For those companies ranked in the JOC’s Top 100 U.S. Importers in 2015, growth was driven by more than mergers and acquisitions. It took tenacity and perseverance in building scale with global agility and sometimes handling rejection. After growing 6.5 percent from 2013 to 2014 and 2.7 percent from 2014 to 2015, U.S. imports are predicted to rise 5.7 percent in 2016, according to IHS Senior Economist Mario Moreno.

Lowe’s sought to acquire its Canadian rival Rona without success in 2012. Through perseverance, however, in a $2.4 billion deal in late May, Lowe’s of Moorestown, North Carolina, acquired Rona with 496 corporate and dealer-owned stores plus nine distribution centers in Canada. Lowe’s was No. 4 in the Top 100 U.S. Importers rankings in 2015, with 261,500  20-foot-equivalent units imported into the U.S.

Last year, 31st-ranked Dollar General's hostile all cash $9.1 billion bid for 7th-ranked Family Dollar was rejected in lieu of a lesser $8.5 million offer by Dollar Tree, resulting in a Family Dollar/Dollar Tree July 2015 closing.  In first-quarter 2016 Dollar General sought organic growth, opening 249 new stores and remodeling or relocating 301 others. By year-end 2016, the company anticipates there will be 900 new stores and 875 remodeled/relocated facilities. There are plans to open about 1,000 stores and remodel or relocate about 900 stores next year.

Subject to regulatory approval, 33rd-ranked Anheuser-Busch InBev’s proposed acquisition of rival SABMiller in a $100 billion-plus deal is expected to close in 2016. In anticipation of regulators, AB InBev is paring down; Molson Coors will buy the SABMiller JV stake in MillerCoors U.S. business for $12 billion, and the Asahi Group bought Peroni, Grolsch and  Meantime brands in April for $2.9 billion. Heineken, ranked No. 26 on the JOC’s Top 100 Importers list for 2015, had rebuffed two unsolicited bids by SABMiller in 2014, preferring the independent course. It’s now realigned its partnership arrangements with Diageo, acquired 50 percent interest in the U.S. craft beer maker Lagunitas Brewing, and opened a greenfield brewery in Myanmar.

The $3.3 billion bid by 42nd-ranked Electrolux for the GE Appliances division of 17th-ranked General Electric fell through in 2015, but No. 85 ranked Haier America Trading’s sister subsidiary Qingdao Haier closed the deal in early June for $5.6 billion. General Electric CEO Jeff Immelt is considering oil and gas investment targets for GE’s $150 billion 'war chest.'

Southern Wines & Spirits of America was No. 48 on the JOC’s Top 100 U.S. Importers rankings in 2015, importing 33,400 TEUs. It represents more than 1,500 suppliers with more than 5,000 brands with distribution in 35 states. Subject to regulatory approvals, it is anticipated to combine with privately held Glazer's of Dallas a distributor operating in 15 states, Canada and the Caribbean to form Southern Glazer's Wine & Spirits (Southern Glazer's) later this year. The new organization will be the largest wines and spirits distributor in North America, with headquarters in Miami and a significant presence in Dallas. The combined annual U.S. distribution volume is anticipated to exceed 150 million cases across 41 states, District of Columbia, Canada, and the Caribbean.

To find out more information about company game changers, combinations, acquisitions, expansions, divestments and closings among the JOC Top 100 Importers in 2015, attend our free webcast on Thursday, June 30, 2016, at 2 p.m.EDT. Thereafter, the webcast will be available on demand.

Register at http://www.joc.com/webcast/top-100-importers.

Examine our JOC Top 100 Importers in 2015 rankings in detail at http://www.joc.com/special-topics/top-100-us-importers.

Contact Marsha Salisbury, Research Editor at marsha.salisbury@ihs.com and follow her on Twitter: @marshsalisbury.

 

THE JOC TOP 100
IMPORTERS
U.S. FOREIGN TRADE VIA OCEAN CONTAINER TRANSPORT
2015
Rank
JOC Top 100 ImportersTEUs in 2015HeadquartersWebsiteSectorNotes
1Wal-Mart Stores795,900Bentonville, Ark.www.walmartstores.comRetailHeld a U.S. Manufacturing Summit in August 2013 with 500 suppliers. Committed to spend additional $50 billion for more U.S. products over 10 years.
2Target537,000Minneapoliswww.target.comRetailHas 1,795 stores in the U.S. and 38 distribution centers.
3Home Depot352,900Atlantawww.homedepot.comRetailOperates 2,269 retail stores, including 1,977 stores in the U.S., Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, Canada and Mexico.
4Lowe's261,500Mooresville, N.C.www.lowes.comRetailHome improvement and hardward stores in the U.S., Canada and Mexico.
5Dole Food216,800Thousand Oaks, Calif.www.dole.comFruit & VegetablesOne of the largest global producers and marketers of high-quality fresh fruit and fresh vegetables. Sold its worldwide packaged foods and Asia fresh businesses to Itochu of Japan.
6Samsung America159,300Ridgefield Park, N.J.www.samsung.comConglomerateMember of Samsung Group of Korea. Global flagship unit is electronics. U.S. divisions include electronics, enterprise, telecommunications and semiconductors.
7Family Dollar Stores/Dollar Tree153,200Matthews, N.C., Chesapeake, Va.www.familydollar.comRetailOperates discount variety retail stores. Its hostile bid for Family Dollar was rejected last year.
8LG Group142,300Englewood Cliffs, N.J.www.lgcorp.comConglomerateSouth Korea industrial group. Major business units are chemicals, electronics/home appliances and telecommunications. Made the first radio in Korea in 1959. Formerly known as Lucky Goldstar.
9Chiquita Brands International142,000Fort Lauderdale, Fla.www.chiquita.comFresh Fruit and VegetablesOperates Great White Fleet liner services. Moved port call from Gulfport, Mississippi, to New Orleans after a nearly 40-year hiatus.
10Ikea International135,500Conshohocken, Pa.www.ikea.comRetailOwned by the Stichting INGKA Foundation, the group has 328 stores in 28 countries and 33 distribution centers. Has 978 suppliers in 50 countries.
11Philips Electronics North America130,000Andover, Mass.www.usa.philips.comElectronicsSubsidiary of Dutch company Royal Phillips Electronics. Three divisions — health care, lighting and consumer lifestyle electronics.
12Nike105,800Beaverton, Ore.www.nikebiz.comFootwear & ApparelSells footwear, apparel, equipment and accessory products worldwide.
13Jarden105,000Boca Raton, Fla.www.jarden.comOutdoor & Home GoodsSupplies penny blanks to U.S. Mint. Brands include Ball Jars, Yankee Candle, First Alert, Mr. Coffee, Sunbeam, Oster, Crock-Pot, Pine Mountain Fire Logs and Coleman.
14Costco Wholesale101,500Issaquah, Wash.www.cosco.comRetailOperates 703 warehouses, including 492 in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, 90 in Canada, 36 in Mexico, 27 in the U.K., 24 in Japan, 12 in Taiwan, 12 in Korea and 8 in Australia.
15Sears Holding100,000Hoffman Estates, Ill.www.sears.holdings.comRetail-Consumer GoodsOperating parent of Kmart and Sears since 2005. Spun-off Land's End in 2014, but kept its shops in Sears stores. Among its brands are Kenmore, Craftsman, DieHard.
16J.C. Penney98,000Plano, Texaswww.jcpenney.netRetailApparel and home furnishings stores in U.S. and Puerto Rico. Adding more Sephora shops among the stores.
17General Electric84,000Fairfield, Conn.www.ge,comConglomerateDiversified global infrastructure and finance firm. More than half of its revenue has been generated outside the United States. The Electrolux acquisition fell through last year, but Qingdao Haier stepped in for it.
18Ashley Furniture Industries77,900Arcadia, Wis.www.ashleyfurniture.comFurniturePrivate manufacturer and distributor to licensed Ashley Furniture Home Stores and to dealers.
19Whirlpool68,000Benton Harbor, Mich.www.whirlpool.comAppliancesWhirlpool, Maytag, KitchenAid, Jenn-Air, and Amana brands sold primarily to retailers, distributors and builders. Acquired American Dryer Corp.
20Williams-Sonoma64,000San Franciscowww.williams-sonomainc.comRetailNationwide specialty retailer with 601 stores: Brands include Williams-Sonoma, Pottery Barn, Pottery Barn Kids, PBteen, West Elm, W-S Home, Rejuvination, Mark and Graham.
21Heineken USA63,800White Plains, N.Y.www.heinekeninternational.comBeveragesOperates in more than 70 countries with more than 150 breweries. Offers more than 200 specialty beers and ciders, including Heineken, Amstel and Fosters. 
22Red Bull North America60,100Santa Monica, Calif.www.redbull.comBeveragesPrivate Austrian company with high-caffeine energy drink Owns U.S. Red Bull soccer team and Newark, New Jersey, soccer stadium.
23Mercedes Benz USA/Daimler Trucks58,700Atlanta, Portlandwww.mbusa.com
www.daimler.com
Automotive GoodsDaimler of Germany unit. Responsible for U.S. distribution and marketing of Mercedes-Benz, Maybach, smart, and Sprinter products. Trucks in Portland is a separate business unit.
24Gap Stores56,200San Franciscowww.gap.comRetailSpecialty retailer operates five apparel brands: Gap, Old Navy, Banana Republic, Intermix and Athleta brands. Added 40 new stores in greater China in 2014. Piper Lime closure.
25Nestle USA/Nestle Waters54,800Glendale, Calif.; St. Louis; Greenwich, Conn.www.nestle.comFood/Beverages/Pet FoodSwiss parent is the world's largest food company. Brands include Nespresso, Purina, Nestle Waters, Stouffers, Lean Cuisine, Gerber, Haagen-Dazs, others.
26Michelin North America50,900Greenville, S.C.www.michelin.comMfg-Tire & RubberThe Michelin Group operates 68 tire plants in 17 countries of which Michelin North America has 19 plants in 16 locations.The 10-year $1.7 billion U.S. military contract for all ground and aircraft tires ends in 2017. In 2015, BlackCircles.com, leading tire e-tailer in the U.K., was purchased along with a 40 percent stake in French tire e-tailer Allopneu SAS.
27Rooms to Go50,200Seffner, Fla.www.roomstogo.comRetail FurnitureIndependent furniture retailer with more than 150 showroom stores with packaged room settings.
28Kohl's50,100Menomonee, Wis.www.kohls.comRetailKohl's operates family oriented department stores in 49 states and has nine distribution centers.
29Big Lots50,000Columbus, Ohiowww.biglotscorporate.comCloseout RetailFormerly Consolidated Stores, the closeout retailer has more than 1,300 retail stores in the U.S. and has five distribution centers that total nearly 9 million square feet.
30Pier 1 Imports50,000Fort Worthwww.pier1.comRetailFurniture and accessories retailer has more than a thousand stores in the U.S. and Canada.
31Dollar General48,800Goodlettsville, Tenn.www.dollargeneral.comRetailOperates 11,950 discount variety retail stores in 43 states. Its hostile bid for Family Dollar was rejected last year.
32BMW of North America48,400Woodcliff Lake, N.J. Spartansburg, S.C.bmwusa.com
www.bmwusfactory.com
bmwgroup.com
Automotive GoodsBMW Group headquarters is in Munich. Brands include BMW, the Mini and Rolls-Royce. The BMW assembly plant is in Spartansburg, South Carolina. BMW North America in New Jersey handles import distribution of the BMW vehicles, motorcycles and light trucks.
33Anheuser Busch InBev48,000St. Louis, Mo.www.ab-inbev.comBeveragesLeuven, Belgium based. More than 200 beer brands including Budweiser Corona, Stella Artois, Beck’s. Asahi Group bought Peroni, Grolsch and Meantime brands in April for $2.9 billion. Proposed acquisition of SABMiller expected to close in 2016 with the SABMiller U.S. business to go to Molson Coors Brewing.
34Staples45,800Framingham, Mass.www.staples.comRetailOperates throughout North and South America, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand.
35Dorel Industries45,000Montrealwww.dorel.comFurniture/BicyclesBrands include Ameriwood, Schwinn, Mongoose, Pacific Cycle, Cycling Sports, Altra Furniture, Cosco Home and Office.
36Michaels Stores44,700Irving, Texaswww.michaels.comRetailLargest arts and crafts specialty retailer.
37Hankook Tire America44,600Wayne, N.J.www.hankooktireusa.comTiresParent is South Korea's Hankook Tire Co. The company was feted by the White House for its foreign direct investment in its business expansion. Markets and distributes through independent dealers.
38TJX44,000Framingham, Mass.www.tjx.comRetail"Opportunistic buying" discount retailer of apparel and home fashions. Store brands include HomeGoods, TJ Maxx and Marshalls.
39VF42,600Greensboro, N.C.www.vfc.comApparel and Footwear$12.5 billion company has 30 plus brands, including Timberland, The North Face, Nautica, Wrangler, Vans.
40Hanes Brands42,600Winston-Salem, N.C.www.hanesbrands.comApparelBranded under basics include L'Eggs, Just My Size, Champion, Bali, Playtex, Wonderbra, and Barely There, Maidenform.
41Toyota Tsusho America41,800Georgetown, Ky.www.taiamerica.comConglomerateOperates trading and supply chain management within Toyota Group. Global headquarters in Japan. Divisions include metals, machinery/electronics, chemicals/plastics, automotive, agriculture/food, and consumer products.
42Electrolux41,400Charlotte, N.C.; Stockholmwww.electrolux.comAppliancesHousehold and commercial appliance brands include Electrolux, Tappan, Frigidaire and Eureka. Regionally, Europe and North America are their largest markets.
43Sony Corp. of America40,600New Yorkwww.sony.comElectronicsPortfolio includes music, entertainment, computers, electronics and semiconductors.
44Hewlett-Packard40,000Palo Alto, Califwww.hp.comComputer TechnologyOffers IT infrastructure, global services, business and home computing, as well as imaging and printing. In joint venture with Foxconn with cloud-optimized servers.
45Toys 'R' Us40,000Wayne, N.J.www.toysrusinc.comToys-RetailIts New York Times Square flagship store with a 60-foot ferris wheel is now closed. Owned by private equity, Toys 'R' Us and Babies 'R' Us tally 864 stores in the U.S.,755 international stores and 250 licensed stores in 37 countries.
46Sol Group Marketing36,500Pompano Beach, Fla.www.solgroup-marketing.comFruitA subsidiary of Ireland's Fyffes PLC. Specializes in cantaloupes, watermelons and honeydews from its farms in Honduras. Also markets Turbana bananas and Fyffe pineapples.
47Goodyear Tire & Rubber33,900Akron, Ohiocorporate.goodyear.comTiresOhio tiremaker, also produces the Dunlop brand.
48Southern Wines & Spirits of America33,400Miamiwww.southernwine.comBeveragesFounded in 1968, the wine, spirits and beverage distributor operates in 35 states along with several joint ventures. Represents more than 1,500 suppliers with more than 5,000 brands.
49Canon USA33,200Melville, N.Y.www.canon.comPhoto ImagingSubsidiary of Japan's Canon Inc.
50Arauco Wood Products32,500Atlantawww.arauco.clForest ProductsSales and service support for Santiago, Chile, headquarters. Parent is Celulosa Arauco y Constitucion, Chile's largest pulp and paper producer. Products include lumber, plywood, wood pulp, composites and millworks.
51International Korea32,000   Stone and TileSourced from mainland China, Brazil, India, Turkey and Italy via New York-New Jersey, Los Angeles/Long Beach, Savannah and Houston.
52Panasonic Corp. of North America31,700Newark, N.J.www.panasonic.comElectronicsFormerly known as Matsushita Electric of America. Brands include Panasonic, Technics, Quasar and JVC. New headquarters in Newark, New Jersey.
53Mobis Parts America31,200West Point, Ga.; Mongomery, Ala.www.mobisalabama.comAuto PartsSeoul headquarters. Previously known as Hyundai Precision Industry. Auto parts and module supplier to both Hyundai and Kia with plants in Alabama and Georgia.
54Bed Bath & Beyond30,500Union, N.J.www.bedbathandbeyond.comRetailBed, Bath & Beyond owns more than 1,500 stores, including Christmas Tree Shops, Harmon, buybuyBaby and a B to B distributor, LinenHoldings.
55Macy's30,300Cincinnatiwww.federated-fds.comRetailThe company operates the Macy's, Bloomingdale's outlets and the Bluemercury brands with stores in U.S., Guam and Puerto Rico. Dubai has a licensed Bloomingdales.
56Best Buy30,000Richfield, Minn.www.bestbuy.comRetailConsumer electronics and appliance retailer operates 1,700 stores in large and small formats.
57Mattel30,000El Segundo, Calif.www.mattel.comToysBrands include Barbie, Hot Wheels, Matchbox, American Girl, and Fisher-Price. Acquired Mega Brands' Mega Bloks last year.
58American Honda Motor, Honda North America29,900Torrance, Calif. Marysville, Ohiohonda.com
americas.hondatrading.com
hondainamerica.com
Automotive GoodsSubsidiaries of Japan's Honda Motor. Makes automobiles, motorcycles and power equipment. First U.S. plant opened in 1979. Its manufacturing trading house handles the Honda global supply chain — from purchasing raw materials, parts/equipment, supplies for manufacturing through scrap vehicle recycling.
59Continental Tire28,800Fort Mill, S.C.www.continentaltire.comTiresGlobal headquarters in Hanover, Germany. High performance tire manufacturer for automobile, truck and bus. Also known as Conti-tires.
60Bob's Discount Furniture28,600Manchester, Conn,www.mybobs.comFurniture RetailerOperates 57 discount furniture howrooms in 11 states concentrated in the Northeast. Delivers 15,000 pieces a week through nine delivery hubs. Distribution centers in Taftville, Connecticut, and Perryman, Maryland.
61LKQ27,200Chicagowww.lkqcorp.comAuto PartsWholesale distributor and marketer of aftermarket automotive equipment and accessories.
62Caterpillar27,000Peoria, Ill.www.caterpillar.comMfg-MachineryManufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. Calendar 2015 sales and revenue totaled $47 billion.
63Nissan North America\Nissan Trading26,500Franklin, Tenn.; Farmington Hills, Mich.www.nissanusa.comAutomobilesU.S.manufacturing plants in Smyrna and Decherd, Tennessee, and in Canton, Mississippi.
64Hasbro26,000Pawtucket, R.I.www.hasbro.comToysBrands include Play-Doh, Mr. Potato Head, Transformers, Nerf, Playskool, My Little Pony, G.I. Joe, Monopoly along with a Sesame Street toy line.
65Ross Stores25,400Pleasanton, Calif.www.rossstores.comRetailDiscount apparel and home goods retailer operates more than a thousand Ross Dress for Less stores and dd's DISCOUNT stores.
66Gildan Activewear25,000Montrealwww.gildan.comApparel Mfg.Manufacturer and marketer of knit apparel for logo, screen-print markets and work uniforms. Sock and underwear supplier operates vertically integrated, manufacturing facilities, which are primarily located in Central America and the Caribbean Basin.
67Fresh Del Monte Produce24,500Coral Gables, Fla.www.delmonte.comFoodsFresh Del Monte Produce is not affiliated with Del Monte Foods, the owner of the Del Monte trademark.
68Spectrum Brands Holdings24,400Middleton, Wisc.www.spectrumbrands.comAppliancesSpectrum brands include Black & Decker, George Foreman, Farberware®, Juiceman, Remington, Rayovac, and Toastmaster. Spectrum's Applica Consumer Products and Salton merger has been rebranded as Russell Hobbs.
69Conair24,000East Windsor, N.J.www.conair.comAppliances & Personal CarePrivate personal care company with distribution centers in East Windsor, New Jersey; Phoenix, Arizona; and a manufacturing facility in Rantoul, Illinois.
70Toyo Tires23,700Cypress, Calif.www.toyotires.comTiresUnit of Japanese tiremaker. Completed fourth expansion project at White, Georgia, warehousing and manufacturing plant. Also includes Nitto brand.
71Itochu International23,500New Yorkwww.itochu.comDiversifiedNorth American unit of parent trading company Itochu Japan. Bought Dole's packaged foods and Asia fresh businesses in April 2013. In 2015, Itochu Japan agreed to invest $5.2 billion in China's largest conglomerate, Citic (mining, specialty steel and property development).
72Kroger23,100Cincinnati, OHir.kroger.comRetailFred Meyers stores are a department store unit of grocery retailer Kroger. Also has jewelry stores and manufacturing plants.
73Adidas Group23,000Portland, Ore.www.adidas-group.comFootwear and ApparelBased in Germany. Adidas brands include Taylor-Made-Adidas Golf, Rockport, and Reebok.
74Phillips Van Heusen22,700New Yorkwww.pvh.comApparelBrands include Calvin Klein, Tommy Hilfiger, Van Heusen, IZOD, ARROW, Speedo, Warner's and Olga.
75Coaster of America22,200Santa Fe Springs, Calif.www.coastercompany.comFurnitureU.S. furniture distributor with seven branches supporting nationwide dealer network.
76Bridgestone Americas22,100Nashville, Tenn.www.bridgestoneamericas.comTires, Auto ProductsAmericas holding company for Japan's Bridgestone Corp. Has more than 50 production facilities in the Americas.
77Raymour & Flanigan Furniture22,000Liverpool, N.Y.www.raymourflanigan.comRetailNortheast U.S. family owned furniture retailer with 95 full-line showrooms, 11 clearance centers and one distribution center.
78Falken Tire21,500Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.www.falkentire.comTiresSubsidiary of Sumitomo Rubber Industries of Japan, produces high-performance racing tires. Distribution centers in California, Tennessee, New Jersey, Texas and Florida.
79Heritage Home Group21,500High Point, N.C.www.heritagehome.comFurnitureHeritage Home Group has acquired the assets of Furniture Brands Intl. and now owns Broyhill, Thomasville, Lane, Drexel.
80Giti Tire USA21,200Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.www.giti.comTiresHeadquartered in Singapore and entered China market in 1993. China's largest tire manufacturer also has plants in Indonesia manufacturing radial and bias tires.
81Skechers USA21,000Manhattan Beach, Calif.www.skechers.comApparel and FootwearMarkets to retailers and has 100 of its own stores. California DC serves North America, and Belgian DC serves Europe.
82Payless Shoe Source21,000Topeka, Kansaswww.payless.comRetailOperates 4,400 stores in 30 countries. A privately held company owned by Golden Gate Capital and Blum Capital Partners.
83Yokohama Tire20,300Fullerton, Calif.www.yokohamatire.comTiresNorth American manufactuiring and marketing arm of Tokyo-based Yokohama Rubber Co.
84Hon Hai Precision Industries20,000Houstonwww.foxconn.comElectronicsAnchor company of the Taiwan-based contract electronics manufacturer Hon Hai/Foxconn Technology Group. Also offers design, engineering, machine tooling and after sales services. Largest exporter in greater China.
85Haier America Trading20,000Wayne, N.J.www.haieramerica.comAppliancesSubsidiary of China's Haier Group. The appliance and consumer electronics business has operated in the U.S. since 1999.
86Bissell Homecare20,000Grand Rapids, Mich.www.bissell.comHouseholdProducts: Carpet cleaners, vacuums, sweepers, brooms and mops.
87Berkshire Hathaway19,800Throughout U.S.www.berkshirehathaway.comDiversifiedAmong Warren Buffet's Berkshire Hathaway companies that export are Fruit of the Loom/Union Underwear, Lubrizol, Benjamin Moore, Shaw Industries, Johns Manville. Also owns BNSF and XTRA Corp.
88Tractor Supply19,400Brentwood, Tenn.www.tractorsupply.comRetailBegun as a small tractor parts business, it now has 1,300 stores in 48 states in rural America.
89L Brands19,300Columbus, Ohiowww.lb.comRetailBrands include Victoria's Secret, PINK, Bath and Body Works, La Senza and Henri Bendel. Mast Global provides production, sourcing and logistics.
90JoAnn Fabric and Craft Stores19,000Hudson, Ohiowww.joann.comRetailThe chain sells fabric, craft and sewing materials. Previously publicly traded, merged with private equity firm Leonard Green & Partners. Has distribution centers in Hudson, Ohio; Visalia, California; and Opelika, Alabama.
91Marubeni America18,700New Yorkwww.marubeni-usa.comConglomerateLargest overseas subsidiary of Japanese trading house Marubeni Corp. Top products include chemicals and machinery.
92Walgreens Boots Alliance18,600Deerfield, Ill.www.walgreensbootsalliance.comRetailLargest U.S. drugstore chain with 8,699 stores (including Duane Read in 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam and the United States Virgin Islands) combined with Boots Alliance of Europe as of Dec. 31, 2015, with synergies in mind.
93First Solar Electric18,200Tempe, Ariz.www.firstsolar.comSolarPreviously known as Turner Renewable Energy, it is a supplier of solar panels and hardware. It is a subsidiary of First Solar of Torrence..
94Shark Ninja18,000Newton, Masswww.sharkninja.comAppliancesRebranded from Euro-Pro Operating to Shark Ninja. Offers Shark vacuums, Ninja blenders and Bravetti appliances.
95Euromarket Designs18,000Northbrook, Ill.www.crateandbarrel.comRetailPrivately owned by the Otto Group of Hamburg, the contemporary home goods retailer known as Crate & Barrel also operates CB2 and partners with the Land of Nod. More than 100 stores in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Singapore and Dubai locations. Now shipping to China.
96Fonterra USA17,900Rosemont, Ill.www.fonterra.comDairy ProductsLargest cooperative in New Zealand with more than 16,000 dairy farmers supplying milk each year. Some of the New Zealand production is traded on Global Dairy Trade, an online platform.
97Hyundai Motor Manufacturing17,800Montgomery, Ala.www.hmmausa.comMotor VehiclesHyundai's first assembly and manufacturing plant in the U.S. was a $1.7 billion investment and opened in May 2005.
98 tieCVS Health17,500Woonsocket, R.I.www.cvs.comRetail20 distribution centers with about 11.5 million square feet handle 7,660 stores.
98 tieJohn Deere17,500Moline, Ill.www.deere.comMfg-EquipmentAn expanded parts distribution facility in Campinas, Brazil, will open later this year. Overseas, John Deere has six factories in China, five in Brazil, four in India, four in Mexico, two in Russia. In the U.S., there are factories in 11 states.
98 tieKubota Tractor17,500Torrence, Calif.www.kubota.comTractors and Agri ToolsFocused on growth in hay and forage markets especially hay tools and equipment..
100DuPont16,500Wilmington, Del.www.dupont.comDiversifiedDow DuPont, a merger of equals is expected to close by year-end. DuPont separated its chemicals business into a new company, Chemours, effective July 1, 2015. (The DuPont volume does not reflect the July-December Chemours volume.)
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, contact Marsha Salisbury, JOC research editor, marsha.salisbury@ihs.com, 973-776-7828

About the Rankings

The Journal of Commerce’s annual Top 100 U.S. Importers and Exporters ranking begins with data from PIERS, a sister product of The Journal of Commerce within IHS, and is enhanced by information gathered from other industry sources.

The figures are expressed in 20-foot-equivalent units, or TEUs, the most common measurement of containerized ocean shipping. One standard 40-foot ocean container equals two TEUs.

These lists are restricted to shippers — beneficial owners of containerized cargo that entered or exited U.S. ports by ocean vessel during 2015. The statistics do not include shippers associations, carriers, non-vessel-operating common carriers, forwarders or brokers, third-party logistics providers, banks, or “to-order” negotiable bills of lading, or data falling under privacy strictures. International import and export cargoes moving into and out of the U.S. via air, rail or truck are not included.

In tandem with last year’s ranking and considerable industry research, the list also identifies corporate subsidiaries and strives to reflect any changes in corporate status related to mergers, acquisitions, spinoffs, formal name changes or bankruptcy filings. We also identify the location of corporate headquarters and, if the global headquarters is outside the U.S., the parent company. We indicate a website if one is available and the industry sector, adding a short note about each company, often recent news or an interesting fact.

These rankings represent our best approximation of the total international oceanborne shipments by these companies and their subsidiaries. We welcome your feedback.