When the U.S., Canada and Mexico implemented the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, it opened the door for open trade by ending tariffs on various goods and services and creating an even playing field for the three markets. Today, agricultural goods such as eggs, corn and meats; manufactured products such as auto parts; and raw materials such as steel and lumber flow freely across the borders, primarily by truck and rail.

The U.S. exported more than $280 billion in goods to Canada in 2011, making its northern neighbor the largest source for outgoing products.  U.S. imports, at more than $315 billion, make Canada the second-largest source of inbound goods after China.

Exports to and imports from Mexico set record highs in 2011, with exports reaching $198.4 billion and imports hitting $262.9 billion.

The combined $1.1 trillion in combined trade among the three partners make NAFTA the second-largest trade bloc in the world, second only to the 27-member European Union.

Special Coverage

The North American Free Trade Agreement’s cross-border freight growth of 3.2 percent in 2015 — representing 14.7 million truck and rail containers crossing both borders — exceeds the global ocean container trade’s weak gain of 1.3 percent in the same period.

News & Analysis

04 Apr 2017
New service aims to smooth cross-border hurdles for shippers and provide greater supply chain visibility.
03 Apr 2017
The project is tied to CBP's still-incomplete Automated Commercial Environment.
03 Apr 2017
Alliance between US and Canadian trucking operators comes as both parties expand.
08 Mar 2017
Shippers on both sides of the US border struggle to identify and control fuel costs as Mexico pursues price reform.
03 Mar 2017
USAT Logistics, the non-asset arm of USA Truck, opens a Mexican subsidiary.
13 Feb 2017
The economic impact of a challenge to Mexican trucking in the United States is small, but the debate could fuel a growing trade dispute.

Commentary

controversial program Mexico installed on Jan. 1 that raises fuel prices by up to 20 percent soon will trickle down to trucking operators and ultimately to the automotive, white goods, and other manufacturers and suppliers surging into Mexico.