TOP 100 IMPORTERS in 2013: U.S. FOREIGN TRADE VIA OCEAN CONTAINER TRANSPORT
1WAL-MART STORES731,500Bentonville, Ark.Retail
 Held a U.S. Manufacturing Summit in August 2013 with 500 suppliers. Committed to spend additional $50 billion over 10 years for more U.S. products.
2TARGET511,600MinneapolisRetail
 Has 1,789 stores and 37 distribution centers in the U.S. There are 127 stores and three distribution centers in Canada.
3HOME DEPOT325,200AtlantaRetail
 Operates 2,263 retail stores, including 1,977 in the U.S., Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands. Canada has 180 stores and Mexico 106.
4LOWE’S236,500Mooresville, N.C.Retail
 Lowe’s has more than 1,830 home improvement and hardware stores serving 15 million customers a week in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
5DOLE FOOD211,200Westlake Village, Calif.Diversified
 One of the largest global producers and marketers of high-quality fresh fruit and fresh vegetables. The packaged foods and Asia fresh businesses were sold to Itochu in April 2013.
6SEARS HOLDING207,700Hoffman Estates, Ill.Retail
 Operating parent of Kmart and Sears since 2005. Operates 2,400 stores in the U.S. and Canada. Among its brands are Kenmore, Craftsman, DieHard, Lands’ End, Kardashian Kollection, Joe Boxer and Sandra by Sandra Lee.
7CHIQUITA BRANDS INTERNATIONAL 162,600Charlotte, N.C.Fresh Fruit and Vegetables
 Operates Great White Fleet liner services. Will move its port call from Gulfport, Mississippi, to New Orleans by the first quarter of 2015 after a nearly 40-year hiatus.
8HEINEKEN USA149,300White Plains, N.Y.Beverages
 In over 70 countries and operates more than 165 breweries. Offers more than 200 specialty beers and ciders, including Heineken, Amstel and Fosters.
9SAMSUNG AMERICA135,400Ridgefield Park, N.J.Conglomerate
 Member of Samsung Group of Korea. Global flagship unit is electronics. U.S. divisions include electronics, enterprise, telecommunications and semiconductors.
10PHILIPS ELECTRONICS NORTH AMERICA 128,600Andover, Mass.Electronics
 Subsidiary of Dutch company Royal Phillips Electronics. Operates three divisions: health care, lighting and consumer lifestyle electronics.
11LG GROUP127,200Englewood Cliffs, N.J.Conglomerate
 South Korea industrial group. Major business units are chemicals, electronics/home appliances and telecommunications. Made the first radio in Korea in 1959. Formerly known as Lucky Goldstar.
12IKEA INTERNATIONAL115,100Conshohocken, Pa.Retail
 Owned by the Stichting INGKA Foundation, the group has 298 stores in 26 countries plus 40 stores in 15 countries franchised outside of the group. Has 1,084 suppliers in 53 countries.
13NIKE94,500Beaverton, Ore.Footwear & Apparel
 Sells footwear, apparel, equipment and accessory products worldwide. Brands include Converse, Hurley International and Nike Golf. Umbro and Cole Haan have been divested.
14J.C. PENNEY92,687Plano, TexasRetail
 Has 1,100 apparel and home furnishings stores in the U.S. and Puerto Rico. There are now 476 Sephora shops in the stores.
15JARDEN90,000Rye, N.Y.Outdoor & Home Goods
 Supplies penny blanks to the U.S. Mint. Brands include Ball Jars, Yankee Candle, First Alert, Mr. Coffee, Sunbeam, Oster, Crock-Pot, Pine Mountain Fire Logs and Coleman.
16COSTCO WHOLESALE88,700Issaquah, Wash.Retail
 Operates 652 warehouses, including 463 in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, 87 in Canada, 33 in Mexico, 25 in the U.K., 19 in Japan, 10 in Taiwan, 10 in South Korea and five in Australia.
17GENERAL ELECTRIC79,100Fairfield, Conn.Conglomerate
 Diversified global infrastructure and finance company. More than half of its revenue is generated outside the United States.
18ASHLEY FURNITURE INDUSTRIES 77,900Arcadia, Wis.Furniture
 Private manufacturer and distributor to licensed Ashley Furniture Home Stores and dealers.
19RED BULL NORTH AMERICA76,300Santa Monica, Calif.Beverages
 Private Austrian company with high-caffeine energy drink. Owns U.S. Red Bull soccer team and Newark, New Jersey, soccer stadium.
20FAMILY DOLLAR STORES68,600Matthews, N.C.Retail
 Operates 7,900 stores in 46 states with sales exceeding $10 billion.
21DOLLAR TREE STORES66,500Chesapeake, Va.Retail
 Operates 4,992 discount variety retail stores in the U.S. and Canada under the names Dollar Tree, Deal$, Dollar Tree Deal$, Dollar Giant and Dollar Bills.
22WHIRLPOOL65,300Benton Harbor, Mich.Appliances
 Whirlpool, Maytag, KitchenAid, Jenn-Air and Amana brands sold primarily to retailers, distributors and builders.
23WILLIAMS-SONOMA56,700San FranciscoRetail
 Nationwide specialty retailer with several brands: Williams-Sonoma, Pottery Barn, Pottery Barn Kids, PBteen, West Elm and W-S Home. Acquired Rejuvination in November 2011.
24BIG LOTS55,500Columbus, OhioCloseout Retail
 Formerly Consolidated Stores, the closeout retailer has more than 1,500 retail stores in the U.S. and five distribution centers that total nearly 9 million square feet.
25GAP STORES55,200San FranciscoRetail
 Specialty retailer operates five apparel brands: Gap, Old Navy, Banana Republic, Piperlime and Athleta. Global sourcing with largest share from mainland China.
26KOHL’S51,300Menomonee, Wis.Retail
 Operates more than 1,100 family-oriented department stores in 49 states, along with nine distribution centers.
27MERCEDES BENZ USA/DAIMLER TRUCKS 47,300Montvale, N.J.; Portland, Ore.Motor Vehicles/Trucks
 Unit of Germany’s Daimler. Mercedes Benz USA is responsible for U.S. distribution and marketing of Mercedes-Benz, Maybach, smart and Sprinter products. Daimler Trucks in Portland is a separate business unit.
28PIER 1 IMPORTS46,000Fort Worth, TexasRetail
 Furniture and accessories retailer has more than 1,000 stores in the U.S. and Canada.
29DOREL INDUSTRIES45,800MontrealFurniture/Bicycles
 Brands include Ameriwood, Pacific Cycle, Cycling Sports, Altra Furniture and Cosco Home and Office. Annual sales reached $2.4 billion in 2013.
30ROOMS TO GO43,700Seffner, Fla.Retail Furniture
 Private Seaman family "packaged room settings" furniture business with more than 150 stores and showrooms. Most inventory has "next day delivery."
31STAPLES43,600Framingham, Mass.Retail
 Operates throughout North and South America, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand.
32HEWLETT-PACKARD42,900Palo Alto, Calif.Computer Technology
 Offers IT infrastructure, global services, business and home computing, as well as imaging and printing. In joint venture with Foxconn for cloud-optimized servers.
33DOLLAR GENERAL42,600Goodlettsville, Tenn.Retail
 Operates 11,000 discount variety retail stores in 40 states with 12 distribution centers.
34MICHELIN NORTH AMERICA40,700Greenville, S.C.Tires
 Operates eight plants in 16 locations. Manufactures and sells tires for airplanes, automobiles, farm equipment, heavy-duty trucks, motorcycles, bicycles and the space shuttle. Manufactures tires in Alabama, Indiana, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Carolina and South Carolina.
35MICHAELS STORES38,000Irving, TexasRetail
 Largest arts and crafts specialty retailer in the U.S. with 1,105 Michaels and 123 Aaron Brothers stores.
36 tieSONY CORP. OF AMERICA37,200New YorkElectronics
 Sells music, entertainment, computers, electronics products and semiconductors.
36 tieTOYS ‘R’ US37,200Wayne, N.J.Toys-Retail
 Has a 60-foot ferris wheel in its Times Square flagship store. Owned by private equity. Acquired FAO Schwartz, etoys and KB Toys over the last several years. Has 600 stores in the U.S; 715 international stores and 180 licensed stores in 35 countries.
38ELECTROLUX36,600Charlotte, N.C.; StockholmAppliances
 Household and commercial appliance brands include Electrolux, AEG, Frigidaire and Eureka. Sells more than 50 million products to customers in 150 countries every year.
39 tieMATTEL36,400El Segundo, Calif.Toys
 Brands include Barbie, Hot Wheels, Matchbox, American Girl and Fisher-Price. Acquired Mega Brands’ Mega Bloks in April.
39 tieNESTLE USA/NESTLE WATERS36,400Glendale, Calif.; St. Louis; Greenwich, Conn.Food/Beverages/Pet Food
 Swiss parent is the world’s largest food company. In 2013 organic growth was 5.1 percent in the Americas, 0.8 percent in Europe and 7.4 percent in Asia, Oceania and Africa. Acquired Wyeth Nutrition in 2012.
41SOL GROUP MARKETING35,400Pompano Beach, Fla.Fruit
 A subsidiary of Ireland’s Fyffes PLC. Specializes in cantaloupes, watermelons and honeydews from its farms in Honduras. Also markets Turbana bananas and Fyffe pineapples.
42BRIDGESTONE AMERICAS35,200Nashville, Tenn.Tires, Auto Products
 Americas holding company for Japan’s Bridgestone. Has more than 50 production facilities in the Americas.
43BMW OF NORTH AMERICA34,800Woodcliff Lake, N.J.Motor Vehicles
 Imports and distributes BMW, Rolls-Royce, Mini brand vehicles and light trucks along with parts for the South Carolina assembly plant. A regional distribution center is in Nazareth, Pennsylvania.
44ANHEUSER BUSCH INBEV34,700St. LouisBeverages
 In 2008 Anheuser-Busch combined with Belgium-based InBev. Its merger with Grupo Modelo in a transaction valued at $20.1 billion was completed a year ago.
45BEST BUY33,300Richfield, Minn.Retail
 Consumer electronics and appliance retailer operates 1,968 stores in 54.9 million square feet.
46CANON USA33,200Melville, N.Y.Photo Imaging
 Subsidiary of Japan’s Canon. Opened new U.S. headquarters in Melville, New York, in 2012.
47 tieSOUTHERN WINES & SPIRITS OF AMERICA32,700MiamiBeverages
 Founded in 1968, the distributor operates in 35 states along with several joint ventures. Represents more than 1,500 suppliers with more than 5,000 brands.
47 tieTOYOTA TSUSHO AMERICA32,700Florence, Ky.Conglomerate
 Operates trading and supply chain management within Toyota Group. Global headquarters in Japan. Divisions include metals, machinery/electronics, chemicals/plastics, automotive, agriculture/food and consumer products.
49PANASONIC CORP. OF NORTH AMERICA32,000Secaucus, N.J.Electronics
 Formerly known as Matsushita Electric of America. Brands include Panasonic, Technics, Quasar and JVC. Moved headquarters to Newark, New Jersey, in 2013
50GILDAN ACTIVEWEAR31,300MontrealApparel
 Manufacturer and marketer of knit apparel for logo, screen-print markets and work uniforms. Sock and underwear supplier. Bought Gold Toe Moretz Holdings for $350 million in 2011. Closed remaining U.S. sock plants. Has Caribbean and Central America operations. Acquired Anvil Holdings in May 2012.
51HANKOOK TIRE AMERICA31,000Wayne, N.J.Tires
 Parent is South Korea’s Hankook Tire. The company was feted by the White House for its foreign direct investment in its business expansion. Michelin sold its 10 percent stake three years ago.
52BED BATH & BEYOND29,600Union, N.J.Retail
 Owns more than 1,400 stores including Christmas Tree Shops, Harmon, buybuyBaby and a BtoB distributor, Linens Holdings. Acquired Cost Plus World Market in June 2012.
53AMERICAN HONDA MOTOR, HONDA NORTH AMERICA29,400Torrance, Calif.Automotive Goods
 Makes motorcycles, cars and lawnmowers. Subsidiary of Japan’s Honda Motor.
54MACY’S29,200CincinnatiRetail
 The company operates the Macy’s and Bloomingdale’s brands with about 840 department stores in 45 states along with 12 Bloomingdale’s Outlet stores. Dubai has a licensed Bloomingdale’s.
55SPECTRUM BRANDS HOLDINGS28,100Middleton, Wis.Appliances
 The Applica Consumer Products and Salton merger was later rebranded as Russell Hobbs. Brands include Black & Decker, George Foreman, Farberware®, Juiceman and Toastmaster.
56CATERPILLAR27,800Peoria, Ill.Machinery & Equipment
 75 Cat machines have been helping to enlarge the Panama Canal since 2007. The business model uses a global dealer network for its 300 equipment models.
57ITOCHU INTERNATIONAL27,300New YorkConglomerate
 North American unit of parent trading company Itochu Japan. Acquired Dole’s packaged foods and Asia fresh businesses in April 2013.
58CONTINENTAL TIRE27,000Fort Mill, S.C.Tires
 High-performance tire manufacturer for automobiles, trucks and buses. Also known as conti-tires.
59 tieARAUCO WOOD PRODUCTS26,300AtlantaForest Products
 Santiago, Chile, headquarters. Parent is Celulosa Arauco y Constitucion, Chile’s largest pulp and paper producer. Forestry, wood pulp, sawn timber and panel business units. Acquisitions in the last few years include a North Carolina Moncure panel mill and the Flakeboard panel company in 2012.
59 tieROSS STORES26,300Pleasanton, Calif.Retail
 Discount apparel and home goods retailer operates more than 1,000 Ross Dress for Less stores and DD’s Discounts stores.
61FRESH DEL MONTE PRODUCE25,800Coral Gables, Fla.Foods
 Fresh Del Monte Produce is not affiliated with Del Monte Foods, the owner of the Del Monte trademark.
62 tieNISSAN NORTH AMERICA25,200Franklin, Tenn.Automobiles
 U.S. manufacturing plants in Smyrna and Decherd, Tennessee, and in Canton, Mississippi. New York City selected the Nissan NV200 as the city’s exclusive taxi starting in late 2013.
62 tieHASBRO25,200Pawtucket, R.I.Toys
 Brands include Play-Doh, Mr. Potato Head, Transformers, Nerf, Playskool, My Little Pony, G.I. Joe, Monopoly and a Sesame Street toy line.
64GEA PRODUCTS24,600Louisville, Ky.Appliances
 Imports through the West Coast to Asia, mostly from China.
65 tieKEYSTONE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRIES23,800Exeter, Pa.Auto Parts
 Wholesale distributor and marketer of aftermarket automotive equipment and accessories with 25 stores, five distribution centers, 20 cross-docks and 350 trucks.
65 tieMOBIS PARTS AMERICA23,800MiamiAuto Parts
 Based in Dusseldorf. Auto parts move primarily to South Korea with additional cargo to Central America and the Caribbean.
67CONAIR23,500East Windsor, N.J.Appliances & Personal Care
 Private personal care company with distribution centers in East Windsor, New Jersey, Phoenix and a manufacturing facility in Rantoul, Illinois.
68BOB’S DISCOUNT FURNITURE22,800Manchester, Conn.Furniture
 Operates 50 discount furniture showrooms in 11 states concentrated in the Northeast. Serves free coffee and dessert. Delivers 15,000 pieces a week through nine delivery hubs.
69VF22,500Greensboro, N.C.Apparel
 Apparel manufacturer acquired Timberland for $2.3 billion in September 2011. Other brands include North Face, Nautica, Wrangler and Vans.
70HANES BRANDS22,000Winston-Salem, N.C.Apparel
 Branded under basics include L’Eggs, Just My Size, Champion, Bali, Playtex, Wonderbra, Outer Banks and Barely There.
71COASTER OF AMERICA21,600Santa Fe Springs, Calif.Furniture
 U.S. furniture distributor with seven branches supporting nationwide dealer network.
72FURNITURE BRANDS INTERNATIONAL 21,500Clayton, Mo.Furniture
 Integrated designer, manufacturer and home furnishings retailer. Overseas manufacturing plants in Mexico, the Philippines and Indonesia. There are 12 U.S. distribution centers and 11 plants.
73TJX21,000Framingham, Mass.Retail
 Opportunistic buying discount retailer of apparel and home fashions. Store brands include HomeGoods, TJ Maxx and Marshalls.
74RAYMOUR AND FLANIGAN FURNITURE 20,900Liverpool, N.Y.Retail
 Northeast U.S. family owned furniture retailer with 95 stores and showrooms.
75ADIDAS GROUP 20,700Portland, Ore.Sports/Lifestyle
 Based in Germany. Owns Taylor-Made-Adidas Golf, Rockport, Reebok and CCM-Hockey.
76FALKEN TIRE20,600Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.Tires
 Subsidiary of Sumitomo Rubber Industries of Japan, produces high-performance racing tires. Distribution centers in California, Tennessee, New Jersey, Texas and Florida.
77PHILLIPS VAN HEUSEN20,100New YorkApparel
 Owns more than a dozen apparel brands, including Calvin Klein, Izod, Bass, Arrow and Tommy Hilfiger in addition to licensed brands.
78PAYLESS SHOE SOURCE 19,900Topeka, Kan.Retail
 Parent company is Collective Brands of Topeka, Kansas. Operates 4,400 stores in 30 countries.
79JOANN FABRIC ANDCRAFT STORES 19,100Hudson, OhioRetail
 The chain sells fabric, craft and sewing materials. Previously publicly traded, merged with private equity firm Leonard Green & Partners in 2011. Has distribution centers in Hudson, Ohio; Visalia, California; and Opelika, Alabama
80DEL MONTE FOODS 18,900San FranciscoFoods
 Fresh Del Monte Produce is not affiliated with Del Monte Foods, the owner of the Del Monte trademark.
81 tieGITI TIRE18,700Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.Tires
 Based in Singapore and entered the China market in 1993. China’s largest tire manufacturer also has plants in Indonesia manufacturing radial and bias tires.
81 tieMARUBENI AMERICA18,700New YorkConglomerate
 Largest overseas subsidiary of Japanese trading house Marubeni Corp. Top products include chemicals and machinery.
83DEERE18,400Moline, Ill.Mfg-Equipment
 Deere celebrated its 175th birthday in 2012. Net sales in 2012 were $37.8 billion. New factory construction in India and China along with plant expansion plans for India, Brazil, Argentina, Russia and the U.S. continue.
84 tieWALGREENS18,200Deerfield, Ill.Retail
 Largest U.S. drugstore chain with 8,699 stores, including Duane Reade, in 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
84 tieLIMITED BRANDS18,200Columbus, OhioRetail
 Brands include Victoria’s Secret, PINK, Bath and Body Works, La Senza and Henri Bendel. Mast Global provides production, sourcing and logistics.
86TRACTOR SUPPLY17,600Brentwood, Tenn.Retail
 Begun as a small tractor parts business, it now has 1,300 stores in 48 states in rural America.
87 tieDUPONT17,500Wilmington, Del.Diversified
 Acquired food ingredients company Danisco in 2011. Bought remaining 28 percent of soy-based ingredients company Solae from Bunge in 2012. Sold Performance Coatings unit to Carlyle Group in 2013.
87 tieKROGER17,500Cincinnati, OhioRetail
 Fred Meyer stores are a department store unit of grocery retailer Kroger. Offers general merchandise and foodstuffs.
87 tieFONTERRA USA17,500Rosemont, Ill.Dairy Products
 Largest cooperative in New Zealand with more than 16,000 dairy farmers supplying 22 billion liters of milk a year. Some of the New Zealand production is traded on Global Dairy Trade, an online platform.
90CARDINAL HEALTH17,300Dublin, OhioMedical Supplies
 Provides pharmaceuticals and medical products to thousands of locations daily. Manufactures medical and surgical products, including gloves, surgical apparel and fluid management products.
91HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRIES17,100HoustonElectronics
 Anchor company of the Taiwan-based contract electronics manufacturer Hon Hai/Foxconn Technology Group. Also offers design, engineering, machine tooling and after sales services. Largest exporter in greater China.
92RICOH AMERICAS16,800West Caldwell, N.J.Imaging Technology
 Parent is Japan’s Ricoh Co. Distributor is IKON Office Solutions. Ricoh put up the first billboard in New York’s Times Square that was totally wind- and solar-powered.
93HAIER AMERICA TRADING16,300New YorkAppliances
 Subsidiary of China’s Haier Group. The appliance and consumer electronics business has operated in the U.S. since 1999 and will relocate headquarters to Wayne, New Jersey, in the third quarter of 2014.
94 tieEUROMARKET DESIGNS15,800Northbrook, Ill.Retail
 Privately owned by Otto Group of Hamburg, the contemporary home goods retailer known as Crate & Barrel also operates CB2 and partners with the Land of Nod. The 100-store chain has U.S., Canada, Mexico, Singapore and Dubai locations.
94 tieTOYO TIRE & RUBBER15,800Cypress, Calif.Tires
 Unit of Japanese tiremaker. Japanese sales represent almost half of annual revenue. Owns 75 percent share of Shandong Silverstone Luhe Rubber & Tyre in China. Warehouses in California, Texas, Georgia, Illinois and Pennsylvania.
94 tieCVS/CAREMARK15,800Woonsocket, R.I.Retail
 20 distribution centers with about 11.5 million square feet handle 7,660 stores.
97FIRST SOLAR ELECTRIC15,600Tempe, Ariz.Solar Electric
 Low-cost alternative to retail electric in non-subsidized solar electric modules with proprietary semiconductor technology for worldwide rural applications. Has recycling program.
98KIA MOTORS AMERICA15,300West Point, Ga.Automobiles
 U.S. marketing and distribution arm of Kia Motors of Seoul, South Korea. First U.S. plant opened in 2010 in West Point, Ga., to make the Sorento and Optima models.
99 tieGOYA FOODS15,100Secaucus, N.J.Foods
 The largest Hispanic-owned food company in the U.S. is family owned.
99 tieDSW15,100Columbus, OhioRetail
 Footwear and accessories retailer completed merger with Retails Ventures in May 2011. Operates 394 stores in 42 states and 356 leased departments for other retailers as of May 2014.

About the rankings

The Journal of Commerce’s annual Top 100 U.S. Importers and Exporters ranking begins with data from PIERS, the data division of JOC Group, and is enhanced by information gathered from other industry sources. The figures are expressed in 20-foot-equivalent units, or TEUs, the most common standard measurement of containerized ocean shipping. One standard 40-foot ocean container equals two TEUs.

These lists are restricted to shippers — beneficial owners of containerized cargo that entered or exited U.S. ports by ocean vessel during 2013. The statistics do not include shippers associations, carriers, non-vessel-operating common carriers, forwarders or brokers, third-party logistics providers, banks, or “to-order” negotiable bills of lading, or data falling under privacy strictures. International import and export cargoes into and out of the U.S. via air, rail or truck are not included.

In tandem with last year’s ranking and considerable industry research, the list also identifies corporate subsidiaries and strives to reflect any changes in corporate status related to mergers, acquisitions, spinoffs, formal name changes or bankruptcy filings. We also identify the location of corporate headquarters and, if the global headquarters is outside the U.S., the parent company. We indicate a website if one is available and the industry sector, adding a short note about each company, often recent news or an interesting fact. These rankings represent our best approximation of the total international oceanborne shipments by these companies and their subsidiaries.

We welcome your feedback!

Contact Marsha Salisbury at msalisbury@joc.com and follow her on Twitter: @marshsalisbury.