West Coast Ports

West Coast Ports

Productivity is the name of the game for West Coast ports leading up to the expansion of the Panama Canal in 2015. Unlike many of the ports on the East and Gulf coasts that are deepening their harbors and enlarging their marine terminals to prepare for the mega-ships that will begin transiting the canal in 2015, the major West Coast gateways already have 50-foot harbors and terminals of 100 to more than 400 acres in size.

In order to prevent an erosion of market share to East Coast ports, the Seattle-Tacoma, Oakland and Los Angeles-Long Beach gateways must improve their efficiency in unloading vessels, moving containers through the yards and expediting the departure of containers by truck and intermodal rail.

The 25 to 26 container moves per crane per hour that mark West Coast port operations must be increased to at least 30 moves per hour. Terminal operators are exploring options for automating yard, gate and on-dock rail operations. The busiest terminals will invest in costly equipment such as dual-hoist cranes, automated guided vehicles and automated stacking cranes. The ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, which together handle about 40 percent of U.S. imports from Asia, will spend more than $7 billion in the coming decade on larger, more efficient terminals and improved connectivity to rail and highway networks.

Offering a transit time advantage of a week to 10 days to the U.S. interior, and the potential for reducing per-slot vessel costs by hundreds of dollars with the arrival of vessels having a capacity of 13,000-TEU capacity, West Coast ports want to beat the canal by even further expanding their 70 percent market share of U.S. imports from Asia.

 

Special Coverage

The 12,500-TEU MSC Fabiola broke records when it first called at California ports in 2012.
West Coast ports will spend the coming year in much the same way they spent the past year: preparing for big ships operated by big carrier alliances.

News & Analysis

APL Terminal, Global Gateway South, LA
31 Jul 2014
Operations at the APL terminal at the Port of Los Angeles were back to normal this afternoon after several weeks of congestion that frayed the nerves of harbor truckers and tarnished the reputation of a terminal that had been considered a model of efficiency in the industry.
31 Jul 2014
A group of pro-Palestinian activists will not be gathering en masse at Port of Oakland’s Berth 57 on Aug. 2 to protest the arrival of ships belonging to the Israel-based carrier Zim Integrated Shipping Services, the group announced on its Facebook page.
ITS terminal, Port of Long Beach
31 Jul 2014
Terminal operator and stevedore Ports America, with services in every major U.S. port, is expanding its footprint on the U.S. West Coast.
Middle Harbor expansion project, Long Beach
31 Jul 2014
The ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach are aggressively expanding their cargo-handling capacity through multibillion-dollar capital programs, while at the same time being careful not to build excess capacity that will drive terminal operators’ rates lower.
Gene Seroka
29 Jul 2014
In Gene Seroka’s first meeting with Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti after being named executive director of the Port of Los Angeles last month, the mayor told Seroka what is expected of him: “Maintain and grow the nation’s number one port.”
29 Jul 2014
An activist group announced plans to block cargo moving off Israel-based Zim ships at Oakland on Aug. 2 to protest the conflict in Gaza.

Commentary

As of today, July 30, there is no U.S. West Coast longshore agreement in place, a month after the previous six-year pact expired. In any contract year, the time between expiration and agreement is especially volatile, because the risk of cargo-disrupting labor actions is at its highest. And the risk of disruption isn't diminishing.

Video

Don Krusel, Prince Rupert Port Authority president/CEO, speaks about competitiveness, labor relations and plans for expansion.
Dr. Noel Hacegaba, deputy executive director, Port of Long Beach, discusses port productivity and the impact of mega-ships, the role of infrastructure investment, and the need to emphasize system improvements to increase efficiency.
Acting Long Beach Port Director Al Moro talks about the ambitious projects to prepare the port for the big new container ships that are calling there. POLB and private investors are providing billions of dollars to build new rail lines and a huge automated container terminal, as well as to replace the Gerald Desmond Bridge, which is too low for the new ships.