-4.6%||On the Atlantic side of the Panama Canal, the Colon port cluster includes Evergreen's Colon Container Ternimal, SSA Marine's Manzanillo International Terminal and the Panama Port Co.'s Cristobal port terminal.|
|41||Salalah||1||Oman||www.salalahport.com||3.34||3.63||-8.1%||The public-private partnership, Salalah Port Services Co., SAOG, is a 30-year port authority concession begun in 2000. The two largest stockholders are APM Terminals with 30 percent, and the Omani government with 20 percent.|
|42||Balboa||1||Panama||www.amp.gob.pa||3.19||3.30||-0.3%||On the Pacific end of the Panama Canal. Terminals include Panama Port Co, and PSA's Panama International Terminal.|
|43||Port Said East||4||Egypt||www.scctportsaid.com|
|3.12||2.86||9.1%||Port Said East is the transshipment hub for the East Mediterranean at the north entrance to the Suez Canal. APM Terminals, the terminal operator, has 55 percent holdings in SCCT; Cosco Pacific, 20 percent; and Suez Canal Authority, 10 percent, among others.|
|44||Gioia Tauro||1||Italy||www.portodigioiatauro.it||3.09||2.72||13.5%||Calabrian feeder and transshipment port in the Mediterranean. APM Terminals is a partner with Contship Italia Group in the MedCenter container terminal, MCT. MCT is seeking regulatory approval forfree zone status and subsequent FDI.|
|45||Georgia Ports||U.S.||www.gaports.com||3.03||2.97||2.3%||Second-busiest U.S. East Coast container port. The Savannah harbor expansion project is advancing. In bi-state port authority arrangement with South Carolina Ports Authority for a future ocean terminal on the Savannah River in Jasper County, S.C., remains on the table.|
|3.02||2.89||4.6%||In Surabaya, East Java, it is the second-largest container port in Indonesia after Tanjung Priok, Jakarta.|
|47||Metro Vancouver, B.C.||1||Canada||www.portmetrovancouver.com||2.83||2.71||4.1%||The Vancouver Frasier Port Authority is branded as Port Metro Vancouver. This self-sustaining deep-water port is the largest Canadian container port.|
|48||Marsaxlokk||Malta||www.maltafreeport.com.mt||2.75||2.54||8.3%||Deep-water Mediterranean transshipment hub central in the Europe, Maghreb and Middle East shipping routes' triangle.|
|49||Nagoya||1||Japan||www.port-of-nagoya.jp||2.71||2.66||2.0%||Located on Ise Bay, in the center of the Japanese archipelago, facing east to the Pacific Ocean. The Japan automobile industry capital has five operational container terminals.|
|50||Durban||1||South Africa||www.transnetnationalportsauthority.net||2.63||2.59||1.8%||Busiest container port in Africa handling the majority of South Africa's container cargo. A "dig-out" port is hoped to be built 6.8 miles away and would triple current TEU capacity, however, funding is elusive, and privatization needs regulatory change.|
*Global TEU throughput includes all laden and empty, international and domestic20-foot-equivalent container units.
The JOC Top 50 World Container Ports’ ranking in calendar year 2013 totaled 421.29 million TEUS, an increase of 3.2 percent above 2012 TEU results of 408.04 million TEUs.
1: Port participates in the Container Security Initiative of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Fifty-eight foreign ports are currently in the CSI program. They include:
- In the Americas and Caribbean: Montreal, Vancouver and Halifax, Canada; Santos, Brazil; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Puerto Cortes, Honduras; Caucedo, Dominican Republic; Kingston, Jamaica; Freeport, The Bahamas; Balboa, Colón and Manzanillo, Panama; Cartagena, Colombia.
- In Europe: Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Bremerhaven and Hamburg, Germany; Antwerp and Zeebrugge, Belgium; Le Havre and Marseilles, France; Gothenburg, Sweden; La Spezia, Genoa, Naples, Gioia Tauro, and Livorno, Italy; Felixstowe, Liverpool, Thamesport, Tilbury, and Southampton, United Kingdom; Piraeus, Greece; Algeciras, Barcelona, and Valencia, Spain; Lisbon, Portugal.
- In Asia and the Middle East: Singapore; Yokohama, Tokyo, Nagoya and Kobe, Japan; Hong Kong; Busan, South Korea; Port Klang and Tanjung Pelepas, Malaysia; Laem Chabang, Thailand; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Shenzhen and Shanghai, Mainland China; Kaohsiung and Keelung, Taiwan; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Port Salalah, Oman; Port Qasim, Pakistan; Ashdod and Haifa, Israel.
- In Africa: Durban, South Africa; Alexandria, Egypt.
2: Mainland China port TEU volumes are derived from www.portcontainer.cn
3: HPH TEU throughput not disclosed, industry estimate.
4: Port Said West TEU throughput not available. Volume shown is for Port Said East only.
Compiled by Marsha Salisbury, JOC research editor, email@example.com, or 973-776-7828.
Sources: Port reports and other information