The Journal of Commerce’s Annual Top 100 Importers and Exporters ranking is based on data from PIERS Global Intelligence Solutions, a JOC sister company, and other industry sources. Volumes are expressed in 20-foot equivalent units, or TEUs, the most common standard measurement of containerized ocean shipping. One standard 40-foot container equals two TEUs.
The lists are restricted to shippers — beneficial cargo owners of containerized cargo that entered or exited U.S. ports by ocean vessel in 2009.
The statistics do not include shippers associations, carriers, non-vessel-operating common carriers, forwarders or brokers, third-party logistics providers, banks, “to-order” negotiable bills of lading or any privacy-strictured data.
International import and export cargoes moving via air, rail or truck are omitted.
These rankings represent our best estimate of the total international oceanborne shipments by the companies, their subsidiaries and indirect transaction parties.
— Marsha Salisbury
Research Editor, The Journal of Commerce