The Georgia Ports Authority, facing environmental opposition to its plans to deepen the Savannah River to 48 feet, said its recently completed environmental survey shows wildlife is flourishing at its terminals in Savannah and Brunswick.
The survey included wetland monitoring at the Port of Savannah’s Garden City Terminal and a threatened and endangered species survey and ecological habitat assessment at the Port of Brunswick’s Colonel’s Island Terminal.
“We have designed our terminals to avoid impacting the wetlands and wildlife habitats as much as possible,” GPA Executive Director Curtis J. Foltz said. “We will continue to find ways to maximize our terminal efficiencies, while we do everything we can to be good stewards of the environment.”
The GPA has protected a nine-acre freshwater wetland at the Port of Savannah’s Garden City Terminal, which is currently home to a six-nest rookery of Great White Egrets. At the Port of Brunswick, endangered and threatened bird species have found a home at an open-water wetland habitat at Colonel’s Island Terminal.
Biologist Jeffrey Williams with Sligh Environmental Consultants recently conducted the GPA’s annual monitoring for the wetland at Garden City Terminal’s Container Berth 8. “GPA understands the importance of the state’s natural resources,” he said. “The GPA looks for ways to incorporate the appropriate measures into development plans to ensure the protection of the natural resources, while taking a sensible approach to development needs.
“The GPA’s nine-acre wetland area is a healthy and flourishing freshwater wetland,” Williams said. “The GPA has maintained a native thick vegetative buffer around the wetland area, which helps to ensure that the port’s daily activities do not disturb the adult and juvenile birds in the CB-8 freshwater wetland area.”
The flooded eastern portion of the wetland is home to a small Great White Egret rookery that is dependent on the wetland and its scrub shrub habitat and annual floods to offer their young nesting areas, protection from predation and food for rapidly growing juvenile birds.
The vegetation within the Savannah wetland area is predominately composed of woody species such as sapling black willow, button bush, red maple, and water tupelo, and soft plants including lizards tail, blue-flag iris, wild rice, duck weed, St. John’s Wort and pickerel weed.
In Brunswick, Williams evaluated the Colonel’s Island wading bird pond that is a historic borrow pit adjacent to the marsh that has naturalized over time. “The area stays inundated with water and is full of healthy aquatic vegetation that the birds thrive on,” he said. “Because of the vegetative makeup of the pond and surrounding edges, it offers the birds everything they need for forage, nesting, resting and/or roosting.”
Williams has documented the following bird species using the pond: great white egrets, great blue herons, white ibis, roseate spoonbills, wood storks, night herons (yellow crowned and black crowned herons), red wing black birds and wood ducks.
Contact Peter T. Leach at firstname.lastname@example.org and follow him on Twitter @petertleach.