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Within any prevailing trend, there will always be winners and losers. By ranking ports and terminals in terms of berth productivity, JOC aims to shine a light on efficiency, and perhaps be a catalyst to improving it.

In the past, we’ve published straight productivity rankings — that is, the top ports and terminals by region and broken down by vessel size. Those rankings did not consider call size — the number of containers moving by ship per call — and thus, in a sense, did not give a complete picture of productivity. Nor did they reasonably allow for ports or terminals outside the top 10 in port productivity to make the rankings, resulting in an overly predictable list year after year. 

So this year, we analyzed which terminals made the greatest strides in port efficiency from 2014 to 2015. It is, by definition, difficult for a high-performing terminal to make these lists, so for those accustomed to appearing at the top, understand that your performance is no less worthy.

For this year’s rankings, we’ve also broken the world down into nine regions, separating Africa and Europe, and Latin America and North America, which previously had been grouped together.  

Starting with berth productivity — the average number of container moves per crane, per hour while a ship is at berth — we’ve measured relative improvement. We then weighted those productivity numbers by call size to achieve actual improvement in year-over-year performance, the measurement by which the rankings have been listed. 

To qualify, a terminal must have improved actual and relative (unweighted) productivity, and processed more than 100 ship calls in 2015 and a minimum of 50 in 2014. 

For more information on purchasing the underlying data or to learn more about our Port Productivity Subscription Report, which provides in-depth industry market analysis, visit


DP World Maputo Maputo Mozambique 119% 21%
Tanzania Int'l Container Terminal Services Dar es Salaam Tanzania 36% 37%
Luanda Container Terminal Luanda Angola 32% 52%
Walvis Bay Container Terminal Walvis Bay Namibia 23% 6%
Societe de Manutention du Terminal a Conteneurs Cotonou Benin 13% 13%
APM Terminals Pecem Pecem Brazil 38% 2%
Tecon Suape Container Terminal Suape Brazil 35% 20%
Manzanillo International Terminal Manzanillo Panama 23% 16%
Panama Ports Co. Cristobal Panama 20% 16%
Terminal 2-Rio Multitermais Container Terminal Rio de Janeiro Brazil 19% 5%
DP World Brisbane Brisbane Australia 20% 3%
Napier Container Terminal Napier New Zealand 11% 1%
DP World Fremantle Fremantle Australia 6% 24%
Patrick West Swanson Dock Container Terminal Melbourne Australia 2% 16%
South Harbor Int'l Container Terminal (ATI) Manila Philippines 35% 8%
Nam Hai Terminal Haiphong Vietnam 23% 22%
Evergreen Container Terminal - LCB2 Laem Chabang Thailand 19% 17%
PSA Singapore Terminals Singapore Singapore 15% 6%
Terminal Petikemas Surabaya Surabaya Indonesia 9% 11%
EAST ASIA        
Korea Express Busan Container Terminal Busan South Korea 26% 9%
Evergreen Toyko Container Terminal Tokyo Japan 20% 11%
Dongbu Pusan Container Terminal Busan South Korea 18% 3%
Yokohama Honmoku Pier, Berth A-7 Yokohama Japan 17% 27%
Yokohama Daikoku Pier, Berth C-3 Yokohama Japan 14% 11%
Oman International Container Terminal Sohar Oman 66% 101%
Shuaiba Area Container Terminal Shuaiba Kuwait 24% 18%
Aqaba Container Terminal Aqaba Jordan 16% 7%
Jawaharlal Nehru Container Terminal Nehru India 12% 18%
South Container Terminal Jeddah Saudi Arabia 2% 20%
Conley Container Terminal Boston U.S. 14% 10%
Deltaport Port Metro Vancouver Canada 6% 12%
Wando Welch Terminal Charleston U.S. 1% 9%
Muuga Harbour Container Terminal Tallinn Estonia 39% 28%
Le Havre North Terminals-Quais des Ameriques Le Havre France 35% 8%
HHLA Container Terminal Altenwerder Hamburg Germany 30% 21%
First Container Terminal St. Petersburg Russia 20% 14%
HHLA Container Terminal Burchardkai Hamburg Germany 15% 9%
Port Akdeniz Antalya Turkey 40% 2%
Durres Container Terminal Durres Albania 32% 18%
Piraeus Port Authority-Container Terminal Piraeus Greece 22% 14%
Terminal Maritima de Castellon Castellon Spain 22% 48%
Malta Freeport Terminals Malta Freeport Malta 20% 7%
Source: JOC Port Productivity database