Port Productivity

About the JOC Port Productivity Rankings

Within any prevailing trend, there will always be winners and losers. By ranking ports and terminals in terms of berth productivity, the JOC aims to shine a light on efficiency, and perhaps be a catalyst to improving it.

In the past, we’ve published straight productivity rankings — that is, the top ports and terminals by region and broken down by vessel size. Those rankings did not consider call size — the number of containers moving by ship per call — and thus, in a sense, did not give a complete picture of productivity. Nor did they reasonably allow for ports or terminals outside the top 10 in port productivity to make the rankings, resulting in an overly predictable list year after year. 

So this year, we analyzed which terminals made the greatest strides in port efficiency from 2014 to 2015. It is, by definition, difficult for a high-performing terminal to make these lists, so for those accustomed to appearing at the top, understand that your performance is no less worthy.

For this year’s rankings, we’ve also broken the world down into nine regions, separating Africa and Europe, and Latin America and North America, which previously had been grouped together.  

Starting with berth productivity — the average number of container moves per crane, per hour while a ship is at berth — we’ve measured relative improvement. We then weighted those productivity numbers by call size to achieve actual improvement in year-over-year performance, the measurement by which the rankings have been listed. 

To qualify, a terminal must have improved actual and relative (unweighted) productivity, and processed more than 100 ship calls in 2015 and a minimum of 50 in 2014. 

For more information on purchasing the underlying data or to  learn more about our Port Productivity Subscription Report, which provides in-depth industry market analysis, visit  www.joc.com/port_productivity.


Special Coverage

For the first time, the JOC’s Port Productivity rankings analyze the global terminals making the greatest gains in berth efficiency.

News & Analysis

28 Oct 2016
Illegal payments now account for more than half the cost of import and export processes through Nigeria’s ports.
11 Oct 2016
Southern California’s landmark “pool of pools” in which three equipment providers share more than 72,000 inter-operable chassis could be improved.
11 Oct 2016
The postponement is the latest road-bump to a somewhat controversial program aimed at smoothing the peaks and valleys of truck traffic flows.
The night gate program at the Northwest Seaport Alliance is still in its pilot phase, but if the program becomes permanent the three largest gateways on the US West Coast would have some sort of extended gate program in place.
05 Oct 2016
Nearly 10 percent of container traffic at the Northwest Seaport Alliance has migrated to off-peak hours since night gates began.
30 Sep 2016
A pilot program for the first truck appointment system in a terminal at the Port of New York and New Jersey will begin in October.
30 Sep 2016
US ports so far have been doing a reasonably good job loading and unloading mega-ships within the required berthing windows, but carriers’ relentless deployment of ever-larger vessels will soon catch up with terminal operators.


The Port of Oakland looked to an old recipe for success in the unprecedented crisis caused by the failure of Hanjin Shipping: teamwork.

More Commentary


Clearmetal Founder and Chief Executive Officer Adam Compain got together with JOC Senior Content Editor Alessandra Barrett at the 16th TPM Conference to chat about the largest challenges facing ocean carriers when it comes to equipment positioning and repositioning and the hurdles created in this regard by the ever-growing complexity of supply chains.