The European Union said all ships of more than 5,000 gross tons calling at its ports would have to measure and report their annual carbon dioxide emissions beginning in 2018.
The proposal by the EU’s Executive Commission has been negotiated over several years and is unlikely to face much opposition from the shipping community.
The monitoring system is a watered-down version of earlier suggestions, which called for shipping to be included in the EU’s carbon trading market. The start date is also later than earlier proposals.
“The EU monitoring system will bring environmental and economic gains for the shipping industry by increasing transparency about emissions and creating an incentive for shipowners to cut them,” said Connie Hedegaard, the EU commissioner for climate change.
The commission claims an EU-wide monitoring system will reduce CO2 emissions by up to 2 percent. It estimates shipping accounts for about 3 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions and 4 percent of EU emissions.
The proposal, which applies to all ships irrespective of their registry, needs to be approved by the EU’s 28 member states and the European Parliament to become law.