China is the world's biggest violator of U.S. copyrights, costing the United States over $400 million a year in trade losses, a U.S. business coalition charged Wednesday.
By contrast, the coalition said, Singapore - once the leading violator - has in the last four years almost eliminated copyright "piracy." Indonesia also was credited with greatly reducing U.S. copyright violations.Saudi Arabia and South Korea rank behind China as other major copyright violators, according to a report released by the International Intellectual Property Alliance, which comprises U.S. publishers, film and record makers, and computer software manufacturers.
Altogether, the alliance estimated, 12 of what it called "the world's leading offender" nations of U.S. copyrights are costing the United States over $1.3 billion annually in revenue losses.
The alliance is pressing the Bush administration to name the 12 as ''priority" countries under the 1988 trade act in an effort to stop the
Under the act, by June 30 the administration must start negotiations with those "priority" countries toward halting the piracy. If by early next year the countries do not agree to stop the piracy, the United States may announce trade reprisals.
The 12 countries are India, the Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia, Brazil, Egypt, Thailand, Nigeria and Malaysia, China, Saudi Arabia and Korea.
Indonesia, the alliance said, is making satisfactory progress in reducing piracy but remains a "problem" country because of "its failure to provide fair and equitable market access" to U.S. copyright holders.
South Korea, Brazil and India also were cited by the alliance for failing to give fair market access to U.S. businesses that "rely on intellectual property protection."
Of the $1.3 billion in piracy losses last year, the alliance said, $547 million was incurred by U.S. computer software makers. U.S. book publisher losses were put at $326 million.