North America west coast container ports experienced a decline in year-over-year traffic in the second quarter of 2013. Overall throughput to major west coast ports in the U.S., Mexico, and Canada fell 2.3 percent from 6,114,834 20-foot-equivalent containers in second quarter 2012 to 5,975,881 TEUs in second quarter 2013. North America west coast market shares of major Pacific Northwest and Mexican ports were down year-over-year. However, ports in Canada and California saw their shares of the market climb.
Among North America west coast ports, U.S. ports continue to hold the largest market share, with 81.6 percent share of overall traffic during the second quarter of 2013. This is up one-tenth of a percentage point from the same quarter a year ago. Of the major U.S. West Coast ports, Southern California, which includes the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, holds the highest overall market share with 60.1 percent. Southern California’s share went up by four-tenths of a percentage point from the previous year. The Port of Oakland inched up 0.2 percentage points to hold 9.8 percent of the market share in the second quarter. The Pacific Northwest port region slipped half of a percentage point from 12.1 percent of the market in the second quarter in 2012 to 11.7 percent in 2013.
The major west coast Mexico Port of Lazaro Cardenas held a 4.5 percent share of the North America Pacific Coast market in the second quarter of 2013, a drop of six-tenths of a percentage point from a year ago. Canadian ports increased their share in the 2013 second quarter by four-tenths of a percentage point to a 13.8 percent share.
The major west coast Canadian ports, which include Vancouver and Prince Rupert, British Columbia, saw throughput volume totaling 825,788 TEUs in the second quarter of 2013, up 1.0 percent from 817,579 TEUs in 2012. Vancouver throughput rose 3.5 percent year-over-year to 696,917 TEUs, and its market share inched up from 11.0 percent to 11.7 percent. However, Prince Rupert saw a decline in throughput of 10.7 percent this quarter to 128,871 TEUs; its market share slipped from 2.4 percent to 2.2 percent year-over-year. Throughput at Lazaro Cardenas tumbled 14.0 percent year-over-year in the second quarter to 271,366 TEUs.
Overall U.S. throughput was down year-over-year in the second quarter, falling 2.1 percent to 4,878,727 TEUs. Tacoma saw the largest year-over-year jump in throughput in the second quarter, with volume up 34.3 percent to 346,823 TEUs from 258,330 TEUs in the second quarter of 2012, largely because of the Grand Alliance’s shift from Seattle to Tacoma. Its market share grew 1.6 percentage points to 5.8 percent. As a result, Seattle saw the largest drop in throughput, down 28.8 percent to 310,745 TEUs from 436,518 TEUs in the second quarter of 2012, cutting its market share to 5.2 percent. Portland saw a drop in volume of 13.8 percent this quarter, from 47,509 to 40,954 TEUs, with its market share falling slightly from 0.8 percent to 0.7 percent. The declines in throughput in Seattle and Portland brought down the overall market share of the Pacific Northwest from 12.1 percent to 11.7 percent.
Traffic volume in Los Angeles fell 9.9 percent from the second quarter of 2012 to 1,923,832 TEUs. Its year-over-year market share fell 2.7 percentage points to 32.2 percent, the largest second quarter drop in all of the North America west coast ports. Oakland saw a minimal decrease of 0.2 percent to 587,837 TEUs in the second quarter. Long Beach volume, however, jumped 10.1 percent in the second quarter of 2013 to 1,668,536 TEUs from 1,515,166 TEUs in the second quarter of 2012, lifting its market share from 24.8 percent in second quarter 2012 to 27.9 percent in second quarter 2013, the largest increase of all West Coast ports.