West Coast Ports

West Coast Ports

Productivity is the name of the game for West Coast ports leading up to the expansion of the Panama Canal in 2015. Unlike many of the ports on the East and Gulf coasts that are deepening their harbors and enlarging their marine terminals to prepare for the mega-ships that will begin transiting the canal in 2015, the major West Coast gateways already have 50-foot harbors and terminals of 100 to more than 400 acres in size.

In order to prevent an erosion of market share to East Coast ports, the Seattle-Tacoma, Oakland and Los Angeles-Long Beach gateways must improve their efficiency in unloading vessels, moving containers through the yards and expediting the departure of containers by truck and intermodal rail.

The 25 to 26 container moves per crane per hour that mark West Coast port operations must be increased to at least 30 moves per hour. Terminal operators are exploring options for automating yard, gate and on-dock rail operations. The busiest terminals will invest in costly equipment such as dual-hoist cranes, automated guided vehicles and automated stacking cranes. The ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, which together handle about 40 percent of U.S. imports from Asia, will spend more than $7 billion in the coming decade on larger, more efficient terminals and improved connectivity to rail and highway networks.

Offering a transit time advantage of a week to 10 days to the U.S. interior, and the potential for reducing per-slot vessel costs by hundreds of dollars with the arrival of vessels having a capacity of 13,000-TEU capacity, West Coast ports want to beat the canal by even further expanding their 70 percent market share of U.S. imports from Asia.

 

Special Coverage

The 12,500-TEU MSC Fabiola broke records when it first called at California ports in 2012.
West Coast ports will spend the coming year in much the same way they spent the past year: preparing for big ships operated by big carrier alliances.

News & Analysis

22 Jul 2014
The International Longshore and Warehouse Union today completed its two-day caucus in San Francisco, and the union will resume contract negotiations with the Pacific Maritime Association on Wednesday.
22 Aug 2013
The Port of Oakland was operating smoothly Thursday, with no sign of protesting truckers, and no delays at marine terminal gates. Chris Lytle, Oakland’s executive director, intends to do everything possible to maintain fluid operations after weeks of sporadic work stoppages by longshoremen and protests by harbor truckers over slow turn times and pending environmental requirements.
19 Aug 2013
Marine terminal gates at the Port of Oakland were beginning to reopen at noon Monday following a morning-long blockade by owner-operator truck drivers protesting slow turn times at marine terminals.
Port of Oakland
19 Aug 2013
Changing Oakland’s reputation and making it the preferred port on the West Coast is the mission of newly appointed Executive Director Chris Lytle.
16 Aug 2013
Legislation being introduced by Washington state’s two U.S. senators to replace the Harbor Maintenance Tax with a new levy on U.S. containerized imports reflects a stark reality: Washington’s two container ports, Seattle and Tacoma, have for years been individually and collectively losing market share — mostly to Canadian west coast ports, where U.S.-bound containers aren’t assessed the HMT.
Cranes at the Port of Oakland
02 Aug 2013
Ocean carriers, struggling to make a profit in the face of overcapacity and declining freight rates, are taking dramatic and sometimes unexpected actions to slash costs. In this environment of frenzied cost-cutting, the proprietary container terminal operated for a single shipping line is becoming an endangered species.

Commentary

Shippers are breathing a sigh of relief because there haven’t been any major disruptions at U.S. West Coast ports, nearly a month after a brief extension of the contract between the International Longshore and Warehouse Union and employers represented by the Pacific Maritime Association expired. Both sides seem to understand that a shutdown of any kind wouldn’t be in their best interest.

More Commentary

Video

Don Krusel, Prince Rupert Port Authority president/CEO, speaks about competitiveness, labor relations and plans for expansion.
Dr. Noel Hacegaba, deputy executive director, Port of Long Beach, discusses port productivity and the impact of mega-ships, the role of infrastructure investment, and the need to emphasize system improvements to increase efficiency.
Acting Long Beach Port Director Al Moro talks about the ambitious projects to prepare the port for the big new container ships that are calling there. POLB and private investors are providing billions of dollars to build new rail lines and a huge automated container terminal, as well as to replace the Gerald Desmond Bridge, which is too low for the new ships.