When the U.S., Canada and Mexico implemented the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, it opened the door for open trade by ending tariffs on various goods and services and creating an even playing field for the three markets. Today, agricultural goods such as eggs, corn and meats; manufactured products such as auto parts; and raw materials such as steel and lumber flow freely across the borders, primarily by truck and rail.

The U.S. exported more than $280 billion in goods to Canada in 2011, making its northern neighbor the largest source for outgoing products.  U.S. imports, at more than $315 billion, make Canada the second-largest source of inbound goods after China.

Exports to and imports from Mexico set record highs in 2011, with exports reaching $198.4 billion and imports hitting $262.9 billion.

The combined $1.1 trillion in combined trade among the three partners make NAFTA the second-largest trade bloc in the world, second only to the 27-member European Union.

News & Analysis

03 Oct 2016
Mexican shippers and railroads are closely watching to see if a new regulatory agency will lower rates and how it will weigh in on disagreements between carriers and customers, as intermodal volume growth sputters.
10 Feb 2016
A new retail services division and steady automotive demand helped push Pilot Freight revenue higher last year despite falling fuel surcharges and a sluggish economy.
15 Jan 2016
Thanks partly to its acquisition of non-asset truckload specialist Coyote Logistics, UPS is opening new routes into shippers' cross-border supply chains.
09 Jan 2016
Starting Monday, truckers will face fines if they fail to send electronic shipment manifests to Canadian authorities before arriving at the border. Shipments could be delayed.
02 Dec 2015
The value of goods shipped between Mexico and the U.S. continues to climb, while the goods value in U.S.-Canada trade is dropping. Lower fuel prices and the strong U.S. dollar are partly to blame, as well as the surge in Mexican manufacturing aimed at the U.S.
02 Dec 2015
The surge in acquisitions keeps building, as truckload carrier Transport America, acquired last year by TransForce, buys logistics company Optimal Freight.


Trucking companies facing a new Canadian eManifest deadline should follow these five steps to prepare for the rules and avoid fines and border delays.