Port Productivity


About the JOC Port Productivity Rankings

The rankings included in this report are based on seven elements provided by ocean carriers representing more than 75 percent of global capacity. Those data points are: vessel name, terminal name, port city, port country, berth arrival, berth departure and number of moves (including lift-ons, lift-offs and re-stows).

Berth arrival and departure refer to “lines down” and “lines up” — that is, the actual arrival and departure of the ship at berth. The calculation of moves per hour between these two times is referred to as unadjusted gross berth productivity.

It’s the same calculation for all 483 terminals and 771 ports JOC Group Inc. evaluates, allowing for basic apples-to-apples comparison globally. The data enters a data warehouse in standardized format so that it’s accessible for reports, rankings, analysis and other uses.

Interaction with global carriers resulted in data whose definitions are consistent across all carriers. Rankings were determined by analyzing more than 150,000 port calls in 2013.

Productivity is defined as the average of the gross moves per hour for each call recorded last year. Gross moves per hour for a single vessel call is defined as the total container moves (onload, offload and repositioning) divided by the number of hours for which the vessel is at berth.

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Special Coverage

Port productivity data from JOC Group Inc. for 2013 demonstrate that terminal operators around the world are taking quite seriously the challenge they face to service vessels in port as quickly and efficiently as possible in this era of mega-ships.

News & Analysis

Weekly wrap-up for July 5, 2014
05 Jul 2014
Events on the U.S. West Coast dominated the news this past week, as the International Longshore and Warehouse Union and the Pacific Maritime Association continued negotiations toward a new contract.
Containers in a container yard
11 Dec 2013
Technology can help speed the flow of containers handled by a terminal, but technology alone can’t solve the crunch, one terminal executive told JOC's first Port Productivity Seminar.
Thumbnail from Inside the Box Terminal, Part III
10 Dec 2013
Global Terminal is undergoing major expansion while continuing cargo operations. Guy Buzzoni, vice president of infrastructure development at Global Terminal, discusses the challenges -- and explains why he's watching the weather.
Image for Port Productivity Seminar
10 Dec 2013
NEWARK, N.J. — Costs at North American ports will continue to rise unless berth, yard and gate productivity increases enough to handle all the big container ships coming their way. And container lines likewise will see their port costs rise, even if current productivity levels stay the same.
APM Terminals, Elizabeth, N.J.
04 Dec 2013
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is organizing a Port Performance Task Force comprising a cross-section of industry representatives who will recommend ways to make the port run more smoothly.
JOC CEO Gavin Carter and Steen Knudsen, regional chief operating officer for the Asia-Pacific at APM Terminals. Photo: Rhiannon James.
16 Oct 2013
SHENZHEN, China — JOC Group Inc., parent company of The Journal of Commerce and joc.com, on Wednesday recognized APM Terminals Yokohama as the world’s most productive terminal for 2012.

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Commentary

Other than last week’s stunning collapse of the P3 Network, there’s arguably no hotter issue in the container shipping world than port productivity.

Video

Dr. Noel Hacegaba, deputy executive director, Port of Long Beach, discusses port productivity and the impact of mega-ships, the role of infrastructure investment, and the need to emphasize system improvements to increase efficiency.
Global Terminal is undergoing major expansion while continuing cargo operations. Guy Buzzoni, vice president of infrastructure development at Global Terminal, discusses the challenges -- and explains why he's watching the weather.