Port Productivity

About the JOC Port Productivity Rankings

The JOC Port Productivity rankings included in this section are based on seven rigidly defined elements provided by 17 participating carriers. Other data points such as operating time, crane density, total time a ship is in port and crane productivity will be added later.

The data points for this report are vessel name, terminal name, port city, port country, berth arrival, berth departure and number of moves (including lifts on, lifts off and re-stows). Berth arrival and departure refer to “lines down” and “lines up” — that is, the actual arrival and departure of the ship at the berth. The calculation of moves per hour between these two times is referred to as unadjusted gross berth productivity.

It is the same calculation for all 400 terminals and 600 ports the JOC evaluates, allowing for a basic apples-to-apples comparison globally. The data enters a data warehouse in standardized format so that it’s accessible for reports, rankings, analysis and other uses.

Interaction with global carriers resulted in data whose definitions are consistent across all carriers. Rankings were determined by analyzing nearly 65,000 port calls in the first half of 2013.

Productivity is defined as the average of the gross moves per hour for each call recorded last year.

Gross moves per hour for a single vessel call is defined as the total container moves (onload, offload and repositioning) divided by the number of hours for which the vessel is at berth.

Special Coverage

Georgia Ports Authority terminals
The latest vessel productivity numbers derived and analyzed from the JOC Port Productivity database should be welcome news for marine terminal operators and port authorities. Productivity at many terminals improved in the first six months of 2013 compared to the previous numbers covering all of 2012.

News & Analysis

15 Apr 2014
The competitive advantage of ports will be their ability to improve productivity and service levels as larger vessels call more often and increase container handling volume per port visit, according to Mika Mahlberg, vice president of Konecranes’ port cranes business unit.
TCB handled 3,784 loading and unloading movements in 28 hours.
26 Jul 2013
Spain’s Terminal de Contenidors de Barcelona, part of Grup Marítim TCB, has set a new company record for movements in handling a single ship.
Line of trucks outside NYCT, July 24, 2013
24 Jul 2013
Drayage industry leaders say the Port of New York and New Jersey faces the loss of cargo to rival gateways unless it can end delays that have produced seven consecutive weeks of long truck lines outside container terminals.
23 Jul 2013
The Port of New York and New Jersey is battling its seventh consecutive week of cargo delays and long truck lines that began last month with computer problems at Maher Terminals and have spread to other terminals.
APM Terminal, Portsmouth, Va.
22 Jul 2013
U.S. container terminals have a good deal of ground to make up if they are to achieve vessel productivity numbers achieved at some terminals in Europe and Asia, the JOC Port Productivity database suggests. Automation might just be the silver bullet — or perhaps not.
22 Jul 2013
The July 22 debut of JOC Port Productivity research comes with a message that rings loud and clear: Marine terminal operators must do a better job of delivering the vessel productivity required by ocean carriers and those whose cargo is aboard their ships.



In my 42-plus years in the industry, I’ve seen many variations of what we now call alliances — joint services, slot-charter arrangements, vessel-sharing agreements, alliances and now mega-alliances — and more no doubt will follow.


Dr. Noel Hacegaba, deputy executive director, Port of Long Beach, discusses port productivity and the impact of mega-ships, the role of infrastructure investment, and the need to emphasize system improvements to increase efficiency.
Global Terminal is undergoing major expansion while continuing cargo operations. Guy Buzzoni, vice president of infrastructure development at Global Terminal, discusses the challenges -- and explains why he's watching the weather.